Lead and cadmium in Nile River water and finished drinking water in Greater Cairo, Egypt

M. A M Mohamed, M. A. Osman, T. L. Potter, R. E. Levin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Lead and cadmium were measured in raw Nile River water and in finished drinking water at four treatment plants in Greater Cairo, Egypt. Samples were collected monthly during the period September 1993 to August 1994. The river water mean concentrations were 29.6 ± 8.74 μg/L for lead and 4.15 ± 0.88 μg/L for cadmium. These levels were 14 and 24 times less than levels reported in a study published in 1995 (Gomaa 1995). In the drinking water, the means were 9.93 ± 0.5 μg/L for lead and 2.2 ± 0.63 μg/L for cadmium. The drinking water mean concentrations were below internationally-recognized drinking water standards. Comparison of the raw and finished drinking water data showed that the water treatment facilities reduced concentrations of lead by 33% and cadmium by 53%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)767-772
Number of pages6
JournalEnvironment International
Volume24
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1998
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Cadmium
Drinking Water
river water
cadmium
Rivers
drinking water
Water
Water treatment
water treatment
Lead

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

Lead and cadmium in Nile River water and finished drinking water in Greater Cairo, Egypt. / Mohamed, M. A M; Osman, M. A.; Potter, T. L.; Levin, R. E.

In: Environment International, Vol. 24, No. 7, 10.1998, p. 767-772.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mohamed, M. A M ; Osman, M. A. ; Potter, T. L. ; Levin, R. E. / Lead and cadmium in Nile River water and finished drinking water in Greater Cairo, Egypt. In: Environment International. 1998 ; Vol. 24, No. 7. pp. 767-772.
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