Mashitoh yaacob [Mash@pkrisc.cc.Ukm.My] Islamic teachings on the environment

Mashitoh Yaacob, Ismail Yaacob

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Islam is a way of life, i.e., a life with a balance between a worldly goal and the Hereafter. To implement Islam as a way of life a true understanding of every aspect of its teachings is needed. This paper contributes to only one of the aspects, that is, Islamic teaching on the environment. The attempt of this paper is to explore the teaching of Islam on human ethical behaviours when he/she interacts with other humans and other elements of the environment. The materials used in this explorative study are the Qur'anic verses, Sunnah (i.e., the tradition of the Prophet Muhammad s.a.w) and scientific literature while the research methods utilised in this study are the analysis and synthesis of the materials studied (i.e., the Qur'anic verses, Sunnah, and scientific literature) as well as logical and comparative analysis of the results. The results illustrate that the Qur'an has not only taught humans about the ethical way to interact with other humans and other elements of the environment but has prescribed the rewards and punishments due to good deeds and bad deeds towards the environment, respectively. Adopting environmentally ethical behaviour is considered in the Qur'an as a good deed. The Qur'anic verses also provide Islamic ethical principles, such as halal (lawful), haram (forbidden), khilafah (caliphate), moderation, no waste, no transgression, etc., to guide human interactions with the environment including in providing guidance for developing the natural resources sustainably. Thus, adopting the sustainable development concept and the environmental impact assessment procedure in development practices are considered good deeds in Islam. It is clear from the analyses of the Qur'anic verses, Sunnah and the scientific literature that Islam has provided Islamic environmental ethical ways for humans to interact with other humans, fauna (animals), flora (plants and trees), land and soil, water, and air. Islam has also prescribed the responsibility of humans towards the environment in that to consume the natural resources at the level of human needs not human desires.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)365-373
Number of pages9
JournalAdvances in Natural and Applied Sciences
Volume6
Issue number3 SPECL.ISSUE 2
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2012

Fingerprint

Teaching
Islam
Natural resources
Literature
Environmental impact assessments
Sustainable development
Animals
Soils
Water
natural resources
Air
Embryophyta
Punishment
transgressive segregation
soil air
Conservation of Natural Resources
environmental assessment
research methods
Reward
sustainable development

Keywords

  • Environmental responsibility
  • Environmentally ethical behaviour
  • Islamic environmental ethics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Mashitoh yaacob [Mash@pkrisc.cc.Ukm.My] Islamic teachings on the environment. / Yaacob, Mashitoh; Yaacob, Ismail.

In: Advances in Natural and Applied Sciences, Vol. 6, No. 3 SPECL.ISSUE 2, 01.2012, p. 365-373.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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