Life cycle inventory for palm based plywood: A gate-to-gate case study

Shamim Ahmad, Ismail Sahid, Vijaya Subramaniam, Halimah Muhamad, Anis Mokhtar

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The oil palm industry heavily relies on the world market. It is essential to ensure that the oil palm industry is ready to meet the demands and expectation of these overseas customers on the environmental performance of the oil palm industry. Malaysia produces 13.9 million tons of oil palm biomass including oil palm trunk (OPT), frond and empty fruits bunches (EFB) annually. OPT felled in some oil palm plantations during replanting is transported to various industries and one such industry is the plywood factories. In order to gauge the environmental performance of the use of OPT as plywood a Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) study was conducted for palm based plywood. LCA is an important tool to assess the environmental performance of a product or process. Life cycle inventory (LCI) is the heart of a LCA study. This LCI study has a gate-to-gate system boundary and the functional unit is 1 m3 palm plywood produced and covers three types of plywood; Moisture Resistance Plywood (MR), Weather Boiling Proof Plywood Grade 1 (WBP Grade 1) at Factory D and Weather Boiling Proof Plywood Grade 2 (WBP Grade 2) at Factory E. Both factories use two different types of drying processes; conventional drying at Factory D and kiln drying at Factory E. This inventory data was collected from two factories (D and E) representing 40% of Malaysia palm plywood industry. The inputs are mainly the raw materials which are the oil palm trunks and tropical wood veneers and the energy from diesel and electricity from grid which is mainly used for the drying process. The other inputs include water, urea formaldehyde, phenol formaldehyde, flour and melamine powder. The outputs are the biomass waste which consists of oil palm trunk off-cut and emission from boiler. Generally, all types of plywood production use almost same materials and processing methods in different quantities. Due to the different process efficiency, Factory D uses less input of raw materials and energy compared to Factory E.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAIP Conference Proceedings
Pages569-575
Number of pages7
Volume1571
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Event2013 UKM Faculty of Science and Technology Post-Graduate Colloquium - Selangor
Duration: 3 Jul 20134 Jul 2013

Other

Other2013 UKM Faculty of Science and Technology Post-Graduate Colloquium
CitySelangor
Period3/7/134/7/13

Fingerprint

plywood
industrial plants
oils
cycles
industries
drying
Malaysia
biomass
weather
boiling
grade
moisture resistance
veneers
phenol formaldehyde
flour
melamine
fruits
boilers
electricity
formaldehyde

Keywords

  • Life cycle inventory
  • Oil palm
  • Plywood

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Ahmad, S., Sahid, I., Subramaniam, V., Muhamad, H., & Mokhtar, A. (2013). Life cycle inventory for palm based plywood: A gate-to-gate case study. In AIP Conference Proceedings (Vol. 1571, pp. 569-575) https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4858715

Life cycle inventory for palm based plywood : A gate-to-gate case study. / Ahmad, Shamim; Sahid, Ismail; Subramaniam, Vijaya; Muhamad, Halimah; Mokhtar, Anis.

AIP Conference Proceedings. Vol. 1571 2013. p. 569-575.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Ahmad, S, Sahid, I, Subramaniam, V, Muhamad, H & Mokhtar, A 2013, Life cycle inventory for palm based plywood: A gate-to-gate case study. in AIP Conference Proceedings. vol. 1571, pp. 569-575, 2013 UKM Faculty of Science and Technology Post-Graduate Colloquium, Selangor, 3/7/13. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4858715
Ahmad S, Sahid I, Subramaniam V, Muhamad H, Mokhtar A. Life cycle inventory for palm based plywood: A gate-to-gate case study. In AIP Conference Proceedings. Vol. 1571. 2013. p. 569-575 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4858715
Ahmad, Shamim ; Sahid, Ismail ; Subramaniam, Vijaya ; Muhamad, Halimah ; Mokhtar, Anis. / Life cycle inventory for palm based plywood : A gate-to-gate case study. AIP Conference Proceedings. Vol. 1571 2013. pp. 569-575
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