Man-environment relationship of public square case study in dutch square melaka

Tan Kean Jie, Nor Haslina Ja`Afar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The square is one of the major constituent element of open public space in urban design. It is seen as the core of a city which functions as a focal point in the public space network, providing a space for the community social interaction. However, many of the new public spaces in the 20th century has been a void setting and unsuccessful to create a public open space for social interaction that is vibrant with life. The notion of square was adopted from the European culture as far back as 17th century and has been adapted in Malaysia. This could be seen in today’s square design in Malaysia. However, the behaviour pattern indicate otherwise as the present day square design does not respond to the local climatic context with lack of shaded areas. Hence, people tend to avoid social interactions in public square during daytime due to undesirable weather condition. Therefore, the aim of this study is to determine the positive aspects of traditional square that has been successful in supporting the community social interaction, and establishing a general guide for the design of new square as a public open space in Malaysian context. Amongst the consideration to be derived from this adaption is the Malaysian local context in terms of historical significance, culture and climate. Dutch Square in Melaka Historical Town was chosen as the case study, because it represents a model of traditional square as a public open space that still functions in term of attracting people to this day. A combination of quantitative and qualitative approaches were used in this study. Behavioral mapping allowed for statistical analysis where as observation and still photography as the descriptive to support the outcome of behavioural mapping. Therefore, the data collected are more reliable and able to be cross checked for further examinations of the findings. Findings showed that the relationship of the urban context and social behaviour are associative with one another. The square plays an important role to provide a setting in the built environment and the behaviour pattern and activities to determine the success of the square as an open public space. The aim is to provide an appropriate public open space in the built environment that is robust and meaningful to the community.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)291-294
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering
Volume7
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2019

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Photography
Statistical methods
Public space
Open space
Social interaction
Malaysia
Built environment
Statistical analysis
Climate
Weather
Qualitative approaches
20th century

Keywords

  • Behaviour
  • Landscape
  • Man-environment
  • Public Square

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Management of Technology and Innovation

Cite this

Man-environment relationship of public square case study in dutch square melaka. / Jie, Tan Kean; Ja`Afar, Nor Haslina.

In: International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering, Vol. 7, No. 6, 01.04.2019, p. 291-294.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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