Malocclusion and orthodontic treatment need evaluated among subjects with Down syndrome using the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI)

Farah S. Abdul Rahim, Alizae Marny Fadzlin Syed Mohamed, Murshida Marizan Nor, Roslan Saub

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To determine the prevalence of malocclusion and need for orthodontic treatment among persons with Down Syndrome (DS). Materials and Methods: Study participants were 113 persons with DS from the selected community-based rehabilitation center who fulfilled the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Ten occlusal characteristics of the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI) were measured on study models to determine the degree of malocclusion. A single score represented the dentofacial anomalies, determined the level of severity, and determined the need for orthodontic treatment. Results: Crowding in the anterior maxillary and mandibular arch was the main malocclusion problems among the subjects with DS. Comparison between age group and genders revealed no significant differences in four categories of orthodontic treatment need (P . .05). Conclusion: Most of the subjects with DS (94; 83.2%) had severe and very severe malocclusion, which indicated a desirable and mandatory need for orthodontic treatment. (Angle Orthod. 2014;84:600-606.)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)600-606
Number of pages7
JournalAngle Orthodontist
Volume84
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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Dental Esthetics
Malocclusion
Down Syndrome
Orthodontics
Rehabilitation Centers
Therapeutics
Age Groups

Keywords

  • Dental aesthetic index
  • Down syndrome
  • Malocclusion
  • Orthodontics treatment need

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthodontics

Cite this

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title = "Malocclusion and orthodontic treatment need evaluated among subjects with Down syndrome using the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI)",
abstract = "Objective: To determine the prevalence of malocclusion and need for orthodontic treatment among persons with Down Syndrome (DS). Materials and Methods: Study participants were 113 persons with DS from the selected community-based rehabilitation center who fulfilled the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Ten occlusal characteristics of the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI) were measured on study models to determine the degree of malocclusion. A single score represented the dentofacial anomalies, determined the level of severity, and determined the need for orthodontic treatment. Results: Crowding in the anterior maxillary and mandibular arch was the main malocclusion problems among the subjects with DS. Comparison between age group and genders revealed no significant differences in four categories of orthodontic treatment need (P . .05). Conclusion: Most of the subjects with DS (94; 83.2{\%}) had severe and very severe malocclusion, which indicated a desirable and mandatory need for orthodontic treatment. (Angle Orthod. 2014;84:600-606.)",
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AU - Abdul Rahim, Farah S.

AU - Syed Mohamed, Alizae Marny Fadzlin

AU - Marizan Nor, Murshida

AU - Saub, Roslan

PY - 2014

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N2 - Objective: To determine the prevalence of malocclusion and need for orthodontic treatment among persons with Down Syndrome (DS). Materials and Methods: Study participants were 113 persons with DS from the selected community-based rehabilitation center who fulfilled the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Ten occlusal characteristics of the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI) were measured on study models to determine the degree of malocclusion. A single score represented the dentofacial anomalies, determined the level of severity, and determined the need for orthodontic treatment. Results: Crowding in the anterior maxillary and mandibular arch was the main malocclusion problems among the subjects with DS. Comparison between age group and genders revealed no significant differences in four categories of orthodontic treatment need (P . .05). Conclusion: Most of the subjects with DS (94; 83.2%) had severe and very severe malocclusion, which indicated a desirable and mandatory need for orthodontic treatment. (Angle Orthod. 2014;84:600-606.)

AB - Objective: To determine the prevalence of malocclusion and need for orthodontic treatment among persons with Down Syndrome (DS). Materials and Methods: Study participants were 113 persons with DS from the selected community-based rehabilitation center who fulfilled the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Ten occlusal characteristics of the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI) were measured on study models to determine the degree of malocclusion. A single score represented the dentofacial anomalies, determined the level of severity, and determined the need for orthodontic treatment. Results: Crowding in the anterior maxillary and mandibular arch was the main malocclusion problems among the subjects with DS. Comparison between age group and genders revealed no significant differences in four categories of orthodontic treatment need (P . .05). Conclusion: Most of the subjects with DS (94; 83.2%) had severe and very severe malocclusion, which indicated a desirable and mandatory need for orthodontic treatment. (Angle Orthod. 2014;84:600-606.)

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