Interaction of hope and optimism with anxiety and depression in a specific group of cancer survivors: A preliminary study

Rama Krsna Rajandram, Samuel M Y Ho, Nabil Samman, Natalie Chan, Colman McGrath, Roger A. Zwahlen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

44 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Anxiety and depression have been identified as a common psychological distress faced by the majority of cancer patients. With the increasing number of cancer cases, increasing demands will be placed on health systems to address effective psychosocial care and therapy. The objective of this study was to assess the possible role of hope and optimism on anxiety and depression. We also wanted to investigate if there is a specific component of hope that could play a role in buffering anxiety and depression amongst cancer patients. Methods. A retrospective cross sectional study was conducted in the outpatient station of the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at the University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, PR-China. Fifty patients successfully treated for OC cancer were recruited after their informed consents had been obtained during the review clinic. During their regular follow-up controls in the outpatient clinic the patients compiled the hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS), hope scale (HS) and the life orientation scale-revised (LOT-R). Results: Hope was negatively correlated with depression (r = -.55, p <.001) and anxiety (r = -.38, p <.05). Similar pattern was found between optimism and the latter adjustment outcomes (depression: r = -.55, p <.001; anxiety: r = -.35, p <.05). Regression analyses indentified that both hope and optimism were significant predictors of depression. Hope and optimism had equal association with depression (hope: =.40 versus optimism: =.38). Hope and optimism together were significantly predictive of anxiety, whereas neither hope nor optimism alone was significant individual predictors of anxiety. Conclusions: Hope and optimism both negatively correlated with patients' level of anxiety and depression. Besides theoretical implications, this study brings forward relevant findings related to developing specific clinical psychological care in the field of oncology that to date has not been researched specifically in the field of oncology. The results of this study will help guide the direction of future prospective studies in the field of oncology. This will contribute significantly to increasing patients quality of life as well enabling health care facilities to provide all cancer patients a more holistic cancer care.

Original languageEnglish
Article number519
JournalBMC Research Notes
Volume4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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Hope
Oncology
Survivors
Anxiety
Depression
Neoplasms
Health care
Surgery
Health
Oral Surgery
Hong Kong
Optimism
Psychology
Social Adjustment
Health Facilities
Ambulatory Care Facilities
Informed Consent
China

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Interaction of hope and optimism with anxiety and depression in a specific group of cancer survivors : A preliminary study. / Rajandram, Rama Krsna; Ho, Samuel M Y; Samman, Nabil; Chan, Natalie; McGrath, Colman; Zwahlen, Roger A.

In: BMC Research Notes, Vol. 4, 519, 2011.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rajandram, Rama Krsna ; Ho, Samuel M Y ; Samman, Nabil ; Chan, Natalie ; McGrath, Colman ; Zwahlen, Roger A. / Interaction of hope and optimism with anxiety and depression in a specific group of cancer survivors : A preliminary study. In: BMC Research Notes. 2011 ; Vol. 4.
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