Mapping of quantitative trait loci for aroma, amylose content and cooked grain elongation traits in rice

Acga Cheng, Ismanizan Ismail, Mohamad Osman, Habibuddin Hashim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Global demand for high-quality rice has grown substantially in recent years and continues to trend upward due to taste preferences and a greater interest in healthy diets. Most rice quality traits are inherited in a complex way and may be affected by multiple genes and environmental factors. In this study, we conducted a simple sequence repeat (SSR)-based genetic analysis of quantitative trait loci (QTLs) affecting aroma, amylose content (AC) and cooked grain elongation (GE), which are the major quality characteristics in rice. The QTL analysis was performed using an F2 population of a cross between two Oryza sativa ssp. indica-type varieties, "Basmati 370" and "MR 84", comprising of 90 plants. A total of 96 polymorphic markers were distributed over 12 rice chromosomes, each containing at least four markers. A total of nine QTLs (LOD>3.0) were detected for the three studied traits, including four for aroma, three for AC and two for GE. The highest number of QTLs was mapped to chromosome 8, with four QTLs for aroma. Two QTLs each for AC (qAC-3-1 and qAC-5-1) and GE (qGE-2-1 and qGE-2-2) are reported here for the first time. These QTL markers could be utilised as indirect selection tools in breeding programmes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)152-157
Number of pages6
JournalPlant OMICS
Volume7
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

amylose
quantitative trait loci
odors
rice
chromosomes
healthy diet
food choices
genetic techniques and protocols
Oryza sativa
microsatellite repeats
environmental factors
breeding
genes

Keywords

  • (SSR)-based linkage map
  • Oryza sativa
  • Quality traits
  • SSR markers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science

Cite this

Mapping of quantitative trait loci for aroma, amylose content and cooked grain elongation traits in rice. / Cheng, Acga; Ismail, Ismanizan; Osman, Mohamad; Hashim, Habibuddin.

In: Plant OMICS, Vol. 7, No. 3, 2014, p. 152-157.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cheng, Acga ; Ismail, Ismanizan ; Osman, Mohamad ; Hashim, Habibuddin. / Mapping of quantitative trait loci for aroma, amylose content and cooked grain elongation traits in rice. In: Plant OMICS. 2014 ; Vol. 7, No. 3. pp. 152-157.
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