Marker-assisted selection strategy to pyramid two or more QTLs for quantitative trait-grain yield under drought

Arvind Kumar, Nitika Sandhu, Shalabh Dixit, Shailesh Yadav, B. P.M. Swamy, Noraziyah Abd Aziz Shamsudin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Marker-assisted breeding will move forward from introgressing single/multiple genes governing a single trait to multiple genes governing multiple traits to combat emerging biotic and abiotic stresses related to climate change and to enhance rice productivity. MAS will need to address concerns about the population size needed to introgress together more than two genes/QTLs. In the present study, grain yield and genotypic data from different generations (F3 to F8) for five marker-assisted breeding programs were analyzed to understand the effectiveness of synergistic effect of phenotyping and genotyping in early generations on selection of better progenies. Results: Based on class analysis of the QTL combinations, the identified superior QTL classes in F3/BC1F3/BC2F3 generations with positive QTL x QTL and QTL x background interactions that were captured through phenotyping maintained its superiority in yield under non-stress (NS) and reproductive-stage drought stress (RS) across advanced generations in all five studies. The marker-assisted selection breeding strategy combining both genotyping and phenotyping in early generation significantly reduced the number of genotypes to be carried forward. The strategy presented in this study providing genotyping and phenotyping cost savings of 25–68% compared with the traditional marker-assisted selection approach. The QTL classes, Sub1 + qDTY1.1 + qDTY2.1 + qDTY3.1 and Sub1 + qDTY2.1 + qDTY3.1 in Swarna-Sub1, Sub1 + qDTY1.1 + qDTY1.2, Sub1 + qDTY1.1 + qDTY2.2 and Sub1 + qDTY2.2 + qDTY12.1 in IR64-Sub1, qDTY2.2 + qDTY4.1 in Samba Mahsuri, Sub1 + qDTY3.1 + qDTY6.1 + qDTY6.2 and Sub1 + qDTY6.1 + qDTY6.2 in TDK1-Sub1 and qDTY12.1 + qDTY3.1 and qDTY2.2 + qDTY3.1 in MR219 had shown better and consistent performance under NS and RS across generations over other QTL classes. Conclusion: “Deployment of this procedure will save time and resources and will allow breeders to focus and advance only germplasm with high probability of improved performance. The identification of superior QTL classes and capture of positive QTL x QTL and QTL x background interactions in early generation and their consistent performance in subsequent generations across five backgrounds supports the efficacy of a combined MAS breeding strategy”.

Original languageEnglish
Article number35
JournalRice
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018

Fingerprint

quantitative traits
marker-assisted selection
quantitative trait loci
grain yield
drought
breeding
MAS
drought stress
gene
germplasm
genotyping
phenotype
population size
savings
genotype
rice
productivity
climate change
marker
water stress

Keywords

  • Drought
  • Drought yield QTLs
  • Marker-assisted selection breeding strategy
  • Pyramiding
  • Rice

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Soil Science
  • Plant Science

Cite this

Marker-assisted selection strategy to pyramid two or more QTLs for quantitative trait-grain yield under drought. / Kumar, Arvind; Sandhu, Nitika; Dixit, Shalabh; Yadav, Shailesh; Swamy, B. P.M.; Abd Aziz Shamsudin, Noraziyah.

In: Rice, Vol. 11, No. 1, 35, 01.12.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kumar, Arvind ; Sandhu, Nitika ; Dixit, Shalabh ; Yadav, Shailesh ; Swamy, B. P.M. ; Abd Aziz Shamsudin, Noraziyah. / Marker-assisted selection strategy to pyramid two or more QTLs for quantitative trait-grain yield under drought. In: Rice. 2018 ; Vol. 11, No. 1.
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title = "Marker-assisted selection strategy to pyramid two or more QTLs for quantitative trait-grain yield under drought",
abstract = "Background: Marker-assisted breeding will move forward from introgressing single/multiple genes governing a single trait to multiple genes governing multiple traits to combat emerging biotic and abiotic stresses related to climate change and to enhance rice productivity. MAS will need to address concerns about the population size needed to introgress together more than two genes/QTLs. In the present study, grain yield and genotypic data from different generations (F3 to F8) for five marker-assisted breeding programs were analyzed to understand the effectiveness of synergistic effect of phenotyping and genotyping in early generations on selection of better progenies. Results: Based on class analysis of the QTL combinations, the identified superior QTL classes in F3/BC1F3/BC2F3 generations with positive QTL x QTL and QTL x background interactions that were captured through phenotyping maintained its superiority in yield under non-stress (NS) and reproductive-stage drought stress (RS) across advanced generations in all five studies. The marker-assisted selection breeding strategy combining both genotyping and phenotyping in early generation significantly reduced the number of genotypes to be carried forward. The strategy presented in this study providing genotyping and phenotyping cost savings of 25–68{\%} compared with the traditional marker-assisted selection approach. The QTL classes, Sub1 + qDTY1.1 + qDTY2.1 + qDTY3.1 and Sub1 + qDTY2.1 + qDTY3.1 in Swarna-Sub1, Sub1 + qDTY1.1 + qDTY1.2, Sub1 + qDTY1.1 + qDTY2.2 and Sub1 + qDTY2.2 + qDTY12.1 in IR64-Sub1, qDTY2.2 + qDTY4.1 in Samba Mahsuri, Sub1 + qDTY3.1 + qDTY6.1 + qDTY6.2 and Sub1 + qDTY6.1 + qDTY6.2 in TDK1-Sub1 and qDTY12.1 + qDTY3.1 and qDTY2.2 + qDTY3.1 in MR219 had shown better and consistent performance under NS and RS across generations over other QTL classes. Conclusion: “Deployment of this procedure will save time and resources and will allow breeders to focus and advance only germplasm with high probability of improved performance. The identification of superior QTL classes and capture of positive QTL x QTL and QTL x background interactions in early generation and their consistent performance in subsequent generations across five backgrounds supports the efficacy of a combined MAS breeding strategy”.",
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AU - Kumar, Arvind

AU - Sandhu, Nitika

AU - Dixit, Shalabh

AU - Yadav, Shailesh

AU - Swamy, B. P.M.

AU - Abd Aziz Shamsudin, Noraziyah

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AB - Background: Marker-assisted breeding will move forward from introgressing single/multiple genes governing a single trait to multiple genes governing multiple traits to combat emerging biotic and abiotic stresses related to climate change and to enhance rice productivity. MAS will need to address concerns about the population size needed to introgress together more than two genes/QTLs. In the present study, grain yield and genotypic data from different generations (F3 to F8) for five marker-assisted breeding programs were analyzed to understand the effectiveness of synergistic effect of phenotyping and genotyping in early generations on selection of better progenies. Results: Based on class analysis of the QTL combinations, the identified superior QTL classes in F3/BC1F3/BC2F3 generations with positive QTL x QTL and QTL x background interactions that were captured through phenotyping maintained its superiority in yield under non-stress (NS) and reproductive-stage drought stress (RS) across advanced generations in all five studies. The marker-assisted selection breeding strategy combining both genotyping and phenotyping in early generation significantly reduced the number of genotypes to be carried forward. The strategy presented in this study providing genotyping and phenotyping cost savings of 25–68% compared with the traditional marker-assisted selection approach. The QTL classes, Sub1 + qDTY1.1 + qDTY2.1 + qDTY3.1 and Sub1 + qDTY2.1 + qDTY3.1 in Swarna-Sub1, Sub1 + qDTY1.1 + qDTY1.2, Sub1 + qDTY1.1 + qDTY2.2 and Sub1 + qDTY2.2 + qDTY12.1 in IR64-Sub1, qDTY2.2 + qDTY4.1 in Samba Mahsuri, Sub1 + qDTY3.1 + qDTY6.1 + qDTY6.2 and Sub1 + qDTY6.1 + qDTY6.2 in TDK1-Sub1 and qDTY12.1 + qDTY3.1 and qDTY2.2 + qDTY3.1 in MR219 had shown better and consistent performance under NS and RS across generations over other QTL classes. Conclusion: “Deployment of this procedure will save time and resources and will allow breeders to focus and advance only germplasm with high probability of improved performance. The identification of superior QTL classes and capture of positive QTL x QTL and QTL x background interactions in early generation and their consistent performance in subsequent generations across five backgrounds supports the efficacy of a combined MAS breeding strategy”.

KW - Drought

KW - Drought yield QTLs

KW - Marker-assisted selection breeding strategy

KW - Pyramiding

KW - Rice

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