Malnutrition among 3 to 5 years old children in Baghdad City, Iraq: A cross-sectional study

Hasanain Faisal Ghazi, Jamsiah Mustafa, Syed Mohamed Al-Junid Syed Junid, Zaleha Md Isa, Mohammed A. Abdalqader

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The unstable geopolitical situation in Iraq since 2003 still affects the health of people, especially children. Several factors may indirectly affect a child's nutritional status. The main aim of this study was to identify factors contributing to malnutrition among 3 to 5 years old children in Baghdad city, Iraq. Two hundred twenty children aged 3 to 5 years were chosen randomly from four kindergartens in Baghdad city according to the cross-sectional design. The nutritional status of the children was assessed using a weight-for-age z-score based on the World Health Organization 2007 cutoff points, in which any child with a z-score of < -2 is considered to be malnourished. The overall prevalence rate of underweight children was 18.2%. There was no significant difference in the prevalence rate between males and females (p=0.797). However, the percentage of underweight children was slightly higher among females (18.9%) compared to males (17.6%). There was no association between parents' educational level or employment status and childhood malnutrition. There was no association between a family's movement from their house and childhood malnutrition (p=0.322). Living in an unsafe neighbourhood and having a family member killed during the past five years were significantly associated with childhood malnutrition (p=0.016 and 0.018 respectively). Childhood malnutrition is still a public-health concern in Baghdad city, especially after the war of 2003. Malnutrition is significantly associated with living in unsafe neighbourhoods and at least one family member having been killed during the past five years.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)350-355
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Health, Population and Nutrition
Volume31
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

Iraq
cross-sectional studies
Malnutrition
malnutrition
Cross-Sectional Studies
childhood
underweight
Thinness
Nutritional Status
nutritional status
kindergarten
Educational Status
World Health Organization
educational status
public health
Public Health
Parents
Weights and Measures
Health

Keywords

  • Children
  • Insecure living environment
  • Iraq
  • Underweight

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Food Science
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

Malnutrition among 3 to 5 years old children in Baghdad City, Iraq : A cross-sectional study. / Ghazi, Hasanain Faisal; Mustafa, Jamsiah; Syed Junid, Syed Mohamed Al-Junid; Md Isa, Zaleha; Abdalqader, Mohammed A.

In: Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition, Vol. 31, No. 3, 2013, p. 350-355.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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