Land-use change and climate-change patterns of the Cameron Highlands, Pahang, Malaysia

Muhammad Barzani Gasim, Salmijah Surif, Mohd. Ekhwan Toriman, Sahibin @ Sahibini Abd Rahim, Rahmah Elfithri, Pan Ia Lun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The study area is located in the southern part of the Cameron Highlands region of Malaysia, at longitude 101°20'to 101°35'Eand latitude 4°19 ' to 4°31 ' N. This study was conducted to determine land-use categories, the percentage of land-use changes, and their impact on the Bertám River catchment by reference to 1984, 1995, and 2002 land-use maps. At least six categories of land use were noted during the 18-year observation period: forests (reduced by 7 615 ha from 1984 to 2002), tea farms (reduced by 657 ha), bodies of water (reduced by 61 ha), urbanization (increased by 125 ha), agriculture (increased by 2 488 ha), and neglected areas (increased by 5 719 ha). Four climatic parameters-rainfall, evaporation, temperature, and relative humidity-were analyzed, and a total of 18 hydrological sampling stations were identified along the Bertam River. The results show that the Bertam River catchment was influenced by climate patterns. The velocity and discharge of the Bertam River at the first sampling point ranged from 0.33 m/s and 0.079 m 3/s to 0.90 m/s and 2.619 m3/s; at the second sampling point, they ranged from from 0.38 m/s and 0.096 m3/s to 1.44 m/s and 2.709 m3/s. Based on two sets of data, flow volume for the Bertam and Lemoi Rivers increased synchronously via increased rainfall patterns from 1970 to 2005 and from 1985 to 1995 respectively. The cause of the sedimentation observed was soil erosion resulting from logging, urbanization, and the construction of new roads near the river. Overall, studies show that the Bertam River is heavily silted, especially after passing through settlement areas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)51-61
Number of pages11
JournalArab World Geographer
Volume12
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2009

Fingerprint

land use change
Malaysia
climate change
land use
river
urbanization
sampling
catchment
settlement area
bodies of water
upland region
rainfall
tea
soil erosion
erosion
relative humidity
farm
evaporation
agriculture
climate

Keywords

  • Bertam river catchment
  • Climate
  • Discharge
  • Land-use change
  • Sg. Bertam

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Earth-Surface Processes

Cite this

Land-use change and climate-change patterns of the Cameron Highlands, Pahang, Malaysia. / Gasim, Muhammad Barzani; Surif, Salmijah; Toriman, Mohd. Ekhwan; Abd Rahim, Sahibin @ Sahibini; Elfithri, Rahmah; Lun, Pan Ia.

In: Arab World Geographer, Vol. 12, No. 1-2, 03.2009, p. 51-61.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gasim, Muhammad Barzani ; Surif, Salmijah ; Toriman, Mohd. Ekhwan ; Abd Rahim, Sahibin @ Sahibini ; Elfithri, Rahmah ; Lun, Pan Ia. / Land-use change and climate-change patterns of the Cameron Highlands, Pahang, Malaysia. In: Arab World Geographer. 2009 ; Vol. 12, No. 1-2. pp. 51-61.
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