Incidence of firearm-related deaths and epidemiology in Klangvalley, Malaysia from 2006 To 2016

A retrospective study

Rabiatul Adawiyah, Noor Hazfalinda Hamzah, Sri Pawita Albakri Amir Hamzah, Nur Hamizah Md Udin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Death due to firearm is more common in countries with higher gun ownership such as United States of America compared to countries with restrictive gun ownership such as European countries and Malaysia. However, the increasing number of shooting cases in Malaysia recently should not be overlooked. This study was carried out to investigate the incidence of firearm-related deaths and epidemiology in Klang Valley for 11-year period. The demographic data on the incidence of firearm-related deaths from 2006 to 2016 was collected retrospectively from four government hospitals in Klang Valley. 204 cases of firearm-related deaths were reported with irregular trend of the incidence throughout the 11-year period. The results revealed that most victims were male, aged between 30 to 34 years old and Malaysian citizen. Firearms fatalities were higher among Malaysian specifically Indian, as compared to non-Malaysian. Most firearms fatalities were homicides and took place during late night between 12.00 am to 5.59 am. The highest cause of death was head injury due to gunshot wound. It is hoped that this study will raise awareness to Malaysian citizen regarding firearm-related cases and to develop strategies to overcome the issue of gun violence in Malaysia with appropriate authorities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)51-61
Number of pages11
JournalMalaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine
Volume2018
Issue numberSpecialissue1
Publication statusPublished - 31 Mar 2018

Fingerprint

Malaysia
Firearms
Epidemiology
Retrospective Studies
Incidence
Ownership
Gunshot Wounds
Homicide
Craniocerebral Trauma
Violence
Cause of Death
Demography

Keywords

  • Firearm fatalities
  • Firearms demographic data
  • Firearms epidemiology
  • Gun violence Klang Valley
  • Gunshot wound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Incidence of firearm-related deaths and epidemiology in Klangvalley, Malaysia from 2006 To 2016 : A retrospective study. / Adawiyah, Rabiatul; Hamzah, Noor Hazfalinda; Amir Hamzah, Sri Pawita Albakri; Md Udin, Nur Hamizah.

In: Malaysian Journal of Public Health Medicine, Vol. 2018, No. Specialissue1, 31.03.2018, p. 51-61.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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