Lithic technology and material culture of Hoabinhian and Neolithic settlement in the Lubang Kelawar Batu Tambah Cave

Wan Noor Shamimi Wan Azhar, Zuliskandar Ramli, Azimah Hussin, Ruzairy Arbi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Lubang Kelawar Batu Cave is a site located in Hulu Kelantan, which was once a stopover for the prehistoric society. The importance of Lubang Kelawar Batu Tambah Cave was recognized after the discovery of cave paintings on the walls, the discovery of lithic tools, and ecofact at the surface of the soil based on the results from earlier surveys. This study was conducted to examine the environment and material culture of the Hoabinhian and Neolithic settlement in the Lubang Kelawar Batu Tambah Cave. The method used in this study is more focused on archaeological excavation methods based on grid systems. This study will focus on the environment and culture of the people who had lived in the aforementioned cave and made it as a stopover and shelter based on archeological findings, such as artifacts consisting of lithic tools, earthenware, and ecofacts (such as snail shells and animal bones and cave paintings). The lithic tools found at the site were an anvil, hammer stones, chopper tools, handaxe, grinding stone, Sumatralith, chisels, borer, and west flake; whereas cave paintings were mostly motivated zoomorphic, anthropomorphic, and flora. As a result of these findings, it can be identified that the site was once a stopover and shelter for the Hoabinhians and Neolithic communities. Therefore, this study is considered as an important means in contributing to the understanding of the settlement and the community's activities at the time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1244-1252
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Technology
Volume9
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018

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Caves
Painting
Grinding wheels
Hammers
Excavation
Bone
Animals
Soils

Keywords

  • Lithic tools
  • Lubang Kelawar Batu Tambah Cave
  • Rock art
  • Stone tools

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

Lithic technology and material culture of Hoabinhian and Neolithic settlement in the Lubang Kelawar Batu Tambah Cave. / Azhar, Wan Noor Shamimi Wan; Ramli, Zuliskandar; Hussin, Azimah; Arbi, Ruzairy.

In: International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Technology, Vol. 9, No. 13, 01.12.2018, p. 1244-1252.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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