Tahap Pengetahuan Pemakanan dan Kesedaran Kesihatan di Kalangan Pesakit Diabetes Mellitus di Klinik Kesihatan, Cheras, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Translated title of the contribution: Level of nutritional knowledge and health awareness among diabetes mellitus patients at cheras health clinic, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Lim Ching Ju, Suzana Shahar, Hanis Mastura Yahya, Teh Sin Ching, Nor Shazwani Mohd Nor, Lim Hwa Chuo, Mohd Fauzee Mohd Zaki, Dahlia Salehuddin, Norliza Mukhsan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Poor glycaemic control among diabetic patient often relates to poor nutrition knowledge. The present study in vestigated level of nutrition knowledge and health awareness among diabetic patients at Cheras Health Clinic. A total of 132 respondents (62 men and 70 women) were divided into two categories, adults (30 - 69 years old) (50.8%) and elderly (60years and above) (49.2%) were involved in this research. An interview based questionnaire was used to collect data of demographic, socioeconomic, level of nutrition knowledge and health awareness. Anthropometric measurements were also recorded. The respondents consisted of 36.4% Malays, 455% Chinese and 182% Indians. Majority of the respondents had poor glycaemic control (93.6%). Overall, 37.1 % respondents were categorized as having poor nutrition knowledge, followed by31.8% moderate and only 31.1% good. Adults showed a higher (65.6 ±22.1%) nutrition knowledge score than elderly (505 ± 22.9%) (p<0.05). Besides, respondents with formal education also showed a higher (60.7 ± 225%) nutrition knowledge score than those without formal education (26.9 ± 12.7%) (p<0.05). Majority respondents answered 'incorrectly' to question regarding foods to be consumed most (72.0%) and 'did not know'foods that were needed to repair body tissues (44.7%). Respondents who had made an effort in finding nutrition information, willing to join health program, bought health insurance and had received dietary advise showed higher nutrition knowledge score (p<0.05). In conclusion, nutritional knowledge and health awareness among diabetic patients were poor. Therefore, an intervention program and health promotion are needed to be carried out to improve health awareness and nutrition knowledge among patients with diabetis mellitus type 11.

Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)505-511
Number of pages7
JournalSains Malaysiana
Volume39
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2010

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Malaysia
Diabetes Mellitus
Health
Education
Food
Surveys and Questionnaires
Health Insurance
Health Promotion
Demography
Interviews
Research

Keywords

  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Health awareness
  • Health clinic
  • Nutrition knowledge

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Tahap Pengetahuan Pemakanan dan Kesedaran Kesihatan di Kalangan Pesakit Diabetes Mellitus di Klinik Kesihatan, Cheras, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. / Ju, Lim Ching; Shahar, Suzana; Yahya, Hanis Mastura; Ching, Teh Sin; Nor, Nor Shazwani Mohd; Chuo, Lim Hwa; Zaki, Mohd Fauzee Mohd; Salehuddin, Dahlia; Mukhsan, Norliza.

In: Sains Malaysiana, Vol. 39, No. 3, 06.2010, p. 505-511.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ju, Lim Ching ; Shahar, Suzana ; Yahya, Hanis Mastura ; Ching, Teh Sin ; Nor, Nor Shazwani Mohd ; Chuo, Lim Hwa ; Zaki, Mohd Fauzee Mohd ; Salehuddin, Dahlia ; Mukhsan, Norliza. / Tahap Pengetahuan Pemakanan dan Kesedaran Kesihatan di Kalangan Pesakit Diabetes Mellitus di Klinik Kesihatan, Cheras, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. In: Sains Malaysiana. 2010 ; Vol. 39, No. 3. pp. 505-511.
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abstract = "Poor glycaemic control among diabetic patient often relates to poor nutrition knowledge. The present study in vestigated level of nutrition knowledge and health awareness among diabetic patients at Cheras Health Clinic. A total of 132 respondents (62 men and 70 women) were divided into two categories, adults (30 - 69 years old) (50.8{\%}) and elderly (60years and above) (49.2{\%}) were involved in this research. An interview based questionnaire was used to collect data of demographic, socioeconomic, level of nutrition knowledge and health awareness. Anthropometric measurements were also recorded. The respondents consisted of 36.4{\%} Malays, 455{\%} Chinese and 182{\%} Indians. Majority of the respondents had poor glycaemic control (93.6{\%}). Overall, 37.1 {\%} respondents were categorized as having poor nutrition knowledge, followed by31.8{\%} moderate and only 31.1{\%} good. Adults showed a higher (65.6 ±22.1{\%}) nutrition knowledge score than elderly (505 ± 22.9{\%}) (p<0.05). Besides, respondents with formal education also showed a higher (60.7 ± 225{\%}) nutrition knowledge score than those without formal education (26.9 ± 12.7{\%}) (p<0.05). Majority respondents answered 'incorrectly' to question regarding foods to be consumed most (72.0{\%}) and 'did not know'foods that were needed to repair body tissues (44.7{\%}). Respondents who had made an effort in finding nutrition information, willing to join health program, bought health insurance and had received dietary advise showed higher nutrition knowledge score (p<0.05). In conclusion, nutritional knowledge and health awareness among diabetic patients were poor. Therefore, an intervention program and health promotion are needed to be carried out to improve health awareness and nutrition knowledge among patients with diabetis mellitus type 11.",
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