Large-scale brackish water desalination plants in Gaza strip

Assessments and improvements

Yunes Mogheir, Ahmad A. Foul, A. A. Abuhabib, Abdul Wahab Mohammad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Water scarcity is a serious challenge in the Gaza Strip, a region that is mostly considered to be semi-arid. In this region, the population's options for provision of potable water are limited to desalination of saline groundwater. Six large brackish water desalination plants (BWDPs) and one seawater desalination plant are operating and providing drinking water along with small private plants. The BWDPs were assessed in terms of operational conditions and quality of their feed and permeate with the aim of estimating essential improvements required as well as performance significance. All these plants are reverse osmosis plants and their operational conditions are similar in terms of production, recovery rate, and energy consumption. The quality of the plants' feed was found not to comply with WHO and Palestinian Standards in most cases, unlike the permeate from all plants. The assessment made through this study assists in better understanding of the current situation of the large-scale desalination plants in Gaza and recommending essential improvements needed to increase water production of these plants without increasing abstraction and feed quantities. In addition, multi-criteria analysis used to evaluate BWDPs performance may assist in prioritizing improvements application.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)315-324
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Water Reuse and Desalination
Volume3
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

Desalination
brackish water
Water
Potable water
Drinking Water
drinking water
Reverse osmosis
Seawater
desalination
Saline Waters
desalination plant
water desalination
Groundwater
Energy utilization
seawater
Recovery
water
groundwater

Keywords

  • Assessment
  • Brackish
  • Desalination
  • Groundwater
  • Wastewater

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Filtration and Separation
  • Water Science and Technology

Cite this

Large-scale brackish water desalination plants in Gaza strip : Assessments and improvements. / Mogheir, Yunes; Foul, Ahmad A.; Abuhabib, A. A.; Mohammad, Abdul Wahab.

In: Journal of Water Reuse and Desalination, Vol. 3, No. 3, 2013, p. 315-324.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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