Variasi Kata Ganti Nama Dialek di Pesisir Sungai Perak

Analisis Geographical Information System (GIS)

Translated title of the contribution: Lexical variations of dialectal pronouns along the perak riverfront: The geogaphical information system analysis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examines the variations of lexical pronoun of the first person ‘I’ (saya)”, second person ‘you’ (kamu) and third person ‘they’ (mereka) of Malay dialects spoken along the Perak Riverfront area. The analysis is based on geo-dialectology study which employs linguistics and nonlinguistic information such as the geographical factors, boundaries, migration and history. A total of 200 respondents comprising 100 old citizens and 100 adults were selected from 20 different villages. They were interviewed and asked to complete the established questionnaires. The given data were analyzed by a technology-driven analysing tool called Geographic Information System (GIS). The study accomplishes its objective which aims to identify the usage of lexical variations involving the three personal pronouns spoken along the Perak Riverfront area. In addition, the distribution of each lexical variant produced by GIS can perceptibly be mapped and compared. Subsequently, the application of GIS serves to explicate the role of geographical factors in determining the formation and distribution of lexical variations for the three personal pronouns in the area. The GIS software is an effective tool in assisting the researcher to present and display the map of each variation and the highest lexical variant of personal pronouns of the Malay dialect spoken along the Perak Riverfront. This study offers an empirical evidence that Central Perak is the authentic vicinity of the Perak dialect with a precise geographical boundaries as compared to previous studies. Evidently, a few villages in Central Perak speak Kuala Kangsar variant due to the topographic and migration factors. Simultaneously, exist three variants for mereka (they), that are /demε/ for Kuala Kangsar, /demε/ for Central Perak and /depa/ for Kedah dialect. It is assumed that /de/ has become the basic syllable for the pronoun ‘they’ (mereka) variants. To conclude, the description of the Malay dialect and its distribution along the Perak Riverfront can be depicted adequately and systematically by using the GIS tool. Non- linguistic factors such as topography, geographical boundaries, migration and history play significant roles in determining the distribution of a given dialect.

Original languageMalay
Pages (from-to)109-123
Number of pages15
JournalGEMA Online Journal of Language Studies
Volume16
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2016

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systems analysis
dialect
information system
geographical factors
migration
human being
village
linguistics
role play
history
Geographic Information Systems
Information Systems
Pronoun
geography
citizen
questionnaire
Personal Pronouns
evidence
Village

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Literature and Literary Theory
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language

Cite this

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title = "Variasi Kata Ganti Nama Dialek di Pesisir Sungai Perak: Analisis Geographical Information System (GIS)",
abstract = "This study examines the variations of lexical pronoun of the first person ‘I’ (saya)”, second person ‘you’ (kamu) and third person ‘they’ (mereka) of Malay dialects spoken along the Perak Riverfront area. The analysis is based on geo-dialectology study which employs linguistics and nonlinguistic information such as the geographical factors, boundaries, migration and history. A total of 200 respondents comprising 100 old citizens and 100 adults were selected from 20 different villages. They were interviewed and asked to complete the established questionnaires. The given data were analyzed by a technology-driven analysing tool called Geographic Information System (GIS). The study accomplishes its objective which aims to identify the usage of lexical variations involving the three personal pronouns spoken along the Perak Riverfront area. In addition, the distribution of each lexical variant produced by GIS can perceptibly be mapped and compared. Subsequently, the application of GIS serves to explicate the role of geographical factors in determining the formation and distribution of lexical variations for the three personal pronouns in the area. The GIS software is an effective tool in assisting the researcher to present and display the map of each variation and the highest lexical variant of personal pronouns of the Malay dialect spoken along the Perak Riverfront. This study offers an empirical evidence that Central Perak is the authentic vicinity of the Perak dialect with a precise geographical boundaries as compared to previous studies. Evidently, a few villages in Central Perak speak Kuala Kangsar variant due to the topographic and migration factors. Simultaneously, exist three variants for mereka (they), that are /demε/ for Kuala Kangsar, /demε/ for Central Perak and /depa/ for Kedah dialect. It is assumed that /de/ has become the basic syllable for the pronoun ‘they’ (mereka) variants. To conclude, the description of the Malay dialect and its distribution along the Perak Riverfront can be depicted adequately and systematically by using the GIS tool. Non- linguistic factors such as topography, geographical boundaries, migration and history play significant roles in determining the distribution of a given dialect.",
keywords = "Dialect, Dialect geography, GIS, Lexical variations, Pronouns",
author = "Jalaluddin, {Nor Hashimah} and Norlisafina Sanit and Zaharani Ahmad and Harishon Radzi",
year = "2016",
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AU - Sanit, Norlisafina

AU - Ahmad, Zaharani

AU - Radzi, Harishon

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N2 - This study examines the variations of lexical pronoun of the first person ‘I’ (saya)”, second person ‘you’ (kamu) and third person ‘they’ (mereka) of Malay dialects spoken along the Perak Riverfront area. The analysis is based on geo-dialectology study which employs linguistics and nonlinguistic information such as the geographical factors, boundaries, migration and history. A total of 200 respondents comprising 100 old citizens and 100 adults were selected from 20 different villages. They were interviewed and asked to complete the established questionnaires. The given data were analyzed by a technology-driven analysing tool called Geographic Information System (GIS). The study accomplishes its objective which aims to identify the usage of lexical variations involving the three personal pronouns spoken along the Perak Riverfront area. In addition, the distribution of each lexical variant produced by GIS can perceptibly be mapped and compared. Subsequently, the application of GIS serves to explicate the role of geographical factors in determining the formation and distribution of lexical variations for the three personal pronouns in the area. The GIS software is an effective tool in assisting the researcher to present and display the map of each variation and the highest lexical variant of personal pronouns of the Malay dialect spoken along the Perak Riverfront. This study offers an empirical evidence that Central Perak is the authentic vicinity of the Perak dialect with a precise geographical boundaries as compared to previous studies. Evidently, a few villages in Central Perak speak Kuala Kangsar variant due to the topographic and migration factors. Simultaneously, exist three variants for mereka (they), that are /demε/ for Kuala Kangsar, /demε/ for Central Perak and /depa/ for Kedah dialect. It is assumed that /de/ has become the basic syllable for the pronoun ‘they’ (mereka) variants. To conclude, the description of the Malay dialect and its distribution along the Perak Riverfront can be depicted adequately and systematically by using the GIS tool. Non- linguistic factors such as topography, geographical boundaries, migration and history play significant roles in determining the distribution of a given dialect.

AB - This study examines the variations of lexical pronoun of the first person ‘I’ (saya)”, second person ‘you’ (kamu) and third person ‘they’ (mereka) of Malay dialects spoken along the Perak Riverfront area. The analysis is based on geo-dialectology study which employs linguistics and nonlinguistic information such as the geographical factors, boundaries, migration and history. A total of 200 respondents comprising 100 old citizens and 100 adults were selected from 20 different villages. They were interviewed and asked to complete the established questionnaires. The given data were analyzed by a technology-driven analysing tool called Geographic Information System (GIS). The study accomplishes its objective which aims to identify the usage of lexical variations involving the three personal pronouns spoken along the Perak Riverfront area. In addition, the distribution of each lexical variant produced by GIS can perceptibly be mapped and compared. Subsequently, the application of GIS serves to explicate the role of geographical factors in determining the formation and distribution of lexical variations for the three personal pronouns in the area. The GIS software is an effective tool in assisting the researcher to present and display the map of each variation and the highest lexical variant of personal pronouns of the Malay dialect spoken along the Perak Riverfront. This study offers an empirical evidence that Central Perak is the authentic vicinity of the Perak dialect with a precise geographical boundaries as compared to previous studies. Evidently, a few villages in Central Perak speak Kuala Kangsar variant due to the topographic and migration factors. Simultaneously, exist three variants for mereka (they), that are /demε/ for Kuala Kangsar, /demε/ for Central Perak and /depa/ for Kedah dialect. It is assumed that /de/ has become the basic syllable for the pronoun ‘they’ (mereka) variants. To conclude, the description of the Malay dialect and its distribution along the Perak Riverfront can be depicted adequately and systematically by using the GIS tool. Non- linguistic factors such as topography, geographical boundaries, migration and history play significant roles in determining the distribution of a given dialect.

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