Investigation of diesel-ethanol blended fuel properties with palm methyl ester as co-solvent and blends enhancer

Norhidayah Mat Taib, Mohd Radzi Abu Mansor, Wan Mohd Faizal Wan Mahmood, Fais Ahmad Shah, Nik Rosli Nik Abdullah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Diesel engine is known as the most efficient engine with high efficiency and power but always reported as high fuel emission. Malaysia National Automotive Policy (NAP) was targeting to improve competitive regional focusing on green technology development in reducing the emission of the engine. Therefore, ethanol was introduced to reduce the emission of the engine and while increasing its performance, Palm methyl ester was introduced as blend enhancer to improve engine performance and improve diesel-ethanol blends stability. This paper aimed to study the characteristics of the blends and to prove the ability of palm-methyl-ester as co-solvent in ethanol-diesel blends. Stability and thermophysical test were carried out for different fuel compositions. The stability of diesel-ethanol blended was proved to be improved with the addition of PME at the longer period and the stability of the blends changed depending on temperature and ethanol content. Density and viscosity of diesel-ethanol-PME blends also give higher result than diesel-ethanol blends and it's proved that PME is able to increase density and viscosity of blends. Besides, heating value of the blends also increases with the increasing PME in diesel-ethanol blends.

Original languageEnglish
Article number01080
JournalMATEC Web of Conferences
Volume90
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Dec 2016

Fingerprint

Ethanol fuels
Diesel fuels
Esters
Ethanol
Engines
Viscosity
Environmental technology
Diesel engines
Heating

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Investigation of diesel-ethanol blended fuel properties with palm methyl ester as co-solvent and blends enhancer. / Taib, Norhidayah Mat; Abu Mansor, Mohd Radzi; Wan Mahmood, Wan Mohd Faizal; Shah, Fais Ahmad; Abdullah, Nik Rosli Nik.

In: MATEC Web of Conferences, Vol. 90, 01080, 20.12.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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