Left ventricular hypertrophy and chronic fluid overload in peritoneal dialysis patients

Rizna Abdul Cader, Osama Ali Ibrahim, Samir Paul, Abdul Halim Abdul Gafor, Rozita Mohd

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of mortality in dialysis patients with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) being an important predictor of mortality. We wanted to determine the prevalence of LVH in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients and factors contributing to it. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study assessing LVH using echocardiogram in PD patients. Left ventricular mass index (LVMI) was calculated to determine LVH. Chronic fluid overload (overhydration) was assessed using the body composition monitor, and blood pressure (BP) was measured using 24-h ambulatory BP monitoring. Results: Thirty-one patients (21 females:10 males, 48.97 ± 14.50 years and dialysis vintage 40.0 ± 28.9 months) were studied. More than two-thirds (77.4 %) were hypertensive, and a third (35.5 %) were diabetic. Baseline data included mean serum albumin (37.34 ± 4.43 g/l), weekly Kt/V (2.02 ± 0.23), residual renal function of 68 (0-880) ml and ultrafiltration of 1,606.9 ± 548.6 ml. Majority of patients (80.6 %) had LVH on echocardiogram with LVMI of 136.5 ± 37.8 g/m2 and overhydration of 2.23 ± 1.77 l. Average systolic BP, diastolic BP and mean arterial pressure were 141.2 ± 23.3, 90.8 ± 19.7 and 107.6 ± 19.6 mmHg, respectively. Patients with LVH had a lower serum albumin (p = 0.003), were more overhydrated (p = 0.010) and were on higher number of anti-hypertensive agents (p ≤ 0.001). Predictors of LVMI were overhydration (p = 0.002), the presence of diabetes (p = 0.008) and the number of anti-hypertensive agents used (p = 0.026). However, overhydration (p = 0.007) was the main predictor of LVH on multivariate analysis. Conclusion: Overhydration is strongly associated with LVH in PD patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1209-1215
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Urology and Nephrology
Volume46
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Left Ventricular Hypertrophy
Peritoneal Dialysis
Blood Pressure
Serum Albumin
Antihypertensive Agents
Dialysis
Blood Pressure Monitors
Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring
Mortality
Ultrafiltration
Body Composition
Arterial Pressure
Cardiovascular Diseases
Multivariate Analysis
Cross-Sectional Studies
Kidney

Keywords

  • Body composition monitor
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Left ventricular hypertrophy
  • Left ventricular mass index
  • Overhydration
  • Peritoneal dialysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology
  • Urology

Cite this

Left ventricular hypertrophy and chronic fluid overload in peritoneal dialysis patients. / Abdul Cader, Rizna; Ibrahim, Osama Ali; Paul, Samir; Abdul Gafor, Abdul Halim; Mohd, Rozita.

In: International Urology and Nephrology, Vol. 46, No. 6, 2014, p. 1209-1215.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Purpose: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of mortality in dialysis patients with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) being an important predictor of mortality. We wanted to determine the prevalence of LVH in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients and factors contributing to it. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study assessing LVH using echocardiogram in PD patients. Left ventricular mass index (LVMI) was calculated to determine LVH. Chronic fluid overload (overhydration) was assessed using the body composition monitor, and blood pressure (BP) was measured using 24-h ambulatory BP monitoring. Results: Thirty-one patients (21 females:10 males, 48.97 ± 14.50 years and dialysis vintage 40.0 ± 28.9 months) were studied. More than two-thirds (77.4 {\%}) were hypertensive, and a third (35.5 {\%}) were diabetic. Baseline data included mean serum albumin (37.34 ± 4.43 g/l), weekly Kt/V (2.02 ± 0.23), residual renal function of 68 (0-880) ml and ultrafiltration of 1,606.9 ± 548.6 ml. Majority of patients (80.6 {\%}) had LVH on echocardiogram with LVMI of 136.5 ± 37.8 g/m2 and overhydration of 2.23 ± 1.77 l. Average systolic BP, diastolic BP and mean arterial pressure were 141.2 ± 23.3, 90.8 ± 19.7 and 107.6 ± 19.6 mmHg, respectively. Patients with LVH had a lower serum albumin (p = 0.003), were more overhydrated (p = 0.010) and were on higher number of anti-hypertensive agents (p ≤ 0.001). Predictors of LVMI were overhydration (p = 0.002), the presence of diabetes (p = 0.008) and the number of anti-hypertensive agents used (p = 0.026). However, overhydration (p = 0.007) was the main predictor of LVH on multivariate analysis. Conclusion: Overhydration is strongly associated with LVH in PD patients.",
keywords = "Body composition monitor, Cardiovascular disease, Left ventricular hypertrophy, Left ventricular mass index, Overhydration, Peritoneal dialysis",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Left ventricular hypertrophy and chronic fluid overload in peritoneal dialysis patients

AU - Abdul Cader, Rizna

AU - Ibrahim, Osama Ali

AU - Paul, Samir

AU - Abdul Gafor, Abdul Halim

AU - Mohd, Rozita

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Purpose: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of mortality in dialysis patients with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) being an important predictor of mortality. We wanted to determine the prevalence of LVH in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients and factors contributing to it. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study assessing LVH using echocardiogram in PD patients. Left ventricular mass index (LVMI) was calculated to determine LVH. Chronic fluid overload (overhydration) was assessed using the body composition monitor, and blood pressure (BP) was measured using 24-h ambulatory BP monitoring. Results: Thirty-one patients (21 females:10 males, 48.97 ± 14.50 years and dialysis vintage 40.0 ± 28.9 months) were studied. More than two-thirds (77.4 %) were hypertensive, and a third (35.5 %) were diabetic. Baseline data included mean serum albumin (37.34 ± 4.43 g/l), weekly Kt/V (2.02 ± 0.23), residual renal function of 68 (0-880) ml and ultrafiltration of 1,606.9 ± 548.6 ml. Majority of patients (80.6 %) had LVH on echocardiogram with LVMI of 136.5 ± 37.8 g/m2 and overhydration of 2.23 ± 1.77 l. Average systolic BP, diastolic BP and mean arterial pressure were 141.2 ± 23.3, 90.8 ± 19.7 and 107.6 ± 19.6 mmHg, respectively. Patients with LVH had a lower serum albumin (p = 0.003), were more overhydrated (p = 0.010) and were on higher number of anti-hypertensive agents (p ≤ 0.001). Predictors of LVMI were overhydration (p = 0.002), the presence of diabetes (p = 0.008) and the number of anti-hypertensive agents used (p = 0.026). However, overhydration (p = 0.007) was the main predictor of LVH on multivariate analysis. Conclusion: Overhydration is strongly associated with LVH in PD patients.

AB - Purpose: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of mortality in dialysis patients with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) being an important predictor of mortality. We wanted to determine the prevalence of LVH in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients and factors contributing to it. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study assessing LVH using echocardiogram in PD patients. Left ventricular mass index (LVMI) was calculated to determine LVH. Chronic fluid overload (overhydration) was assessed using the body composition monitor, and blood pressure (BP) was measured using 24-h ambulatory BP monitoring. Results: Thirty-one patients (21 females:10 males, 48.97 ± 14.50 years and dialysis vintage 40.0 ± 28.9 months) were studied. More than two-thirds (77.4 %) were hypertensive, and a third (35.5 %) were diabetic. Baseline data included mean serum albumin (37.34 ± 4.43 g/l), weekly Kt/V (2.02 ± 0.23), residual renal function of 68 (0-880) ml and ultrafiltration of 1,606.9 ± 548.6 ml. Majority of patients (80.6 %) had LVH on echocardiogram with LVMI of 136.5 ± 37.8 g/m2 and overhydration of 2.23 ± 1.77 l. Average systolic BP, diastolic BP and mean arterial pressure were 141.2 ± 23.3, 90.8 ± 19.7 and 107.6 ± 19.6 mmHg, respectively. Patients with LVH had a lower serum albumin (p = 0.003), were more overhydrated (p = 0.010) and were on higher number of anti-hypertensive agents (p ≤ 0.001). Predictors of LVMI were overhydration (p = 0.002), the presence of diabetes (p = 0.008) and the number of anti-hypertensive agents used (p = 0.026). However, overhydration (p = 0.007) was the main predictor of LVH on multivariate analysis. Conclusion: Overhydration is strongly associated with LVH in PD patients.

KW - Body composition monitor

KW - Cardiovascular disease

KW - Left ventricular hypertrophy

KW - Left ventricular mass index

KW - Overhydration

KW - Peritoneal dialysis

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DO - 10.1007/s11255-013-0615-8

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JO - International Urology and Nephrology

JF - International Urology and Nephrology

SN - 0301-1623

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