Knowledge, attitude and practices of iron deficient and iron deficient anaemic adolescents in the Gaza strip, Palestine

Marwan O. Jalambo, Ihab A. Naser, Razinah Sharif @ Mohd Sharif, Norimah A. Karim

Research output: Contribution to journalShort survey

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Lack of knowledge concerning nutrition is one of the most significant reasons for nutritional problems and consequently, inappropriate nutritional practices can lead to numerous complications. Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the nutritional knowledge, attitude and practices regarding Iron Deficiency Anaemia (IDA) among female adolescents. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 330 female adolescents aged between 15-19 years from five schools in five governorates in the Gaza Strip, Palestine were screened from September, 2015 to March, 2016. One hundred and thirty three iron deficient and iron deficient anaemic female adolescents were identified based on their complete blood count and serum ferritin levels using haemoglobin cut-offs at 12.0 g dL-1 and serum ferritin cut-offs at 15 mg L-1. The mean age of the iron deficient and iron deficient anaemic female adolescents was 16.41 years. Results: The results indicated that 84% of the adolescents could not tell if a person was having anaemia. About 81.3% of them were not aware of the consequences of IDA among pregnant women and 91.6% had no knowledge of the causes of IDA. Also, 89% did not know which iron-rich foods can be easily absorbed, while 74.8% did not know which foods reduce iron absorption. Furthermore, 81.7% of the adolescents usually consumed citrus fruits and 68% of them did not consume them on a daily basis. At the same time, 81.7% of the adolescents usually consumed tea and coffee, while 43.5% of them consumed these beverages daily. Also, 43.5% of the adolescents regarded anaemia as serious conditions, while 56.5% of them did not consider anaemia to be a serious condition or were unsure. In addition, 45.0% of the adolescents liked the taste of iron-rich food items. Conclusion: Most female adolescents have poor knowledge regarding anaemia, its causes, prevention and management. Nutrition education intervention should be implemented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)51-56
Number of pages6
JournalAsian Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017

Fingerprint

Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Middle East
Iron
iron
anemia
iron deficiency anemia
Iron-Deficiency Anemias
Anemia
ferritin
Ferritins
blood serum
Food
nutrition knowledge
iron absorption
Blood Cell Count
Citrus
citrus fruits
Coffee
nutrition education
Beverages

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Attitude
  • Ferritin
  • Haemoglobin
  • Iron deficiency anaemia
  • Knowledge
  • Practice

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Knowledge, attitude and practices of iron deficient and iron deficient anaemic adolescents in the Gaza strip, Palestine. / Jalambo, Marwan O.; Naser, Ihab A.; Sharif @ Mohd Sharif, Razinah; A. Karim, Norimah.

In: Asian Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 9, No. 1, 01.01.2017, p. 51-56.

Research output: Contribution to journalShort survey

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abstract = "Background: Lack of knowledge concerning nutrition is one of the most significant reasons for nutritional problems and consequently, inappropriate nutritional practices can lead to numerous complications. Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the nutritional knowledge, attitude and practices regarding Iron Deficiency Anaemia (IDA) among female adolescents. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 330 female adolescents aged between 15-19 years from five schools in five governorates in the Gaza Strip, Palestine were screened from September, 2015 to March, 2016. One hundred and thirty three iron deficient and iron deficient anaemic female adolescents were identified based on their complete blood count and serum ferritin levels using haemoglobin cut-offs at 12.0 g dL-1 and serum ferritin cut-offs at 15 mg L-1. The mean age of the iron deficient and iron deficient anaemic female adolescents was 16.41 years. Results: The results indicated that 84{\%} of the adolescents could not tell if a person was having anaemia. About 81.3{\%} of them were not aware of the consequences of IDA among pregnant women and 91.6{\%} had no knowledge of the causes of IDA. Also, 89{\%} did not know which iron-rich foods can be easily absorbed, while 74.8{\%} did not know which foods reduce iron absorption. Furthermore, 81.7{\%} of the adolescents usually consumed citrus fruits and 68{\%} of them did not consume them on a daily basis. At the same time, 81.7{\%} of the adolescents usually consumed tea and coffee, while 43.5{\%} of them consumed these beverages daily. Also, 43.5{\%} of the adolescents regarded anaemia as serious conditions, while 56.5{\%} of them did not consider anaemia to be a serious condition or were unsure. In addition, 45.0{\%} of the adolescents liked the taste of iron-rich food items. Conclusion: Most female adolescents have poor knowledge regarding anaemia, its causes, prevention and management. Nutrition education intervention should be implemented.",
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AU - Naser, Ihab A.

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AU - A. Karim, Norimah

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N2 - Background: Lack of knowledge concerning nutrition is one of the most significant reasons for nutritional problems and consequently, inappropriate nutritional practices can lead to numerous complications. Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the nutritional knowledge, attitude and practices regarding Iron Deficiency Anaemia (IDA) among female adolescents. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 330 female adolescents aged between 15-19 years from five schools in five governorates in the Gaza Strip, Palestine were screened from September, 2015 to March, 2016. One hundred and thirty three iron deficient and iron deficient anaemic female adolescents were identified based on their complete blood count and serum ferritin levels using haemoglobin cut-offs at 12.0 g dL-1 and serum ferritin cut-offs at 15 mg L-1. The mean age of the iron deficient and iron deficient anaemic female adolescents was 16.41 years. Results: The results indicated that 84% of the adolescents could not tell if a person was having anaemia. About 81.3% of them were not aware of the consequences of IDA among pregnant women and 91.6% had no knowledge of the causes of IDA. Also, 89% did not know which iron-rich foods can be easily absorbed, while 74.8% did not know which foods reduce iron absorption. Furthermore, 81.7% of the adolescents usually consumed citrus fruits and 68% of them did not consume them on a daily basis. At the same time, 81.7% of the adolescents usually consumed tea and coffee, while 43.5% of them consumed these beverages daily. Also, 43.5% of the adolescents regarded anaemia as serious conditions, while 56.5% of them did not consider anaemia to be a serious condition or were unsure. In addition, 45.0% of the adolescents liked the taste of iron-rich food items. Conclusion: Most female adolescents have poor knowledge regarding anaemia, its causes, prevention and management. Nutrition education intervention should be implemented.

AB - Background: Lack of knowledge concerning nutrition is one of the most significant reasons for nutritional problems and consequently, inappropriate nutritional practices can lead to numerous complications. Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the nutritional knowledge, attitude and practices regarding Iron Deficiency Anaemia (IDA) among female adolescents. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 330 female adolescents aged between 15-19 years from five schools in five governorates in the Gaza Strip, Palestine were screened from September, 2015 to March, 2016. One hundred and thirty three iron deficient and iron deficient anaemic female adolescents were identified based on their complete blood count and serum ferritin levels using haemoglobin cut-offs at 12.0 g dL-1 and serum ferritin cut-offs at 15 mg L-1. The mean age of the iron deficient and iron deficient anaemic female adolescents was 16.41 years. Results: The results indicated that 84% of the adolescents could not tell if a person was having anaemia. About 81.3% of them were not aware of the consequences of IDA among pregnant women and 91.6% had no knowledge of the causes of IDA. Also, 89% did not know which iron-rich foods can be easily absorbed, while 74.8% did not know which foods reduce iron absorption. Furthermore, 81.7% of the adolescents usually consumed citrus fruits and 68% of them did not consume them on a daily basis. At the same time, 81.7% of the adolescents usually consumed tea and coffee, while 43.5% of them consumed these beverages daily. Also, 43.5% of the adolescents regarded anaemia as serious conditions, while 56.5% of them did not consider anaemia to be a serious condition or were unsure. In addition, 45.0% of the adolescents liked the taste of iron-rich food items. Conclusion: Most female adolescents have poor knowledge regarding anaemia, its causes, prevention and management. Nutrition education intervention should be implemented.

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