Incidence of dry eye in a sample population in Kuala Lumpur

Bariah Mohd. Ali, Leong Set Fee, Haliza Abdul Mutalib, Norhani Mohidin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Dry eye disease is one of the most frequently encountered ocular problems and yet limited prevalence data on Asian population is available in the literature. Aims and Objective: To determine the incidence of dry eye in a sample population in Kuala Lumpur using the McMonnies dry eye questionnaire (MDEQ). Methods: Around 900 subjects were invited to participate in this study. The MDEQ was distributed to all subjects and the survey was self administered. The results were analyzed using t-test and ANOVA. Results: A total of 850 subjects completed the MDEQ with 375 (44.1%) males and 475 (55.9%) females. The age distribution was 353 (41.5%) under 25 years (Group 1), 247 (29.1%) between 25 to 45 years (Group 2) and 250 (29.4%) above 45 years (Group 3). Around 44% were Malays, 48.1% Chinese, 7.4% Indians and 0.5% from other races. 14.6% of the population was having dry eye. Mean score for all subjects were 9.38±5.63 with significantly higher score (10.01±5.86) for females than males (8.57 ±5.21) (p=0.02). No significant difference was detected between races (p=0.07). Following age, mean score for Group 1, 2 and 3 was 6.80± 4.01, 10.17±5.64 and 12.24±5.96 respectively with significant difference between Group 1 and other groups (p<0.05). Conclusion: Around 15% of the sample population is having dry eye, with higher score in females and older age groups. The MDEQ should be considered by eye care practitioners for screening dry eye and the results may improve the management of dry eye problems in this region.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)839-845
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Collaborative Research on Internal Medicine and Public Health
Volume3
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2011

Fingerprint

Incidence
Population
Eye Diseases
Age Distribution
Analysis of Variance
Age Groups
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • Dry eye
  • Mcmonnies dry eye questionnaire
  • Normal population
  • Tears

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Internal Medicine
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Incidence of dry eye in a sample population in Kuala Lumpur. / Mohd. Ali, Bariah; Fee, Leong Set; Abdul Mutalib, Haliza; Mohidin, Norhani.

In: International Journal of Collaborative Research on Internal Medicine and Public Health, Vol. 3, No. 11, 11.2011, p. 839-845.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Background: Dry eye disease is one of the most frequently encountered ocular problems and yet limited prevalence data on Asian population is available in the literature. Aims and Objective: To determine the incidence of dry eye in a sample population in Kuala Lumpur using the McMonnies dry eye questionnaire (MDEQ). Methods: Around 900 subjects were invited to participate in this study. The MDEQ was distributed to all subjects and the survey was self administered. The results were analyzed using t-test and ANOVA. Results: A total of 850 subjects completed the MDEQ with 375 (44.1{\%}) males and 475 (55.9{\%}) females. The age distribution was 353 (41.5{\%}) under 25 years (Group 1), 247 (29.1{\%}) between 25 to 45 years (Group 2) and 250 (29.4{\%}) above 45 years (Group 3). Around 44{\%} were Malays, 48.1{\%} Chinese, 7.4{\%} Indians and 0.5{\%} from other races. 14.6{\%} of the population was having dry eye. Mean score for all subjects were 9.38±5.63 with significantly higher score (10.01±5.86) for females than males (8.57 ±5.21) (p=0.02). No significant difference was detected between races (p=0.07). Following age, mean score for Group 1, 2 and 3 was 6.80± 4.01, 10.17±5.64 and 12.24±5.96 respectively with significant difference between Group 1 and other groups (p<0.05). Conclusion: Around 15{\%} of the sample population is having dry eye, with higher score in females and older age groups. The MDEQ should be considered by eye care practitioners for screening dry eye and the results may improve the management of dry eye problems in this region.",
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