Intangible factors influencing gender differences in educational attainment using an abductive research strategy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Many kinds of factors shape gender inequalities in native societies. Some of the most crucial factors are intangible and therefore difficult to measure. Qualitative investigations such as the abductive research strategies help to overcome this difficulty. An abductive research approach penetrates into the social actors' contexts to provide valuable insights into the worldview and indigenous knowledge of a particular native community. This paper deciphers intangible factors that influence gender differences in the educational attainment of Bidayuh native men and women using an abductive research design. Insights were gathered through in-depth interviews with 50 respondents. The qualitative data were analysed based on the narrative themes. The findings showed that Bidayuh women had lower educational attainment than men because of cultural and historical factors that shaped gender differences. The cultural factors were negative stereotypes, lack of recognition, greater emphasis on productive roles of men, financial disincentives and lack of moral support. Alongside, historical colonial conditions reinforced women's position in the domestic space. In conclusion, the importance of culture and historical conditioning in shaping gender differences in the educational attainment of natives cannot be over-emphasised. This means that policy makers should pay premium attention to local cultural and historical conditions of native communities in formulating policies for the educational empowerment of native women. Future studies should address the micro-interaction between cultural and historical factors in shaping gendered educational attainment, for which abductive research can provide the methodological tool.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)46-52
Number of pages7
JournalWorld Applied Sciences Journal
Volume13
Issue number13 SPECIAL ISSUE
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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gender-specific factors
lack
social actor
cultural factors
worldview
premium
conditioning
research approach
research planning
community
stereotype
empowerment
narrative
gender
interaction
interview
society
knowledge

Keywords

  • Abductive Research Strategy
  • Bidayuh Community
  • Culture Historical
  • Educational Attainment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

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title = "Intangible factors influencing gender differences in educational attainment using an abductive research strategy",
abstract = "Many kinds of factors shape gender inequalities in native societies. Some of the most crucial factors are intangible and therefore difficult to measure. Qualitative investigations such as the abductive research strategies help to overcome this difficulty. An abductive research approach penetrates into the social actors' contexts to provide valuable insights into the worldview and indigenous knowledge of a particular native community. This paper deciphers intangible factors that influence gender differences in the educational attainment of Bidayuh native men and women using an abductive research design. Insights were gathered through in-depth interviews with 50 respondents. The qualitative data were analysed based on the narrative themes. The findings showed that Bidayuh women had lower educational attainment than men because of cultural and historical factors that shaped gender differences. The cultural factors were negative stereotypes, lack of recognition, greater emphasis on productive roles of men, financial disincentives and lack of moral support. Alongside, historical colonial conditions reinforced women's position in the domestic space. In conclusion, the importance of culture and historical conditioning in shaping gender differences in the educational attainment of natives cannot be over-emphasised. This means that policy makers should pay premium attention to local cultural and historical conditions of native communities in formulating policies for the educational empowerment of native women. Future studies should address the micro-interaction between cultural and historical factors in shaping gendered educational attainment, for which abductive research can provide the methodological tool.",
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author = "Novel Lyndon and {V. Selvadurai}, Sivapalan and Er, {Ah Choy} and {Mat Jali}, {Mohd. Fuad} and M. Zaidah and M. Aishah and Buang, {Amiah @ Amriah}",
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