Interest rates uncertainty, immediacy cost and the role of banks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study developed the Role of Banks Index (RBX) to characterize the role of banks in delivering its services in an uncertain interest rate and immediate fund requirement environment. We extend the model developed by Ramlee (2001) and Deshmukh, Greenbaum, and Kanatas (1983) by incorporating an element of immediacy costs. The basis of the immediacy cost is in the manner a bank stock up funds as inventory to cater for a loan commitment made to its customer. The strategy adopted in the pooling of funds acts as a penalty cost for borrowing in the last minute. RBX characterizes a banking firm with two possible roles: being a broker when the RBX moved towards 1 and an asset transformer when the RBX moved towards 0. The study successfully operationalized the developed RBX by using a monthly three months KLIBOR rate as a proxy of the uncertain interest rates environment and λ, as the proxy for immediacy costs for the period of 1982 to 2005. We showed that banks act as an asset transformer in an uncertain interest rate and high immediacy costs environment but more as a broker in a stable environment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-74
Number of pages14
JournalAsian Academy of Management Journal of Accounting and Finance
Volume2
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Fingerprint

Cost uncertainty
Interest rates
Costs
Assets
Broker
Loan commitments
Pooling
Banking
Borrowing
Penalty

Keywords

  • Asset transformer
  • Broker
  • Immediacy costs
  • Loan commitment
  • Role of bank index (RBX)
  • Uncertain interest rate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Accounting
  • Finance

Cite this

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abstract = "This study developed the Role of Banks Index (RBX) to characterize the role of banks in delivering its services in an uncertain interest rate and immediate fund requirement environment. We extend the model developed by Ramlee (2001) and Deshmukh, Greenbaum, and Kanatas (1983) by incorporating an element of immediacy costs. The basis of the immediacy cost is in the manner a bank stock up funds as inventory to cater for a loan commitment made to its customer. The strategy adopted in the pooling of funds acts as a penalty cost for borrowing in the last minute. RBX characterizes a banking firm with two possible roles: being a broker when the RBX moved towards 1 and an asset transformer when the RBX moved towards 0. The study successfully operationalized the developed RBX by using a monthly three months KLIBOR rate as a proxy of the uncertain interest rates environment and λ, as the proxy for immediacy costs for the period of 1982 to 2005. We showed that banks act as an asset transformer in an uncertain interest rate and high immediacy costs environment but more as a broker in a stable environment.",
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