Lower level of physical activity predisposes iranian adolescent girls to obesity and its metabolic consequences

Naghmeh Zahra Mirhosseini, Suzana Shahar, Nooraini Mohd Yusoff, Majid M. Ghayour-Mobarhan, Ali Reza Derakhshan, Mohamad Taghi Shakery

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Physical activity has been investigated among Asian populations as a factor that influences the clustering of cardiovascular risk factors. However, the magnitude of these associations has not been well studied among adolescents, particularly in Middle East countries. This study aimed to investigate associations between physical activity level, metabolic abnormalities and body composition among adolescent girls in Iran. Socio-demographic and physical activity information were assessed using selfadministered questionnaire in 538 adolescent girls aged 15-18 years from Mashhad high schools. Anthropometric, blood pressure and biochemical assessment were performed. Bioelectrical Impedance Analyses was applied to measure total and regional fat mass. The prevalence of overweight, obesity and metabolic syndrome was 14.6, 3.4 and 6.5% respectively. Subjects with lower levels of physical activity had higher anthropometric indices, fat mass, fat free mass and metabolic abnormalities especially systolic blood pressure. There were inverse correlations between physical activity with hypertension, dyslipidemia and body composition parameters. Physical activity was negatively associated with weight (%R = 2.8 B = -0.168, p<0.0001), systolic blood pressure (%R = 3.9 B = -0.158, p<0.0001), triglyceride concentration (%R = 3.9 B = -0.106, p<0.018) and fat free mass (%R = 4.2 B = -0.205, p<0.0001) after adjusting for age and socioeconomic status of family. Subjects with metabolic syndrome had lower levels of physical activity (1.37 vs 1.39, p<0.05) and higher basal metabolic rate (1426 kcal vs 1360, p<0.0001). To avoid increasing risk of cardiovascular diseases, programs to promote greater physical activity should be implemented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)728-734
Number of pages7
JournalPakistan Journal of Nutrition
Volume10
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Fingerprint

physical activity
obesity
Obesity
Exercise
Blood Pressure
Fats
metabolic syndrome
systolic blood pressure
Body Composition
body composition
lipids
Basal Metabolism
high schools
Middle East
bioelectrical impedance
basal metabolic rate
hyperlipidemia
socioeconomic status
Dyslipidemias
Iran

Keywords

  • Adolescence
  • Body composition
  • Cardiovascular abnormalities
  • Girls
  • Obesity
  • Physical activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Lower level of physical activity predisposes iranian adolescent girls to obesity and its metabolic consequences. / Mirhosseini, Naghmeh Zahra; Shahar, Suzana; Yusoff, Nooraini Mohd; Ghayour-Mobarhan, Majid M.; Derakhshan, Ali Reza; Shakery, Mohamad Taghi.

In: Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 10, No. 8, 2011, p. 728-734.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mirhosseini, Naghmeh Zahra ; Shahar, Suzana ; Yusoff, Nooraini Mohd ; Ghayour-Mobarhan, Majid M. ; Derakhshan, Ali Reza ; Shakery, Mohamad Taghi. / Lower level of physical activity predisposes iranian adolescent girls to obesity and its metabolic consequences. In: Pakistan Journal of Nutrition. 2011 ; Vol. 10, No. 8. pp. 728-734.
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