Influence of PET wastes on the environment and high strength concrete properties exposed to high temperatures

Ibrahim H. Alfahdawi, S. A. Osman, Roszilah Hamid, Abdulkader Ismail AL-Hadithi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The accumulation of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) waste from single use of drinking water bottles and fly ash (FA) generated from power stations has become the main threats to the environment every year. The cement production increases with increasing concrete demand worldwide, thereby increasing pollution caused by emission of CO and CO2 from manufacturing processes. High-strength concrete (HSC) is brittle and has low tensile strength. Moreover, HSC has low porosity and thus suffers from spalls at high temperatures. The importance of this study is to investigate the effect of PET waste on the hardened properties of HSC, reduce the HSC spalls, measures the CO and CO2 gases releases from specimens contains PET waste exposed to high temperatures and reduce the cement used in concrete. In this study, 0.25% of coarse aggregate weight was replaced by PET fiber waste and FA was used by 30%, 35%, and 40% instead of cement weight. Nanosilica (NS) material was used by 2.5%, 5%, and 7.5% of cement weight to compensate the expected strength reduction after using FA and PET. A part of the specimens was exposed to 400 °C and 700 °C to investigate the effect of high temperatures on compressive strength, flexural strength, spalling, porosity, CO and CO2 emissions, and concrete color changes. Results showed that the compressive and flexural strength were improved by the presence of FA and NS but reduced by elevated temperatures. Spalls appeared in specimens containing NS exposed to 700 °C but not in specimens containing PET combined with NS. The porosity of the control specimens increased with increasing temperature, while presence of FA and NS in HSC specimens refined the pores by 50%. The color of the specimen surface changed with increasing temperature. Hence, specimens containing PET waste and exposed to high temperatures released CO gas at concentrations higher than the allowed limitations to human breath in a closed environment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)358-370
Number of pages13
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Volume225
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Nov 2019

Fingerprint

Polyethylene Terephthalates
Polyethylene terephthalates
Coal Ash
Concretes
Fly ash
Carbon Monoxide
Cements
Temperature
Porosity
Bending strength
Compressive strength
Gases
Color
Spalling
Bottles
Potable water
Drinking Water
Pollution
Tensile strength
Fibers

Keywords

  • Carbon monoxide
  • Compressive strength
  • High temperatures
  • Plastic waste
  • Porosity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Influence of PET wastes on the environment and high strength concrete properties exposed to high temperatures. / Alfahdawi, Ibrahim H.; Osman, S. A.; Hamid, Roszilah; AL-Hadithi, Abdulkader Ismail.

In: Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 225, 20.11.2019, p. 358-370.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Alfahdawi, Ibrahim H. ; Osman, S. A. ; Hamid, Roszilah ; AL-Hadithi, Abdulkader Ismail. / Influence of PET wastes on the environment and high strength concrete properties exposed to high temperatures. In: Construction and Building Materials. 2019 ; Vol. 225. pp. 358-370.
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