Long term strategy for electricity generation in Peninsular Malaysia - Analysis of cost and carbon footprint using MESSAGE

S. M C Fairuz, M. Y. Sulaiman, Chin Haw Lim, Sohif Mat, B. Ali, O. Saadatian, Mohd Hafidz Ruslan, Elias @ Ilias Salleh, Kamaruzzaman Sopian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Malaysia envisages becoming a developed nation by 2020. To sustain industrial expansion and attract investments Malaysia must introduce new energy strategies. These strategies should also moderate carbon footprint. The new energy strategies introduced by the government are (i) installation of nuclear power plant by 2021, (ii) import of Sarawak hydropower from 2015 and (iii) enhancement of use of renewable energy from 2015. In this paper we analyze the cost and resulting carbon footprint of energy expansion for 12 energy scenes (inclusive of new strategies) to produce electricity for Peninsular Malaysia for the period 2009-2030. We use a computer model MESSAGE to provide optimization. The best strategy is for the following accumulated percentage of energy resource in the fuel mix: 49.3% (natural gas), 28.4% (coal), 4.06% (nuclear), 2.98% (hydropower), 4.45% (renewable), 10.82% (import hydropower). The minimum cost of expanding this strategy from 2009 until 2030 is USD6.090B. The CO2 emission index of this strategy is 0.329t/MWh. The accumulated carbon dioxide emission for this period is 1825.96MtonCO2eq.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)493-502
Number of pages10
JournalEnergy Policy
Volume62
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2013

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Carbon footprint
carbon footprint
electricity generation
Electricity
Energy resources
cost
Nuclear power plants
energy
Costs
Natural gas
Carbon dioxide
Coal
import
energy resource
nuclear power plant
natural gas
electricity
carbon dioxide
analysis
coal

Keywords

  • Carbon footprint
  • Energy strategy
  • MESSAGE

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy(all)
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Cite this

Long term strategy for electricity generation in Peninsular Malaysia - Analysis of cost and carbon footprint using MESSAGE. / Fairuz, S. M C; Sulaiman, M. Y.; Lim, Chin Haw; Mat, Sohif; Ali, B.; Saadatian, O.; Ruslan, Mohd Hafidz; Salleh, Elias @ Ilias; Sopian, Kamaruzzaman.

In: Energy Policy, Vol. 62, 11.2013, p. 493-502.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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