Intelligence quotient (IQ) relationship with energy intake and micronutrient composition among primary school children in Baghdad city, Iraq

Hasanain Faisal Ghazi, Zaleha Md Isa, Syed Mohamed Al-Junid Syed Junid, Shamsul Azhar Shah, Mohammed A. Abdalqader

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nutrient component of diet is very important, especially for children during the development stages. Diet rich in vitamins and minerals is essential for healthy children. This study was conducted to assess the associations between energy intake, macronutrient composition and child Intelligence Quotient (IQ) score. A cross-sectional study was conducted among children aged 7 to 8 years old from 5 primary schools in Baghdad city. Dietary intake was assessed using 24-hour dietary recall. Body weight status was determined using weight and height. While intelligence quotient was evaluated using Raven Colored Progressive Matrices. A total of 480 children participated in this study. The mean age was 8.00±0.56 years. Mean energy intake among the children was 1, 020 kcal per day. There were excessive intake of vitamin B1, B2 and B3 (0.88, 1.12, 12.27 mg) respectively. Both low and normal IQ groups showed a large difference in vitamin A and iodine intakes. After adjusting for confounders, parental working status, Iodine level and child nutritional status still appeared to be the most important factors influencing child IQ. It is concluded that sufficient nutrient intake is very important during child cognitive development. Child nutritional status and iodine deficiency were the most important factors related to child's intelligence among the respondents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)200-204
Number of pages5
JournalPakistan Journal of Nutrition
Volume12
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

Iraq
elementary schools
school children
Micronutrients
Energy Intake
dietary minerals
Intelligence
energy intake
Iodine
Child Development
Nutritional Status
iodine
nutritional status
Diet
Crows
Food
cognitive development
child development
Niacinamide
iodine deficiency

Keywords

  • 24-hour dietary recall
  • Baghdad
  • BMI-for-age Z score
  • Iodine
  • IQ

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

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title = "Intelligence quotient (IQ) relationship with energy intake and micronutrient composition among primary school children in Baghdad city, Iraq",
abstract = "Nutrient component of diet is very important, especially for children during the development stages. Diet rich in vitamins and minerals is essential for healthy children. This study was conducted to assess the associations between energy intake, macronutrient composition and child Intelligence Quotient (IQ) score. A cross-sectional study was conducted among children aged 7 to 8 years old from 5 primary schools in Baghdad city. Dietary intake was assessed using 24-hour dietary recall. Body weight status was determined using weight and height. While intelligence quotient was evaluated using Raven Colored Progressive Matrices. A total of 480 children participated in this study. The mean age was 8.00±0.56 years. Mean energy intake among the children was 1, 020 kcal per day. There were excessive intake of vitamin B1, B2 and B3 (0.88, 1.12, 12.27 mg) respectively. Both low and normal IQ groups showed a large difference in vitamin A and iodine intakes. After adjusting for confounders, parental working status, Iodine level and child nutritional status still appeared to be the most important factors influencing child IQ. It is concluded that sufficient nutrient intake is very important during child cognitive development. Child nutritional status and iodine deficiency were the most important factors related to child's intelligence among the respondents.",
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author = "{Faisal Ghazi}, Hasanain and {Md Isa}, Zaleha and {Syed Junid}, {Syed Mohamed Al-Junid} and Shah, {Shamsul Azhar} and Abdalqader, {Mohammed A.}",
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AU - Syed Junid, Syed Mohamed Al-Junid

AU - Shah, Shamsul Azhar

AU - Abdalqader, Mohammed A.

PY - 2013

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