Low-glycaemic index diet to improve dietary intake among women with gestational diabetes mellitus

A. S. Farhanah, M. Y. Barakatun Nisak, M. S. Zalilah, Nor Azlin Mohamed Ismail

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study examines the effect of a low glycaemic index (LGI) intervention to improve dietary intake among women with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM). Women with GDM were randomised to receive either a low GI intervention (LGI; n = 20) or standard nutrition therapy (SNT; n = 20) for a 4-week period. Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) and Three-Day Diet Record assessed the dietary intake and food choices. Dietary intake and food choices of the participants were comparable at baseline. At the end of the study, energy, protein, fat and carbohydrate were reduced in both groups (p < 0.05). In the LGI group, fibre and calcium intake was higher compared with SNT group. More participants in the LGI group consumed rice from the low GI varieties, the whole grain breads and the low GI biscuits (p<0.05) compared with participants in the SNT group. The diet GI reduced significantly in the LGI group (50 ± 9 units) compared with the SNT group (57 ± 6) (p < 0.05). Findings showed low GI dietary intervention improved the dietary intake of women with GDM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-42
Number of pages12
JournalPertanika Journal of Science and Technology
Volume25
Issue numberS7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2017

Fingerprint

gestational diabetes
Glycemic Index
glycemic index
Gestational Diabetes
diabetes
Nutrition
Medical problems
food intake
diet
Diet
food choices
food
Carbohydrates
Oils and fats
Eating
Calcium
Nutrition Therapy
Diet Records
Fats
biscuits

Keywords

  • Carbohydrate
  • Dietary intake
  • Gestational Diabetes Mellitus
  • Low glycaemic index

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Low-glycaemic index diet to improve dietary intake among women with gestational diabetes mellitus. / Farhanah, A. S.; Barakatun Nisak, M. Y.; Zalilah, M. S.; Mohamed Ismail, Nor Azlin.

In: Pertanika Journal of Science and Technology, Vol. 25, No. S7, 01.07.2017, p. 31-42.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{7d01b95221df4c809d4e14746bad5fa9,
title = "Low-glycaemic index diet to improve dietary intake among women with gestational diabetes mellitus",
abstract = "This study examines the effect of a low glycaemic index (LGI) intervention to improve dietary intake among women with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM). Women with GDM were randomised to receive either a low GI intervention (LGI; n = 20) or standard nutrition therapy (SNT; n = 20) for a 4-week period. Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) and Three-Day Diet Record assessed the dietary intake and food choices. Dietary intake and food choices of the participants were comparable at baseline. At the end of the study, energy, protein, fat and carbohydrate were reduced in both groups (p < 0.05). In the LGI group, fibre and calcium intake was higher compared with SNT group. More participants in the LGI group consumed rice from the low GI varieties, the whole grain breads and the low GI biscuits (p<0.05) compared with participants in the SNT group. The diet GI reduced significantly in the LGI group (50 ± 9 units) compared with the SNT group (57 ± 6) (p < 0.05). Findings showed low GI dietary intervention improved the dietary intake of women with GDM.",
keywords = "Carbohydrate, Dietary intake, Gestational Diabetes Mellitus, Low glycaemic index",
author = "Farhanah, {A. S.} and {Barakatun Nisak}, {M. Y.} and Zalilah, {M. S.} and {Mohamed Ismail}, {Nor Azlin}",
year = "2017",
month = "7",
day = "1",
language = "English",
volume = "25",
pages = "31--42",
journal = "Pertanika Journal of Science and Technology",
issn = "0128-7680",
publisher = "Universiti Putra Malaysia",
number = "S7",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Low-glycaemic index diet to improve dietary intake among women with gestational diabetes mellitus

AU - Farhanah, A. S.

AU - Barakatun Nisak, M. Y.

AU - Zalilah, M. S.

AU - Mohamed Ismail, Nor Azlin

PY - 2017/7/1

Y1 - 2017/7/1

N2 - This study examines the effect of a low glycaemic index (LGI) intervention to improve dietary intake among women with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM). Women with GDM were randomised to receive either a low GI intervention (LGI; n = 20) or standard nutrition therapy (SNT; n = 20) for a 4-week period. Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) and Three-Day Diet Record assessed the dietary intake and food choices. Dietary intake and food choices of the participants were comparable at baseline. At the end of the study, energy, protein, fat and carbohydrate were reduced in both groups (p < 0.05). In the LGI group, fibre and calcium intake was higher compared with SNT group. More participants in the LGI group consumed rice from the low GI varieties, the whole grain breads and the low GI biscuits (p<0.05) compared with participants in the SNT group. The diet GI reduced significantly in the LGI group (50 ± 9 units) compared with the SNT group (57 ± 6) (p < 0.05). Findings showed low GI dietary intervention improved the dietary intake of women with GDM.

AB - This study examines the effect of a low glycaemic index (LGI) intervention to improve dietary intake among women with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM). Women with GDM were randomised to receive either a low GI intervention (LGI; n = 20) or standard nutrition therapy (SNT; n = 20) for a 4-week period. Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) and Three-Day Diet Record assessed the dietary intake and food choices. Dietary intake and food choices of the participants were comparable at baseline. At the end of the study, energy, protein, fat and carbohydrate were reduced in both groups (p < 0.05). In the LGI group, fibre and calcium intake was higher compared with SNT group. More participants in the LGI group consumed rice from the low GI varieties, the whole grain breads and the low GI biscuits (p<0.05) compared with participants in the SNT group. The diet GI reduced significantly in the LGI group (50 ± 9 units) compared with the SNT group (57 ± 6) (p < 0.05). Findings showed low GI dietary intervention improved the dietary intake of women with GDM.

KW - Carbohydrate

KW - Dietary intake

KW - Gestational Diabetes Mellitus

KW - Low glycaemic index

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85049144267&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85049144267&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85049144267

VL - 25

SP - 31

EP - 42

JO - Pertanika Journal of Science and Technology

JF - Pertanika Journal of Science and Technology

SN - 0128-7680

IS - S7

ER -