Kenaf reinforced PLA composite thermoforming: A numerical simulation

Abu Bakar Sulong, Nabilah Afiqah Mohd Radzuan, Mohd Rizal Mamat, Izdihar Tharazi, Dulina Tholibon, Radwan Dweiri, Mohannad Saleh Hammadi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent manufacturing developments, which focus on optimum product fabrication technique, including thermoforming, are time-consuming and cost-effective. Fundamental studies of the thermoforming process; especially in a uni-directional direction of Kenaf fiber composite, are still in their preliminary stages. Hence, a numerical simulation is performed to minimize experimental conduct. PAM-FORM software is used to model and simulate the thermoforming process, by studying the effects of processing parameters on the results of the simulation. The optimum thermoforming process parameters, in terms of temperature, puncher speed, puncher radius and composite thickness are determined via the design of the experiments. The output parameters, including composite thinning, shear angle and stress are analysed to identify the wrinkling defects, which are further analysed using Design-Expert software. The results demonstrate that, a temperature of 120 °C, a puncher speed of 28.78 m/s, a puncher radius and composite thickness of 4 mm and 2 mm, respectively is able to achieve minimum thinning and minimal shear angle during the thermoforming process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-20
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Integrated Engineering
Volume10
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

Fingerprint

Thermoforming
Computer simulation
Composite materials
Kenaf fibers
Pulse amplitude modulation
Shear thinning
Fabrication
Temperature
Defects
Processing
Costs
Experiments

Keywords

  • Kenaf composite
  • Numerical simulation
  • Thermoforming process

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Sulong, A. B., Radzuan, N. A. M., Mamat, M. R., Tharazi, I., Tholibon, D., Dweiri, R., & Hammadi, M. S. (2018). Kenaf reinforced PLA composite thermoforming: A numerical simulation. International Journal of Integrated Engineering, 10(5), 15-20. https://doi.org/10.30880/ijie.2018.10.05.003

Kenaf reinforced PLA composite thermoforming : A numerical simulation. / Sulong, Abu Bakar; Radzuan, Nabilah Afiqah Mohd; Mamat, Mohd Rizal; Tharazi, Izdihar; Tholibon, Dulina; Dweiri, Radwan; Hammadi, Mohannad Saleh.

In: International Journal of Integrated Engineering, Vol. 10, No. 5, 01.01.2018, p. 15-20.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sulong, AB, Radzuan, NAM, Mamat, MR, Tharazi, I, Tholibon, D, Dweiri, R & Hammadi, MS 2018, 'Kenaf reinforced PLA composite thermoforming: A numerical simulation', International Journal of Integrated Engineering, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 15-20. https://doi.org/10.30880/ijie.2018.10.05.003
Sulong, Abu Bakar ; Radzuan, Nabilah Afiqah Mohd ; Mamat, Mohd Rizal ; Tharazi, Izdihar ; Tholibon, Dulina ; Dweiri, Radwan ; Hammadi, Mohannad Saleh. / Kenaf reinforced PLA composite thermoforming : A numerical simulation. In: International Journal of Integrated Engineering. 2018 ; Vol. 10, No. 5. pp. 15-20.
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