Malaysian oil palm plantation sector

Exploiting renewable energy toward sustainability production

Norasikin Ahmad Ludin, M. Azwan M Bakri, Norman Kamaruddin, Kamaruzzaman Sopian, M. Solah Deraman, Norul Hisham Hamid, Nilofar Asim, Mohd. Yusof Othman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Malaysian palm oil industry spans the entire value chain from upstream processes to downstream activities. This paper aims to review the progress of the palm oil industry and the current issues in the plantation sector, such as labor shortage, sustainable production, and greenhouse gas emission from the cultivation process. Palm oil cultivation is known for its labor-intensive process. Foreign laborers are usually employed in Malaysian palm oil plantations for harvesting, fruit collecting, and general maintenance works. Some issues have affected the supply of workers to Malaysian palm oil plantations. Farm mechanization, which has always been recommended as a tool to reduce dependency on foreign workers, is expected to solve the issues. However, certain considerations should be investigated, such as fuel consumption, to reduce its impacts on the environment. The currently available farm machineries that are frequently used contribute to almost 211 million kg of CO2-eq per year, as diesel consumption stands at 290 million L per year. Therefore, this paper also examines the potential renewable energy resources for the palm oil cultivation process. Exploiting renewable energy technologies in plantation operations, such as battery-powered electric vehicles charged using a solar photovoltaic (PV) system, can reduce up to 750 tonnes of CO2-eq per year. Therefore, this initiative will increase the sustainability of the Malaysian palm oil industry in general.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-15
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
Volume65
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2014

Fingerprint

Palm oil
Sustainable development
plantation
oil industry
sustainability
oil
energy
labor
farm
photovoltaic system
electric vehicle
migrant worker
renewable resource
fuel consumption
Farms
energy resource
diesel
Personnel
greenhouse gas
fruit

Keywords

  • Mechanizations
  • Palm oil
  • Renewable energy
  • Sustainability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Strategy and Management

Cite this

Malaysian oil palm plantation sector : Exploiting renewable energy toward sustainability production. / Ahmad Ludin, Norasikin; Bakri, M. Azwan M; Kamaruddin, Norman; Sopian, Kamaruzzaman; Deraman, M. Solah; Hamid, Norul Hisham; Asim, Nilofar; Othman, Mohd. Yusof.

In: Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol. 65, 15.02.2014, p. 9-15.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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