Knowledge, attitude and practice related to vitamin D and its relationship with vitamin d status among malay female office workers

Nor Aini Jamil, Nurul Nadiah Shahudin, Nur Surfina Abdul Aziz, Chew Jia Qi, Wan Az Aleesa Wan Aminuddin, Arimi Fitri Mat Ludin, Kok Yong Chin, Zahara Abd Manaf, Norlida Mat Daud

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study assessed knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) related to vitamin D and its relationship with vitamin D status among Malay female office workers. A total of 147 women aged between 20 and 55 years were recruited from a university in Kuala Lumpur. They answered questionnaires related to KAP on vitamin D, sun exposure, dietary vitamin D intake and physical activity. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) was analysed using an enzyme-linked immunoassay. Nearly half (45%) of the subjects had good knowledge but moderate attitude (76%) and practice (84%) towards sunlight exposure and dietary vitamin D intake. Median serum 25OHD was 34.1 nmol/L with the majority (91%) had vitamin D insufficiency (25OHD < 50 nmol/L). Knowledge was weakly associated with attitude (r = 0.29, p < 0.001) but no association was found between knowledge and practice (r = 0.08, p = 0.355) nor attitude and practice (r = −0.001, p = 0.994). Serum 25OHD was positively associated with sunlight exposure (r = 0.22, p = 0.008) and dietary vitamin D intake (r = 0.37, p < 0.001). It can be implied that this group is at increased risk of low bone health status, which highlights the needs of public health campaigns to improve their vitamin D status.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4735
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Volume16
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2019

Fingerprint

Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Vitamin D
Vitamins
Sunlight
Serum
Solar System
Health Promotion
Immunoenzyme Techniques
Health Status
Public Health
Exercise
Bone and Bones

Keywords

  • Female
  • KAP
  • Office workers
  • Sunlight exposure
  • Vitamin D

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

Knowledge, attitude and practice related to vitamin D and its relationship with vitamin d status among malay female office workers. / Jamil, Nor Aini; Shahudin, Nurul Nadiah; Aziz, Nur Surfina Abdul; Qi, Chew Jia; Aminuddin, Wan Az Aleesa Wan; Ludin, Arimi Fitri Mat; Chin, Kok Yong; Manaf, Zahara Abd; Daud, Norlida Mat.

In: International journal of environmental research and public health, Vol. 16, No. 23, 4735, 01.12.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jamil, Nor Aini ; Shahudin, Nurul Nadiah ; Aziz, Nur Surfina Abdul ; Qi, Chew Jia ; Aminuddin, Wan Az Aleesa Wan ; Ludin, Arimi Fitri Mat ; Chin, Kok Yong ; Manaf, Zahara Abd ; Daud, Norlida Mat. / Knowledge, attitude and practice related to vitamin D and its relationship with vitamin d status among malay female office workers. In: International journal of environmental research and public health. 2019 ; Vol. 16, No. 23.
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