Knowledge and perception towards supplementary immunization activities (SIA) among mothers in Cheras, Kuala Lumpur

Mohd Rohaizat Hassan, Muhammad Afham Azman, Chong Li Yong, Tengku Mardhiah Tengku Nazmi, Nurul Najwa Abdul Rashid, Wan Nur Alya Shaqeera Wan Azmi, Nazarudin Safian, Noriah Hajib, Al Abed Ali Ahmed Al-Abed, Hasanain Faisal Ghazi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Among the main reasons for re-emergence of vaccine preventable diseases were missed or incomplete immunization schedule. The supplementary immunization activity (SIA) is an important intervention done to provide complete immunization coverage among those children. Better outcome came along with good knowledge and perception on the program. Thus, this study aims to assess the level of knowledge and perception of the mothers towards SIA program. A cross-sectional study was conducted among mothers with children = 15 years old in Cheras, Kuala Lumpur. Data was collected by interview using the guided questionnaire consists of four sections to assess the socio demographic, socio economic, knowledge and perception regarding SIA. The questionnaire was validated for internal consistency with Cronbach�s alpha 0.461 for knowledge and 0.729 for perception. A total of 105 respondents with the median age of 33 years (IQR: 28-38) with majority of them are Malays (82.9%), Muslim (83.8%), married (97.1%) and (57.1%) with 1- 2 child in the family. Half of them were from low income family (46.7%) and had secondary education level (54.3%) and were housewives (47.6%). One third of the respondents (33%) never heard about SIA before. Overall had poor knowledge (82.9%) and perception (95.2%) towards SIA. There is a significant association between the level of knowledge on SIA with household income (x^2=7.746, p=0.019) and occupation (x^2=6.457, p < 0.05). However, there was no significant association between the socio demographic and socio-economic factors and perception towards SIA. In conclusion, the knowledge and perception among mothers on SIA are still poor. More intensive health educations may be useful to be incorporated within the program implementation to increase the community understanding and perception towards SIA in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)126-131
Number of pages6
JournalMalaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine
Volume19
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

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Immunization
Mothers
Economics
Demography
Immunization Schedule
Islam
Immunization Programs
Health Education
Occupations
Vaccines
Cross-Sectional Studies
Interviews
Education
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • Knowledge
  • Kuala Lumpur
  • Perception
  • SIA
  • Supplementary immunization activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Hassan, M. R., Azman, M. A., Yong, C. L., Nazmi, T. M. T., Rashid, N. N. A., Azmi, W. N. A. S. W., ... Ghazi, H. F. (2019). Knowledge and perception towards supplementary immunization activities (SIA) among mothers in Cheras, Kuala Lumpur. Malaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine, 19(2), 126-131.

Knowledge and perception towards supplementary immunization activities (SIA) among mothers in Cheras, Kuala Lumpur. / Hassan, Mohd Rohaizat; Azman, Muhammad Afham; Yong, Chong Li; Nazmi, Tengku Mardhiah Tengku; Rashid, Nurul Najwa Abdul; Azmi, Wan Nur Alya Shaqeera Wan; Safian, Nazarudin; Hajib, Noriah; Al-Abed, Al Abed Ali Ahmed; Ghazi, Hasanain Faisal.

In: Malaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine, Vol. 19, No. 2, 01.01.2019, p. 126-131.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hassan, MR, Azman, MA, Yong, CL, Nazmi, TMT, Rashid, NNA, Azmi, WNASW, Safian, N, Hajib, N, Al-Abed, AAAA & Ghazi, HF 2019, 'Knowledge and perception towards supplementary immunization activities (SIA) among mothers in Cheras, Kuala Lumpur', Malaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 126-131.
Hassan, Mohd Rohaizat ; Azman, Muhammad Afham ; Yong, Chong Li ; Nazmi, Tengku Mardhiah Tengku ; Rashid, Nurul Najwa Abdul ; Azmi, Wan Nur Alya Shaqeera Wan ; Safian, Nazarudin ; Hajib, Noriah ; Al-Abed, Al Abed Ali Ahmed ; Ghazi, Hasanain Faisal. / Knowledge and perception towards supplementary immunization activities (SIA) among mothers in Cheras, Kuala Lumpur. In: Malaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine. 2019 ; Vol. 19, No. 2. pp. 126-131.
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