Knowledge and practices regarding Aedes control amongst residents of dengue hotspot areas in Selangor

A cross-sectional study

Zul Izzat Ikhwan Zaini, Hidayatul Fathi Othman, Norhafizah Karim, Nor Azimah Abd Rashid, Mohamad Badrul Hisham Abas, Mazrura Sahani, Rozita Hod, Saiful Azlan Nordin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Dengue fever is endemic and remains a public health concern in Malaysia. The highest number of dengue cases occurred in Selangor in 2015. The majority of hotspot and outbreak areas in Malaysia were located in residential areas. Despite the high number of dengue prevalence in Malaysia, evidence for the level of community knowledge and practice of methods for Aedes control and prevention in the country remains scant. This cross-sectional study aimed to assess the demographic factors associated with the knowledge and practice of Aedes control and prevention methods. It also aimed to assess the associations and relationships between the public knowledge and practice of Aedes control and preventive activities involving Aedes larvae ovitraps (ALOTs), Mousticide, Denguard and other methods. Two residential areas that were considered as dengue hotspots were selected for the introduction of Aedes control and prevention programs. A sample size was calculated using G*power and a total of 152 residents who attended the dengue awareness events held at Section 3 and Section 8, Bandar Baru Bangi, Selangor, were recruited. A purposive sampling approach was adopted, and data were collected by using a pretested questionnaire with three subsections on sociodemographic information and on the knowledge and practice of Aedes control and prevention methods. No statistically significant (p>0.05) relationship between demographic factors and knowledge and practice scores was found. The results of χ 2 square test showed a strong (φ-coefficient = 0.605) and significant (p<0.001) association between knowledge and practice scores. In addition, a strong and significant positive correlation (r=0.648, p<0.001) existed between knowledge and practice scores. In conclusion, health promotion programs that focus on educating the public regarding the use of Aedes larvae ovitraps (ALOTs), Mousticide, Denguard and other methods to prevent and control Aedes mosquitoes and that involve multiple stakeholders, such as government officials and responsible authorities, and the active participation of communities are crucial in the war against Aedes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)841-849
Number of pages9
JournalSains Malaysiana
Volume48
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

Fingerprint

Dengue
Aedes
Cross-Sectional Studies
Malaysia
Larva
Demography
Mosquito Control
Health Promotion
Sample Size
Disease Outbreaks
Public Health

Keywords

  • Aedes larvae ovitraps (ALOTs)
  • Denguard
  • Knowledge
  • Mousticide
  • Practices

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Knowledge and practices regarding Aedes control amongst residents of dengue hotspot areas in Selangor : A cross-sectional study. / Ikhwan Zaini, Zul Izzat; Othman, Hidayatul Fathi; Karim, Norhafizah; Abd Rashid, Nor Azimah; Hisham Abas, Mohamad Badrul; Sahani, Mazrura; Hod, Rozita; Nordin, Saiful Azlan.

In: Sains Malaysiana, Vol. 48, No. 4, 01.01.2019, p. 841-849.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ikhwan Zaini, Zul Izzat ; Othman, Hidayatul Fathi ; Karim, Norhafizah ; Abd Rashid, Nor Azimah ; Hisham Abas, Mohamad Badrul ; Sahani, Mazrura ; Hod, Rozita ; Nordin, Saiful Azlan. / Knowledge and practices regarding Aedes control amongst residents of dengue hotspot areas in Selangor : A cross-sectional study. In: Sains Malaysiana. 2019 ; Vol. 48, No. 4. pp. 841-849.
@article{8de7a9bccade46b08a1cdc34046d1ea5,
title = "Knowledge and practices regarding Aedes control amongst residents of dengue hotspot areas in Selangor: A cross-sectional study",
abstract = "Dengue fever is endemic and remains a public health concern in Malaysia. The highest number of dengue cases occurred in Selangor in 2015. The majority of hotspot and outbreak areas in Malaysia were located in residential areas. Despite the high number of dengue prevalence in Malaysia, evidence for the level of community knowledge and practice of methods for Aedes control and prevention in the country remains scant. This cross-sectional study aimed to assess the demographic factors associated with the knowledge and practice of Aedes control and prevention methods. It also aimed to assess the associations and relationships between the public knowledge and practice of Aedes control and preventive activities involving Aedes larvae ovitraps (ALOTs), Mousticide, Denguard and other methods. Two residential areas that were considered as dengue hotspots were selected for the introduction of Aedes control and prevention programs. A sample size was calculated using G*power and a total of 152 residents who attended the dengue awareness events held at Section 3 and Section 8, Bandar Baru Bangi, Selangor, were recruited. A purposive sampling approach was adopted, and data were collected by using a pretested questionnaire with three subsections on sociodemographic information and on the knowledge and practice of Aedes control and prevention methods. No statistically significant (p>0.05) relationship between demographic factors and knowledge and practice scores was found. The results of χ 2 square test showed a strong (φ-coefficient = 0.605) and significant (p<0.001) association between knowledge and practice scores. In addition, a strong and significant positive correlation (r=0.648, p<0.001) existed between knowledge and practice scores. In conclusion, health promotion programs that focus on educating the public regarding the use of Aedes larvae ovitraps (ALOTs), Mousticide, Denguard and other methods to prevent and control Aedes mosquitoes and that involve multiple stakeholders, such as government officials and responsible authorities, and the active participation of communities are crucial in the war against Aedes.",
keywords = "Aedes larvae ovitraps (ALOTs), Denguard, Knowledge, Mousticide, Practices",
author = "{Ikhwan Zaini}, {Zul Izzat} and Othman, {Hidayatul Fathi} and Norhafizah Karim and {Abd Rashid}, {Nor Azimah} and {Hisham Abas}, {Mohamad Badrul} and Mazrura Sahani and Rozita Hod and Nordin, {Saiful Azlan}",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.17576/jsm-2019-4804-16",
language = "English",
volume = "48",
pages = "841--849",
journal = "Sains Malaysiana",
issn = "0126-6039",
publisher = "Penerbit Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Knowledge and practices regarding Aedes control amongst residents of dengue hotspot areas in Selangor

T2 - A cross-sectional study

AU - Ikhwan Zaini, Zul Izzat

AU - Othman, Hidayatul Fathi

AU - Karim, Norhafizah

AU - Abd Rashid, Nor Azimah

AU - Hisham Abas, Mohamad Badrul

AU - Sahani, Mazrura

AU - Hod, Rozita

AU - Nordin, Saiful Azlan

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Dengue fever is endemic and remains a public health concern in Malaysia. The highest number of dengue cases occurred in Selangor in 2015. The majority of hotspot and outbreak areas in Malaysia were located in residential areas. Despite the high number of dengue prevalence in Malaysia, evidence for the level of community knowledge and practice of methods for Aedes control and prevention in the country remains scant. This cross-sectional study aimed to assess the demographic factors associated with the knowledge and practice of Aedes control and prevention methods. It also aimed to assess the associations and relationships between the public knowledge and practice of Aedes control and preventive activities involving Aedes larvae ovitraps (ALOTs), Mousticide, Denguard and other methods. Two residential areas that were considered as dengue hotspots were selected for the introduction of Aedes control and prevention programs. A sample size was calculated using G*power and a total of 152 residents who attended the dengue awareness events held at Section 3 and Section 8, Bandar Baru Bangi, Selangor, were recruited. A purposive sampling approach was adopted, and data were collected by using a pretested questionnaire with three subsections on sociodemographic information and on the knowledge and practice of Aedes control and prevention methods. No statistically significant (p>0.05) relationship between demographic factors and knowledge and practice scores was found. The results of χ 2 square test showed a strong (φ-coefficient = 0.605) and significant (p<0.001) association between knowledge and practice scores. In addition, a strong and significant positive correlation (r=0.648, p<0.001) existed between knowledge and practice scores. In conclusion, health promotion programs that focus on educating the public regarding the use of Aedes larvae ovitraps (ALOTs), Mousticide, Denguard and other methods to prevent and control Aedes mosquitoes and that involve multiple stakeholders, such as government officials and responsible authorities, and the active participation of communities are crucial in the war against Aedes.

AB - Dengue fever is endemic and remains a public health concern in Malaysia. The highest number of dengue cases occurred in Selangor in 2015. The majority of hotspot and outbreak areas in Malaysia were located in residential areas. Despite the high number of dengue prevalence in Malaysia, evidence for the level of community knowledge and practice of methods for Aedes control and prevention in the country remains scant. This cross-sectional study aimed to assess the demographic factors associated with the knowledge and practice of Aedes control and prevention methods. It also aimed to assess the associations and relationships between the public knowledge and practice of Aedes control and preventive activities involving Aedes larvae ovitraps (ALOTs), Mousticide, Denguard and other methods. Two residential areas that were considered as dengue hotspots were selected for the introduction of Aedes control and prevention programs. A sample size was calculated using G*power and a total of 152 residents who attended the dengue awareness events held at Section 3 and Section 8, Bandar Baru Bangi, Selangor, were recruited. A purposive sampling approach was adopted, and data were collected by using a pretested questionnaire with three subsections on sociodemographic information and on the knowledge and practice of Aedes control and prevention methods. No statistically significant (p>0.05) relationship between demographic factors and knowledge and practice scores was found. The results of χ 2 square test showed a strong (φ-coefficient = 0.605) and significant (p<0.001) association between knowledge and practice scores. In addition, a strong and significant positive correlation (r=0.648, p<0.001) existed between knowledge and practice scores. In conclusion, health promotion programs that focus on educating the public regarding the use of Aedes larvae ovitraps (ALOTs), Mousticide, Denguard and other methods to prevent and control Aedes mosquitoes and that involve multiple stakeholders, such as government officials and responsible authorities, and the active participation of communities are crucial in the war against Aedes.

KW - Aedes larvae ovitraps (ALOTs)

KW - Denguard

KW - Knowledge

KW - Mousticide

KW - Practices

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85065811818&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85065811818&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.17576/jsm-2019-4804-16

DO - 10.17576/jsm-2019-4804-16

M3 - Article

VL - 48

SP - 841

EP - 849

JO - Sains Malaysiana

JF - Sains Malaysiana

SN - 0126-6039

IS - 4

ER -