Isolation and characterization of macerated cellulose from pineapple leaf

Naziratulasikin Abu Kassim, Ainun Zuriyati Mohamed, Edi Syams Zainudin, Sarani Zakaria, Siti Khaulah Zakiah Azman, Hazwani Husna Abdullah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Diverse renewable resources, especially those obtained from residual agricultural wastes, are being exploited to reduce the impact of environmental damage. This study presents a method to produce purified cellulose extracted from locally planted pineapple leaves (Ananas comosus). The cellulose was extracted by maceration pretreatment. The heating times were varied. This method is a simpler and more effective approach to delignify the pineapple leaf fibers compared with conventional chemical pulping and bleaching processes. The chemical composition of the cellulose was investigated according to TAPPI standards and by structural analyses, namely Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The results indicated that the hemicellulose and lignin were partially removed from the cellulose. Chemical analysis confirmed that the cellulose content increased from 25.8% (pineapple leaf fibers) to 70.9% (macerated cellulose). The optimum heating time was 3 h. However, XRD showed that the extracted cellulose had a higher crystallinity index than the initial pineapple leaf fibers. These results indicated that pretreatment via maceration has good potential applications in the production of macerated cellulose.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1198-1209
Number of pages12
JournalBioResources
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2019

Fingerprint

Cellulose
cellulose
Fibers
X-ray diffraction
heating
Heating
X ray diffraction
Agricultural wastes
Lignin
renewable resource
crystallinity
Bleaching
Chemical analysis
FTIR spectroscopy
chemical process
chemical analysis
lignin
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy
chemical composition
fibre

Keywords

  • Macerated cellulose
  • Pineapple leaf
  • Pretreatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Bioengineering
  • Waste Management and Disposal

Cite this

Kassim, N. A., Mohamed, A. Z., Zainudin, E. S., Zakaria, S., Azman, S. K. Z., & Abdullah, H. H. (2019). Isolation and characterization of macerated cellulose from pineapple leaf. BioResources, 14(1), 1198-1209. https://doi.org/10.15376/biores.14.1.1198-1209

Isolation and characterization of macerated cellulose from pineapple leaf. / Kassim, Naziratulasikin Abu; Mohamed, Ainun Zuriyati; Zainudin, Edi Syams; Zakaria, Sarani; Azman, Siti Khaulah Zakiah; Abdullah, Hazwani Husna.

In: BioResources, Vol. 14, No. 1, 01.02.2019, p. 1198-1209.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kassim, NA, Mohamed, AZ, Zainudin, ES, Zakaria, S, Azman, SKZ & Abdullah, HH 2019, 'Isolation and characterization of macerated cellulose from pineapple leaf', BioResources, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 1198-1209. https://doi.org/10.15376/biores.14.1.1198-1209
Kassim, Naziratulasikin Abu ; Mohamed, Ainun Zuriyati ; Zainudin, Edi Syams ; Zakaria, Sarani ; Azman, Siti Khaulah Zakiah ; Abdullah, Hazwani Husna. / Isolation and characterization of macerated cellulose from pineapple leaf. In: BioResources. 2019 ; Vol. 14, No. 1. pp. 1198-1209.
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