Landscape pattern and connectivity importance of protected areas in Kuala Lumpur conurbation for sustainable urban planning

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Abstract

Protected areas in the cities play an important role for nature conservation and sustainable urban planning. In many occasions however development activities and urban planning ignore this ecological aspect. For sustainable urban planning, understanding the landscape pattern and connectivity importance of urban protected areas and its surroundings are important. Therefore, this study examined: i) landscape pattern changes of three protected areas - Bukit Sungai Puteh, Bukit Nenas and KL Golf Course and ii) their connectivity importance for biodiversity conservation of Kuala Lumpur conurbation. In this study three satellite images (Landsat TM 30 m resolution) of the study areas in 1988, 1996 and 2005 were processed and analyzed using ERDAS Imagine 9.2 and ArcGIS 9.3 to develop land use/land cover maps of the study areas in the three years. Landscape pattern of the maps was analyzed using landscape metrics calculated by Vector Based Landscape Analysis Tools Extension (vLATE ) software. Conefor Sensinode 2.2 (CS22) software was used to measure landscape connectivity. Results revealed that over the decades the protected areas experienced highly pressure from anthropogenic activities. Generally, their size is very small and the natural areas within their boundary gradually reduced and fragmented. Analysis also revealed the transformation of natural landscape to the anthropogenic settlements inside all of the three protected areas. This suggests that these protected areas may have lost their capability to support valuable biodiversity if the situation persisted. However, the connectivity analysis showed that some of the large patches of forest outside the protected areas have connectivity importance. Therefore, there is a need for more protected areas in the Kuala Lumpur conurbation to protect valuable biodiversity and also the natural landscapes for sustainable planning of the city.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)361-372
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Conservation Science
Volume9
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

Fingerprint

urban planning
connectivity
protected area
biodiversity
software
golf course
conurbation
Protected Areas
Connectivity
Urban Planning
nature conservation
Landsat thematic mapper
land cover
human activity
land use
analysis
Biodiversity

Keywords

  • Biodiversity
  • Ecological integrity
  • Landscape connectivity
  • Landscape ecology
  • Protected area
  • Urban ecosystem

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Conservation
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation

Cite this

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title = "Landscape pattern and connectivity importance of protected areas in Kuala Lumpur conurbation for sustainable urban planning",
abstract = "Protected areas in the cities play an important role for nature conservation and sustainable urban planning. In many occasions however development activities and urban planning ignore this ecological aspect. For sustainable urban planning, understanding the landscape pattern and connectivity importance of urban protected areas and its surroundings are important. Therefore, this study examined: i) landscape pattern changes of three protected areas - Bukit Sungai Puteh, Bukit Nenas and KL Golf Course and ii) their connectivity importance for biodiversity conservation of Kuala Lumpur conurbation. In this study three satellite images (Landsat TM 30 m resolution) of the study areas in 1988, 1996 and 2005 were processed and analyzed using ERDAS Imagine 9.2 and ArcGIS 9.3 to develop land use/land cover maps of the study areas in the three years. Landscape pattern of the maps was analyzed using landscape metrics calculated by Vector Based Landscape Analysis Tools Extension (vLATE ) software. Conefor Sensinode 2.2 (CS22) software was used to measure landscape connectivity. Results revealed that over the decades the protected areas experienced highly pressure from anthropogenic activities. Generally, their size is very small and the natural areas within their boundary gradually reduced and fragmented. Analysis also revealed the transformation of natural landscape to the anthropogenic settlements inside all of the three protected areas. This suggests that these protected areas may have lost their capability to support valuable biodiversity if the situation persisted. However, the connectivity analysis showed that some of the large patches of forest outside the protected areas have connectivity importance. Therefore, there is a need for more protected areas in the Kuala Lumpur conurbation to protect valuable biodiversity and also the natural landscapes for sustainable planning of the city.",
keywords = "Biodiversity, Ecological integrity, Landscape connectivity, Landscape ecology, Protected area, Urban ecosystem",
author = "Reza, {Mohammad Imam Hasan} and Abdullah, {Saiful Arif} and {Md. Nor}, Shukor and Ismail, {Mohd Hasmadi}",
year = "2018",
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AU - Ismail, Mohd Hasmadi

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