Macronutrients and sugar content in foods and beverages from three selected zones in Peninsular Malaysia

Rosmawati Dora, Hasnah Haron, Suzana Shahar, Chong Ching Phang, Muhamad Fikri Mohd Fauzi, Mohd Fairulnizal Md Noh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

This study was conducted to determine the content of macronutrients and sugar in 30 types of food selected from three zones in Peninsular Malaysia. The food samples consisted of 14 types of processed foods and beverages, 8 types of fruits and 10 types ready to eat food. Each type of food and drink were purchased from selected restaurants, stores and supermarkets from three different zones which were North zone (Perak), Central zone (Selangor) and South Zone (Johor). Methods used for proximate analysis were based on the standard methods of AOAC (1997) while the total carbohydrate was calculated by difference method. Total calories were calculated using Atwater method. Total sugar content were analysed using high performace liquid chromatography (HPLC). Dietary fibre contents were determined by using a combination of enzyme-gravimetric methods (AOAC 985.29 and AACC 32-05). The results showed that peanut butter has the highest value of fat (44.75 ± 7.59 g/100 g), total calorie (611 ± 38 kcal/100 g) and dietary fibre contents (8.07 ± 0.98 g/100 g). Highest protein content (21.98 ± 2.57 g/100 g) was found in low-fat milk powder. The highest carbohydrate (97.48 ± 1.47 g/100 g) and total sugar (86.7 ± 2.9 g/100 g) contents were found in palm sugar. The results of this study will update and add up to the data for the Malaysian Food Composition Table and can provide useful information in choosing healthy foods based on the nutrient contents of the food.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1557-1562
Number of pages6
JournalSains Malaysiana
Volume47
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2018

Fingerprint

sugar content
Malaysia
beverages
fiber content
Arenga pinnata
dietary fiber
carbohydrates
peanut butter
low fat milk
sugars
ready-to-eat foods
methodology
nutrient databanks
restaurants
dried milk
supermarkets
processed foods
proximate composition
liquid chromatography
foods

Keywords

  • Dietary fibre
  • Food composition database
  • Macronutrients
  • Sugar

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Macronutrients and sugar content in foods and beverages from three selected zones in Peninsular Malaysia. / Dora, Rosmawati; Haron, Hasnah; Shahar, Suzana; Phang, Chong Ching; Mohd Fauzi, Muhamad Fikri; Noh, Mohd Fairulnizal Md.

In: Sains Malaysiana, Vol. 47, No. 7, 01.07.2018, p. 1557-1562.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Dora, Rosmawati ; Haron, Hasnah ; Shahar, Suzana ; Phang, Chong Ching ; Mohd Fauzi, Muhamad Fikri ; Noh, Mohd Fairulnizal Md. / Macronutrients and sugar content in foods and beverages from three selected zones in Peninsular Malaysia. In: Sains Malaysiana. 2018 ; Vol. 47, No. 7. pp. 1557-1562.
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