Issues and challenges facing rice production and food security in the granary areas in the East Coast Economic Region (ECER), Malaysia

Chamhuri Siwar, Nor Diana Mohd Idris, Muhammad Yasar, Golam Morshed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study is an effort to explore and investigate the issues and challenging are facing rice production and food security in Malaysia. It is also to identify the contribution of the granary areas in East Coast Economic Region (ECER) to the national food security. The important of rice as a staple food crop of Malaysia and is grown on 673,745 ha of land, producing annually 2.6 million tons of paddy grain valued at RM 2 billion, which is contribute with average growth rate of 3.7% of year, in the last five years. However, the current country's self-sufficiency level for rice production is about 71.4% and the balance imported from countries abroad. Efforts are being undertaken by government to increase the productivity, cropping intensity prediction and crop acreage to cope with the growing demand for the produce. This study examines the various issues of rice production for food security and analyses the challenging of rice production in Malaysia. Various policies, strategies and programmes for rice production will be thoroughly analysed for attaining the study objectives. In the ECER, Kemubu Agricultural Development Authority (KADA), Kemasin Semerak and North Terengganu (KETARA) Integrated Agriculture Development Area (IADA) is among the granary areas, which emphasised on paddy cultivation to the country. The role of the area is important to enhance the self-sufficiency level of rice in Malaysia. Issues and challenges related to rice production, food security and self-sufficiency are discussed. Various efforts and government intervention have been implemented to ensure that these areas will remain as the important granary area. Several approaches to improve the productivity and stability of food production as well as outlining the agenda to ensure the country food supply are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)711-722
Number of pages12
JournalResearch Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology
Volume7
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Coastal zones
Economics
Crops
Productivity
Food supply
Agriculture

Keywords

  • Food security
  • Integrated Agriculture Development Area (IADA)
  • Kemasin Semerak IADA
  • Kemubu Agriculture Development Area (KADA)
  • North Terengganu (KETARA IADA)
  • Rice production

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Computer Science(all)

Cite this

Issues and challenges facing rice production and food security in the granary areas in the East Coast Economic Region (ECER), Malaysia. / Siwar, Chamhuri; Idris, Nor Diana Mohd; Yasar, Muhammad; Morshed, Golam.

In: Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology, Vol. 7, No. 4, 2014, p. 711-722.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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