Magnetohydrodynamic boundary layer flow and heat transfer of nanofluids past a bidirectional exponential permeable stretching/shrinking sheet with viscous dissipation effect

Rahimah Jusoh, Roslinda Mohd. Nazar, Ioan Pop

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The problem of boundary layer flow and heat transfer of magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) nanofluids which consist of Fe3O4, Cu, Al2O3, and TiO2 nanoparticles and water as the base fluid past a bidirectional exponentially permeable stretching/shrinking sheet is studied numerically. The mathematical model of the nanofluid incorporates the effect of viscous dissipation in the energy equation. By employing a suitable similarity transformation, the conservative equations for mass, momentum, and energy are transformed into the ordinary differential equations. These equations are then numerically solved with the utilization of bvp4c function in matlab. The effects of the suction parameter, magnetic parameter, nanoparticle volume fraction parameter, Eckert number, Prandtl number, and temperature exponent parameter to the reduced skin friction coefficient as well as the local Nusselt number are graphically presented. Cu is found to be prominently good in the thermal conductivity. Nevertheless, higher concentration of nanoparticles leads to the deterioration of heat transfer rate. The present result negates the previous literature on thermal conductivity enhancement with the implementation of nanofluid. Stability analysis is conducted since dual solutions exist in this study, and conclusively, the first solution is found to be stable.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012406
JournalJournal of Heat Transfer
Volume141
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

Fingerprint

boundary layer flow
Boundary layer flow
Magnetohydrodynamics
magnetohydrodynamics
Stretching
dissipation
heat transfer
Nanoparticles
Heat transfer
Thermal conductivity
nanoparticles
thermal conductivity
Skin friction
Prandtl number
Nusselt number
Ordinary differential equations
Deterioration
skin friction
Volume fraction
Momentum

Keywords

  • dual solutions
  • magnetohydrodynamic
  • nanofluid
  • stability analysis
  • viscous dissipation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

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abstract = "The problem of boundary layer flow and heat transfer of magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) nanofluids which consist of Fe3O4, Cu, Al2O3, and TiO2 nanoparticles and water as the base fluid past a bidirectional exponentially permeable stretching/shrinking sheet is studied numerically. The mathematical model of the nanofluid incorporates the effect of viscous dissipation in the energy equation. By employing a suitable similarity transformation, the conservative equations for mass, momentum, and energy are transformed into the ordinary differential equations. These equations are then numerically solved with the utilization of bvp4c function in matlab. The effects of the suction parameter, magnetic parameter, nanoparticle volume fraction parameter, Eckert number, Prandtl number, and temperature exponent parameter to the reduced skin friction coefficient as well as the local Nusselt number are graphically presented. Cu is found to be prominently good in the thermal conductivity. Nevertheless, higher concentration of nanoparticles leads to the deterioration of heat transfer rate. The present result negates the previous literature on thermal conductivity enhancement with the implementation of nanofluid. Stability analysis is conducted since dual solutions exist in this study, and conclusively, the first solution is found to be stable.",
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AU - Pop, Ioan

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N2 - The problem of boundary layer flow and heat transfer of magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) nanofluids which consist of Fe3O4, Cu, Al2O3, and TiO2 nanoparticles and water as the base fluid past a bidirectional exponentially permeable stretching/shrinking sheet is studied numerically. The mathematical model of the nanofluid incorporates the effect of viscous dissipation in the energy equation. By employing a suitable similarity transformation, the conservative equations for mass, momentum, and energy are transformed into the ordinary differential equations. These equations are then numerically solved with the utilization of bvp4c function in matlab. The effects of the suction parameter, magnetic parameter, nanoparticle volume fraction parameter, Eckert number, Prandtl number, and temperature exponent parameter to the reduced skin friction coefficient as well as the local Nusselt number are graphically presented. Cu is found to be prominently good in the thermal conductivity. Nevertheless, higher concentration of nanoparticles leads to the deterioration of heat transfer rate. The present result negates the previous literature on thermal conductivity enhancement with the implementation of nanofluid. Stability analysis is conducted since dual solutions exist in this study, and conclusively, the first solution is found to be stable.

AB - The problem of boundary layer flow and heat transfer of magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) nanofluids which consist of Fe3O4, Cu, Al2O3, and TiO2 nanoparticles and water as the base fluid past a bidirectional exponentially permeable stretching/shrinking sheet is studied numerically. The mathematical model of the nanofluid incorporates the effect of viscous dissipation in the energy equation. By employing a suitable similarity transformation, the conservative equations for mass, momentum, and energy are transformed into the ordinary differential equations. These equations are then numerically solved with the utilization of bvp4c function in matlab. The effects of the suction parameter, magnetic parameter, nanoparticle volume fraction parameter, Eckert number, Prandtl number, and temperature exponent parameter to the reduced skin friction coefficient as well as the local Nusselt number are graphically presented. Cu is found to be prominently good in the thermal conductivity. Nevertheless, higher concentration of nanoparticles leads to the deterioration of heat transfer rate. The present result negates the previous literature on thermal conductivity enhancement with the implementation of nanofluid. Stability analysis is conducted since dual solutions exist in this study, and conclusively, the first solution is found to be stable.

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