Ion exchange membranes as separators in microbial fuel cells for bioenergy conversion: A comprehensive review

Jun Xing Leong, Wan Ramli Wan Daud, Mostafa Ghasemi, Kien Ben Liew, Manal Ismail

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

129 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The urgent need to address the twin problems of the modern world, energy insecurity caused by fossil fuel depletion and climate change caused by global warming from carbon dioxide emission and the greenhouse effect has led to among other things the emergence of fuel cell technology as a green energy technology that could generate cleaner and highly efficient energy. Microbial fuel cell (MFC), an emerging dual function, bioenergy conversion device, that not only treats wastewater but also generates electricity, has caught much attention of both fuel cell and bioenergy researchers. Until today, the commercialization of MFC has been restricted mainly due to its high cost and low power density. Many challenges still remain to be conquered, in order to improve the performance and commercialization of MFC. It is generally known that ion exchange membrane in MFC is one of the main factors that could significantly affect the cost and performance of MFC. This review provides an overview of several important membrane characteristics, which include membrane internal resistance, membrane biofouling, pH splitting, oxygen diffusion, and substrate loss across the membrane. The negative impact of these characteristics on MFC performance, are discussed. Moreover, this review concerns the types of membrane that have been applied in MFC systems, such as cation exchange membranes, anion exchange membranes, membraneless technology, polymer/composite membranes, and porous membranes. The future trend of membrane development for MFC applications is also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)575-587
Number of pages13
JournalRenewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Volume28
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

Ion exchange membranes
Microbial fuel cells
Separators
Membranes
Fuel cells
Ion exchange
Greenhouse effect
Biofouling
Membrane technology
Composite membranes
Global warming
Fossil fuels
Climate change
Costs
Carbon dioxide
Wastewater
Negative ions
Electricity
Positive ions
Oxygen

Keywords

  • Biofouling
  • Internal resistance
  • Membrane
  • Microbial fuel cell
  • Nano-composite
  • Oxygen diffusion
  • Substrate crossover

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Cite this

Ion exchange membranes as separators in microbial fuel cells for bioenergy conversion : A comprehensive review. / Leong, Jun Xing; Wan Daud, Wan Ramli; Ghasemi, Mostafa; Liew, Kien Ben; Ismail, Manal.

In: Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 28, 2013, p. 575-587.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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