Influence of polyacrilonitrile (PAN) concentration on the mechanical and physical properties of electrospun fibres

Siti Saniah Ab Karim, Abu Bakar Sulong, Che Husna Azhari, Min Hwei Ng, Mohd Reusmaazran Yusof

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Electrospinning is direct process to produce polymer fibre with high specific surface area ratio. Apart from polymer fibre producing; electrospinning also can produce a continuous nano size of polymer fibre, which the benefit of this process is the fibre can be produced straight away with lower cost than conventional melt spinning process. Recently, successful attempts have been made to produce polymer fibre by adjusting the parameters of electrospinning such as the collector distance, needle size, polymer concentration voltage applied. From this study, the electrospun fibre was distributed randomly on collector plate surface. The diameter of the fibre produced increase as the polymer concentration was increased. The fibre distribution does not affected by the differ polymer concentrations electrospun, but there were polymer beads formed at the low polymer concentration in solvents. The fiber elongation value is the highest by polymer fiber of 9 wt % while the highest strength is by polymer fiber of 7 wt %. The polymer fibre with low concentration consequently showed the brittle characteristic.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationKey Engineering Materials
Pages43-48
Number of pages6
Volume471-472
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Event8th International Conference on Composite Science and Technology, ICCST8 - Kuala Lumpur
Duration: 22 Mar 201124 Mar 2011

Publication series

NameKey Engineering Materials
Volume471-472
ISSN (Print)10139826

Other

Other8th International Conference on Composite Science and Technology, ICCST8
CityKuala Lumpur
Period22/3/1124/3/11

Fingerprint

Polymers
Physical properties
Mechanical properties
Fibers
Electrospinning
Melt spinning
Specific surface area
Needles
Elongation
Electric potential

Keywords

  • Electrospinning
  • Mechanical properties
  • Nano fibres
  • Physical properties
  • Polymer concentration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Karim, S. S. A., Sulong, A. B., Azhari, C. H., Ng, M. H., & Yusof, M. R. (2011). Influence of polyacrilonitrile (PAN) concentration on the mechanical and physical properties of electrospun fibres. In Key Engineering Materials (Vol. 471-472, pp. 43-48). (Key Engineering Materials; Vol. 471-472). https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/KEM.471-472.43

Influence of polyacrilonitrile (PAN) concentration on the mechanical and physical properties of electrospun fibres. / Karim, Siti Saniah Ab; Sulong, Abu Bakar; Azhari, Che Husna; Ng, Min Hwei; Yusof, Mohd Reusmaazran.

Key Engineering Materials. Vol. 471-472 2011. p. 43-48 (Key Engineering Materials; Vol. 471-472).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Karim, SSA, Sulong, AB, Azhari, CH, Ng, MH & Yusof, MR 2011, Influence of polyacrilonitrile (PAN) concentration on the mechanical and physical properties of electrospun fibres. in Key Engineering Materials. vol. 471-472, Key Engineering Materials, vol. 471-472, pp. 43-48, 8th International Conference on Composite Science and Technology, ICCST8, Kuala Lumpur, 22/3/11. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/KEM.471-472.43
Karim, Siti Saniah Ab ; Sulong, Abu Bakar ; Azhari, Che Husna ; Ng, Min Hwei ; Yusof, Mohd Reusmaazran. / Influence of polyacrilonitrile (PAN) concentration on the mechanical and physical properties of electrospun fibres. Key Engineering Materials. Vol. 471-472 2011. pp. 43-48 (Key Engineering Materials).
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