M-21CSI: A validated 21st century skills instrument for secondary science students

Tuan Mastura Tuan Soh, Kamisah Osman, Nurazidawati Mohamad Arsad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The tremendous change in the 21st century is the emerging nature of a new set of economic and social indicators which eventually capture the changes in structural transformation, technological advance, and competition in the job market. This paper aims to discuss the development and validation process of the Malaysian 21st century skills instrument (M-21CSI) to be used within the teaching and learning of science processes. The M-21CSI consists of five distinctive elements which are: i) Digital age literacy; ii) Inventive thinking; iii) Effective communication; iv) High productivity; and iv) Spiritual value. Through an extensive review of the literature and group discussion, constructs that represent the Malaysian 21st Century Skills were identified and further refined by Two Round Delphi Studies. Subsequent to that, items representing each construct were then drawn up. In order to justify the validity of this instrument, the questionnaire built has been tested its validity by face validity, language and content validity. This then was followed by factor analysis. The reliability of each construct was justified in terms of its internal consistency by means of Cronbach Alpha. Findings of this study confirmed the validity and reliability of the M-21CSI and thus indicated that it is a useful instrument to evaluate the mastery of Malaysian students towards 21st century skills.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)38-44
Number of pages7
JournalAsian Social Science
Volume8
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Fingerprint

science
student
social indicators
group discussion
factor analysis
productivity
literacy
21st Century
questionnaire
communication
market
Teaching
language
learning
economics
Values
literature
Factor analysis
Literacy
Economic indicators

Keywords

  • Digital age literacy
  • Effective communication
  • High productivity
  • Inventive thinking
  • Spiritual values
  • The malaysian 21 century skills instrument (M-21CSI)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences(all)
  • Arts and Humanities(all)
  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)

Cite this

M-21CSI : A validated 21st century skills instrument for secondary science students. / Tuan Soh, Tuan Mastura; Osman, Kamisah; Arsad, Nurazidawati Mohamad.

In: Asian Social Science, Vol. 8, No. 16, 2012, p. 38-44.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{ddd6eeb3e85540d69b9ed59e3eb65fc4,
title = "M-21CSI: A validated 21st century skills instrument for secondary science students",
abstract = "The tremendous change in the 21st century is the emerging nature of a new set of economic and social indicators which eventually capture the changes in structural transformation, technological advance, and competition in the job market. This paper aims to discuss the development and validation process of the Malaysian 21st century skills instrument (M-21CSI) to be used within the teaching and learning of science processes. The M-21CSI consists of five distinctive elements which are: i) Digital age literacy; ii) Inventive thinking; iii) Effective communication; iv) High productivity; and iv) Spiritual value. Through an extensive review of the literature and group discussion, constructs that represent the Malaysian 21st Century Skills were identified and further refined by Two Round Delphi Studies. Subsequent to that, items representing each construct were then drawn up. In order to justify the validity of this instrument, the questionnaire built has been tested its validity by face validity, language and content validity. This then was followed by factor analysis. The reliability of each construct was justified in terms of its internal consistency by means of Cronbach Alpha. Findings of this study confirmed the validity and reliability of the M-21CSI and thus indicated that it is a useful instrument to evaluate the mastery of Malaysian students towards 21st century skills.",
keywords = "Digital age literacy, Effective communication, High productivity, Inventive thinking, Spiritual values, The malaysian 21 century skills instrument (M-21CSI)",
author = "{Tuan Soh}, {Tuan Mastura} and Kamisah Osman and Arsad, {Nurazidawati Mohamad}",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.5539/ass.v8n16p38",
language = "English",
volume = "8",
pages = "38--44",
journal = "Asian Social Science",
issn = "1911-2017",
publisher = "Canadian Center of Science and Education",
number = "16",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - M-21CSI

T2 - A validated 21st century skills instrument for secondary science students

AU - Tuan Soh, Tuan Mastura

AU - Osman, Kamisah

AU - Arsad, Nurazidawati Mohamad

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - The tremendous change in the 21st century is the emerging nature of a new set of economic and social indicators which eventually capture the changes in structural transformation, technological advance, and competition in the job market. This paper aims to discuss the development and validation process of the Malaysian 21st century skills instrument (M-21CSI) to be used within the teaching and learning of science processes. The M-21CSI consists of five distinctive elements which are: i) Digital age literacy; ii) Inventive thinking; iii) Effective communication; iv) High productivity; and iv) Spiritual value. Through an extensive review of the literature and group discussion, constructs that represent the Malaysian 21st Century Skills were identified and further refined by Two Round Delphi Studies. Subsequent to that, items representing each construct were then drawn up. In order to justify the validity of this instrument, the questionnaire built has been tested its validity by face validity, language and content validity. This then was followed by factor analysis. The reliability of each construct was justified in terms of its internal consistency by means of Cronbach Alpha. Findings of this study confirmed the validity and reliability of the M-21CSI and thus indicated that it is a useful instrument to evaluate the mastery of Malaysian students towards 21st century skills.

AB - The tremendous change in the 21st century is the emerging nature of a new set of economic and social indicators which eventually capture the changes in structural transformation, technological advance, and competition in the job market. This paper aims to discuss the development and validation process of the Malaysian 21st century skills instrument (M-21CSI) to be used within the teaching and learning of science processes. The M-21CSI consists of five distinctive elements which are: i) Digital age literacy; ii) Inventive thinking; iii) Effective communication; iv) High productivity; and iv) Spiritual value. Through an extensive review of the literature and group discussion, constructs that represent the Malaysian 21st Century Skills were identified and further refined by Two Round Delphi Studies. Subsequent to that, items representing each construct were then drawn up. In order to justify the validity of this instrument, the questionnaire built has been tested its validity by face validity, language and content validity. This then was followed by factor analysis. The reliability of each construct was justified in terms of its internal consistency by means of Cronbach Alpha. Findings of this study confirmed the validity and reliability of the M-21CSI and thus indicated that it is a useful instrument to evaluate the mastery of Malaysian students towards 21st century skills.

KW - Digital age literacy

KW - Effective communication

KW - High productivity

KW - Inventive thinking

KW - Spiritual values

KW - The malaysian 21 century skills instrument (M-21CSI)

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84870662054&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84870662054&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.5539/ass.v8n16p38

DO - 10.5539/ass.v8n16p38

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84870662054

VL - 8

SP - 38

EP - 44

JO - Asian Social Science

JF - Asian Social Science

SN - 1911-2017

IS - 16

ER -