Lumbar kinematics, functional disability and fear avoidance beliefs among adults with nonspecific chronic low back pain

Nancy G. Jette, Yi L. Lim, Hui L. Lim, Sabarul Afian Mokhtar, Gan Kok Beng, Devinder Kaur Ajit Singh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: This study aimed to examine correlations between lumbar kinematics, functional disability and fear avoidance beliefs among adults with nonspecific chronic low back pain (LBP). Methods: This crosssectional study was conducted between March and December 2014. A total of 32 adults diagnosed with nonspecific chronic LBP were recruited from outpatients attending either an orthopaedic clinic at a university hospital or a private physiotherapy clinic in Malaysia. Lumbar kinematics were measured using sensors attached at the first lumbar (L1) and second sacral (S2) vertebrae levels. The Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire (FABQ) were used to assess degree of functional disability and fear avoidance beliefs, respectively. Results: For maximum range of motion, positive correlations were observed between ODI scores and right lateral flexion and right rotation (P = 0.01 each), although there was a negative correlation with left rotation (P = 0.03). With maximum angular velocity, ODI scores were positively correlated with right and left lateral flexion L1 (P = 0.01 and <0.01, respectively) but negatively correlated with left lateral flexion L2 (P = 0.04). Regarding minimum angular velocity, ODI scores were positively correlated with left lateral flexion S2 (P <0.01) but negatively correlated with right and left lateral flexion L1 (P = 0.02 each), right rotation L1 (P = 0.02) and left rotation S2 (P = 0.01). No significant correlations were found between lumbar kinematics and FABQ scores. Conclusion: These findings suggest that certain lumbar kinematic parameters are correlated with functional disability, but not with fear avoidance beliefs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e430-e436
JournalSultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
Volume16
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2016

Fingerprint

Low Back Pain
Biomechanical Phenomena
Fear
Malaysia
Articular Range of Motion
Orthopedics
Spine
Outpatients
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • Disability evaluation
  • Fear
  • Kinematics
  • Low back pain
  • Lumbar vertebrae

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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title = "Lumbar kinematics, functional disability and fear avoidance beliefs among adults with nonspecific chronic low back pain",
abstract = "Objectives: This study aimed to examine correlations between lumbar kinematics, functional disability and fear avoidance beliefs among adults with nonspecific chronic low back pain (LBP). Methods: This crosssectional study was conducted between March and December 2014. A total of 32 adults diagnosed with nonspecific chronic LBP were recruited from outpatients attending either an orthopaedic clinic at a university hospital or a private physiotherapy clinic in Malaysia. Lumbar kinematics were measured using sensors attached at the first lumbar (L1) and second sacral (S2) vertebrae levels. The Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire (FABQ) were used to assess degree of functional disability and fear avoidance beliefs, respectively. Results: For maximum range of motion, positive correlations were observed between ODI scores and right lateral flexion and right rotation (P = 0.01 each), although there was a negative correlation with left rotation (P = 0.03). With maximum angular velocity, ODI scores were positively correlated with right and left lateral flexion L1 (P = 0.01 and <0.01, respectively) but negatively correlated with left lateral flexion L2 (P = 0.04). Regarding minimum angular velocity, ODI scores were positively correlated with left lateral flexion S2 (P <0.01) but negatively correlated with right and left lateral flexion L1 (P = 0.02 each), right rotation L1 (P = 0.02) and left rotation S2 (P = 0.01). No significant correlations were found between lumbar kinematics and FABQ scores. Conclusion: These findings suggest that certain lumbar kinematic parameters are correlated with functional disability, but not with fear avoidance beliefs.",
keywords = "Disability evaluation, Fear, Kinematics, Low back pain, Lumbar vertebrae",
author = "Jette, {Nancy G.} and Lim, {Yi L.} and Lim, {Hui L.} and Mokhtar, {Sabarul Afian} and {Kok Beng}, Gan and {Ajit Singh}, {Devinder Kaur}",
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T1 - Lumbar kinematics, functional disability and fear avoidance beliefs among adults with nonspecific chronic low back pain

AU - Jette, Nancy G.

AU - Lim, Yi L.

AU - Lim, Hui L.

AU - Mokhtar, Sabarul Afian

AU - Kok Beng, Gan

AU - Ajit Singh, Devinder Kaur

PY - 2016/11/1

Y1 - 2016/11/1

N2 - Objectives: This study aimed to examine correlations between lumbar kinematics, functional disability and fear avoidance beliefs among adults with nonspecific chronic low back pain (LBP). Methods: This crosssectional study was conducted between March and December 2014. A total of 32 adults diagnosed with nonspecific chronic LBP were recruited from outpatients attending either an orthopaedic clinic at a university hospital or a private physiotherapy clinic in Malaysia. Lumbar kinematics were measured using sensors attached at the first lumbar (L1) and second sacral (S2) vertebrae levels. The Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire (FABQ) were used to assess degree of functional disability and fear avoidance beliefs, respectively. Results: For maximum range of motion, positive correlations were observed between ODI scores and right lateral flexion and right rotation (P = 0.01 each), although there was a negative correlation with left rotation (P = 0.03). With maximum angular velocity, ODI scores were positively correlated with right and left lateral flexion L1 (P = 0.01 and <0.01, respectively) but negatively correlated with left lateral flexion L2 (P = 0.04). Regarding minimum angular velocity, ODI scores were positively correlated with left lateral flexion S2 (P <0.01) but negatively correlated with right and left lateral flexion L1 (P = 0.02 each), right rotation L1 (P = 0.02) and left rotation S2 (P = 0.01). No significant correlations were found between lumbar kinematics and FABQ scores. Conclusion: These findings suggest that certain lumbar kinematic parameters are correlated with functional disability, but not with fear avoidance beliefs.

AB - Objectives: This study aimed to examine correlations between lumbar kinematics, functional disability and fear avoidance beliefs among adults with nonspecific chronic low back pain (LBP). Methods: This crosssectional study was conducted between March and December 2014. A total of 32 adults diagnosed with nonspecific chronic LBP were recruited from outpatients attending either an orthopaedic clinic at a university hospital or a private physiotherapy clinic in Malaysia. Lumbar kinematics were measured using sensors attached at the first lumbar (L1) and second sacral (S2) vertebrae levels. The Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire (FABQ) were used to assess degree of functional disability and fear avoidance beliefs, respectively. Results: For maximum range of motion, positive correlations were observed between ODI scores and right lateral flexion and right rotation (P = 0.01 each), although there was a negative correlation with left rotation (P = 0.03). With maximum angular velocity, ODI scores were positively correlated with right and left lateral flexion L1 (P = 0.01 and <0.01, respectively) but negatively correlated with left lateral flexion L2 (P = 0.04). Regarding minimum angular velocity, ODI scores were positively correlated with left lateral flexion S2 (P <0.01) but negatively correlated with right and left lateral flexion L1 (P = 0.02 each), right rotation L1 (P = 0.02) and left rotation S2 (P = 0.01). No significant correlations were found between lumbar kinematics and FABQ scores. Conclusion: These findings suggest that certain lumbar kinematic parameters are correlated with functional disability, but not with fear avoidance beliefs.

KW - Disability evaluation

KW - Fear

KW - Kinematics

KW - Low back pain

KW - Lumbar vertebrae

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