Larvicidal activity of the essential oils and methanol extracts of Malaysian plants on Aedes aegypti

Ibrahim Jantan, Wong Ong Ping, Sheila Devi Visuvalingam, Nazni Wasi Ahmad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A total of 17 methanol extracts and nine essential oils of Malaysian plants were investigated for their larvicidal activity against Aedes aegypti. Acute mortality of the fourth instar larvae was determined according to the standard WHO method. Among the samples studied, the essential oils of Cinnamomum impressicostatum Kosterm., C. microphyllum Ridl. and Curcuma domestica Valeton showed significant effects with LC50 values of 13.7, 20.6 and 20.9 μg/ml, respectively. Except for Zingiber cassumunar Roxb., the essential oils of the other species were also effective against the larvae with LC50 values less than 200 μg/ml. Of the methanol extracts, Garcinia praniana King, G. griffithii T. Anders, Labisia pumila var. alata Lindl., L. pumila var. pumila and Mitragyna speciosa Korth. showed relatively high activity with LC50 values ranging from 103-271 μg/ml. The methanol extracts were generally less effective than the essential oils with most extracts exhibiting LC50 values greater than 500 μg/ml.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)234-236
Number of pages3
JournalPharmaceutical Biology
Volume41
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2003

Fingerprint

Aedes
Plant Extracts
Volatile Oils
Aedes aegypti
lethal concentration 50
Methanol
essential oils
methanol
extracts
Larva
Mitragyna speciosa
Mitragyna
Zingiber montanum
Cinnamomum
Garcinia
Curcuma
Curcuma longa
larvae
instars
Mortality

Keywords

  • Aedes aegypti
  • Essential oils
  • Larvicidal activity
  • Malaysian plants
  • Methanol extracts
  • Mosquito larvae

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science
  • Medical Laboratory Technology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Pharmacology

Cite this

Larvicidal activity of the essential oils and methanol extracts of Malaysian plants on Aedes aegypti. / Jantan, Ibrahim; Ping, Wong Ong; Visuvalingam, Sheila Devi; Ahmad, Nazni Wasi.

In: Pharmaceutical Biology, Vol. 41, No. 4, 06.2003, p. 234-236.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jantan, Ibrahim ; Ping, Wong Ong ; Visuvalingam, Sheila Devi ; Ahmad, Nazni Wasi. / Larvicidal activity of the essential oils and methanol extracts of Malaysian plants on Aedes aegypti. In: Pharmaceutical Biology. 2003 ; Vol. 41, No. 4. pp. 234-236.
@article{f6c1fe4f18cb411c8d5edfde28efa0b3,
title = "Larvicidal activity of the essential oils and methanol extracts of Malaysian plants on Aedes aegypti",
abstract = "A total of 17 methanol extracts and nine essential oils of Malaysian plants were investigated for their larvicidal activity against Aedes aegypti. Acute mortality of the fourth instar larvae was determined according to the standard WHO method. Among the samples studied, the essential oils of Cinnamomum impressicostatum Kosterm., C. microphyllum Ridl. and Curcuma domestica Valeton showed significant effects with LC50 values of 13.7, 20.6 and 20.9 μg/ml, respectively. Except for Zingiber cassumunar Roxb., the essential oils of the other species were also effective against the larvae with LC50 values less than 200 μg/ml. Of the methanol extracts, Garcinia praniana King, G. griffithii T. Anders, Labisia pumila var. alata Lindl., L. pumila var. pumila and Mitragyna speciosa Korth. showed relatively high activity with LC50 values ranging from 103-271 μg/ml. The methanol extracts were generally less effective than the essential oils with most extracts exhibiting LC50 values greater than 500 μg/ml.",
keywords = "Aedes aegypti, Essential oils, Larvicidal activity, Malaysian plants, Methanol extracts, Mosquito larvae",
author = "Ibrahim Jantan and Ping, {Wong Ong} and Visuvalingam, {Sheila Devi} and Ahmad, {Nazni Wasi}",
year = "2003",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1076/phbi.41.4.234.15665",
language = "English",
volume = "41",
pages = "234--236",
journal = "Pharmaceutical Biology",
issn = "1388-0209",
publisher = "Informa Healthcare",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Larvicidal activity of the essential oils and methanol extracts of Malaysian plants on Aedes aegypti

AU - Jantan, Ibrahim

AU - Ping, Wong Ong

AU - Visuvalingam, Sheila Devi

AU - Ahmad, Nazni Wasi

PY - 2003/6

Y1 - 2003/6

N2 - A total of 17 methanol extracts and nine essential oils of Malaysian plants were investigated for their larvicidal activity against Aedes aegypti. Acute mortality of the fourth instar larvae was determined according to the standard WHO method. Among the samples studied, the essential oils of Cinnamomum impressicostatum Kosterm., C. microphyllum Ridl. and Curcuma domestica Valeton showed significant effects with LC50 values of 13.7, 20.6 and 20.9 μg/ml, respectively. Except for Zingiber cassumunar Roxb., the essential oils of the other species were also effective against the larvae with LC50 values less than 200 μg/ml. Of the methanol extracts, Garcinia praniana King, G. griffithii T. Anders, Labisia pumila var. alata Lindl., L. pumila var. pumila and Mitragyna speciosa Korth. showed relatively high activity with LC50 values ranging from 103-271 μg/ml. The methanol extracts were generally less effective than the essential oils with most extracts exhibiting LC50 values greater than 500 μg/ml.

AB - A total of 17 methanol extracts and nine essential oils of Malaysian plants were investigated for their larvicidal activity against Aedes aegypti. Acute mortality of the fourth instar larvae was determined according to the standard WHO method. Among the samples studied, the essential oils of Cinnamomum impressicostatum Kosterm., C. microphyllum Ridl. and Curcuma domestica Valeton showed significant effects with LC50 values of 13.7, 20.6 and 20.9 μg/ml, respectively. Except for Zingiber cassumunar Roxb., the essential oils of the other species were also effective against the larvae with LC50 values less than 200 μg/ml. Of the methanol extracts, Garcinia praniana King, G. griffithii T. Anders, Labisia pumila var. alata Lindl., L. pumila var. pumila and Mitragyna speciosa Korth. showed relatively high activity with LC50 values ranging from 103-271 μg/ml. The methanol extracts were generally less effective than the essential oils with most extracts exhibiting LC50 values greater than 500 μg/ml.

KW - Aedes aegypti

KW - Essential oils

KW - Larvicidal activity

KW - Malaysian plants

KW - Methanol extracts

KW - Mosquito larvae

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0041886909&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0041886909&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1076/phbi.41.4.234.15665

DO - 10.1076/phbi.41.4.234.15665

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0041886909

VL - 41

SP - 234

EP - 236

JO - Pharmaceutical Biology

JF - Pharmaceutical Biology

SN - 1388-0209

IS - 4

ER -