Internationalizing Higher Education in Malaysia

Government Policies and University's Response

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The intensity of internationalization has increased with an escalation in internationalization activities, leading to increasing student, program, and institutional mobility. In Malaysia, the internationalization of higher education in terms of student mobility has changed tremendously in the last two decades as the country has shifted from a sending to a receiving country. Policy-wise, the government has targeted to be a regional hub for higher education. The objectives of this article are to examine government policies, their rationales, and the response of public and private institutions toward these policies. The findings show that while there is also a new emphasis on research and knowledge generation, government policies essentially focus mainly on increasing inbound students to increase export revenues. Institutions' response vary between public and private as the former have access to research funding from the government while the other is much more fee-dependent and therefore tend to focus on international students as an additional source of revenue but both view internationalization targets set by the government as an end by themselves.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)648-662
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Studies in International Education
Volume17
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2013

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internationalization
government policy
Malaysia
revenue
education
student
private institution
escalation
public institution
fee
funding
knowledge

Keywords

  • government policies
  • internationalization
  • Malaysia
  • responses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education

Cite this

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