Impregnated carbon–ionic liquid as innovative adsorbent for H2/CO2 separation from biohydrogen

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Currently, purification is a considerably important technology for biohydrogen (bioH2) production as a renewable energy resource. Adsorption methods are promising techniques for separation of CO2 from the H2/CO2 mixture of bioH2. In this study, the adsorbent is synthesized by impregnating activated carbon (AC) with ionic liquid (IL). The ILs were prepared using choline chloride and zinc chloride at different wt% with the AC, i.e., 0.5 wt%–3 wt%. The physical and chemical properties of the synthesized adsorbents, such as surface morphology, porosity, and structures, were investigated and characterized by using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and Brunauer–Emmett–Teller analysis (BET). To investigate the actual adsorption performances, the effects of different synthesized adsorbent types and feed gas flow rates, i.e., 0.1–1.0 L min−1, were observed. Hence, a commercial gas composed of CO2 and H2 mixture with different compositions, i.e., 40, 50, and 60 vol%, was used as synthetic bioH2 gas. The adsorption capacity of CO2, i.e., adsorption capacity, were determined using single adsorber column (0.6 L) at a temperature of 300 K and pressure of 1 bar. Results showed that adsorption capacity decreased with the increased feed gas flow rate. Moreover, the carbon impregnated with 1 wt% of IL showed the most excellent adsorption capacity at 84.89 mg of CO2/g of adsorbent. The present results are the initial findings generated for the bioH2 separation technology for future high-purity hydrogen production.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 1 Jan 2018

Fingerprint

adsorbents
Adsorbents
Adsorption
adsorption
Liquids
liquids
activated carbon
Ionic liquids
Activated carbon
gas flow
Flow of gases
flow velocity
chlorides
Flow rate
impregnating
zinc chlorides
Zinc chloride
Renewable energy resources
choline
renewable energy

Keywords

  • Adsorbent
  • Adsorption
  • CO removal
  • Gas purification
  • Ionic liquid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

@article{d84866e52bbc43d38619720f7e05c1a5,
title = "Impregnated carbon–ionic liquid as innovative adsorbent for H2/CO2 separation from biohydrogen",
abstract = "Currently, purification is a considerably important technology for biohydrogen (bioH2) production as a renewable energy resource. Adsorption methods are promising techniques for separation of CO2 from the H2/CO2 mixture of bioH2. In this study, the adsorbent is synthesized by impregnating activated carbon (AC) with ionic liquid (IL). The ILs were prepared using choline chloride and zinc chloride at different wt{\%} with the AC, i.e., 0.5 wt{\%}–3 wt{\%}. The physical and chemical properties of the synthesized adsorbents, such as surface morphology, porosity, and structures, were investigated and characterized by using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and Brunauer–Emmett–Teller analysis (BET). To investigate the actual adsorption performances, the effects of different synthesized adsorbent types and feed gas flow rates, i.e., 0.1–1.0 L min−1, were observed. Hence, a commercial gas composed of CO2 and H2 mixture with different compositions, i.e., 40, 50, and 60 vol{\%}, was used as synthetic bioH2 gas. The adsorption capacity of CO2, i.e., adsorption capacity, were determined using single adsorber column (0.6 L) at a temperature of 300 K and pressure of 1 bar. Results showed that adsorption capacity decreased with the increased feed gas flow rate. Moreover, the carbon impregnated with 1 wt{\%} of IL showed the most excellent adsorption capacity at 84.89 mg of CO2/g of adsorbent. The present results are the initial findings generated for the bioH2 separation technology for future high-purity hydrogen production.",
keywords = "Adsorbent, Adsorption, CO removal, Gas purification, Ionic liquid",
author = "Yusuf, {N. Y.M.} and {Mastar @ Masdar}, {Mohd Shahbudin} and {Wan Nor Roslam}, {Wan Isahak} and Darman Nordin and Teuku Husaini and Edy Herianto and Wu, {S. Y.} and Rejab, {S. A.M.} and Lye, {C. C.}",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.ijhydene.2018.06.155",
language = "English",
journal = "International Journal of Hydrogen Energy",
issn = "0360-3199",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Impregnated carbon–ionic liquid as innovative adsorbent for H2/CO2 separation from biohydrogen

AU - Yusuf, N. Y.M.

AU - Mastar @ Masdar, Mohd Shahbudin

AU - Wan Nor Roslam, Wan Isahak

AU - Nordin, Darman

AU - Husaini, Teuku

AU - Herianto, Edy

AU - Wu, S. Y.

AU - Rejab, S. A.M.

AU - Lye, C. C.

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - Currently, purification is a considerably important technology for biohydrogen (bioH2) production as a renewable energy resource. Adsorption methods are promising techniques for separation of CO2 from the H2/CO2 mixture of bioH2. In this study, the adsorbent is synthesized by impregnating activated carbon (AC) with ionic liquid (IL). The ILs were prepared using choline chloride and zinc chloride at different wt% with the AC, i.e., 0.5 wt%–3 wt%. The physical and chemical properties of the synthesized adsorbents, such as surface morphology, porosity, and structures, were investigated and characterized by using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and Brunauer–Emmett–Teller analysis (BET). To investigate the actual adsorption performances, the effects of different synthesized adsorbent types and feed gas flow rates, i.e., 0.1–1.0 L min−1, were observed. Hence, a commercial gas composed of CO2 and H2 mixture with different compositions, i.e., 40, 50, and 60 vol%, was used as synthetic bioH2 gas. The adsorption capacity of CO2, i.e., adsorption capacity, were determined using single adsorber column (0.6 L) at a temperature of 300 K and pressure of 1 bar. Results showed that adsorption capacity decreased with the increased feed gas flow rate. Moreover, the carbon impregnated with 1 wt% of IL showed the most excellent adsorption capacity at 84.89 mg of CO2/g of adsorbent. The present results are the initial findings generated for the bioH2 separation technology for future high-purity hydrogen production.

AB - Currently, purification is a considerably important technology for biohydrogen (bioH2) production as a renewable energy resource. Adsorption methods are promising techniques for separation of CO2 from the H2/CO2 mixture of bioH2. In this study, the adsorbent is synthesized by impregnating activated carbon (AC) with ionic liquid (IL). The ILs were prepared using choline chloride and zinc chloride at different wt% with the AC, i.e., 0.5 wt%–3 wt%. The physical and chemical properties of the synthesized adsorbents, such as surface morphology, porosity, and structures, were investigated and characterized by using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and Brunauer–Emmett–Teller analysis (BET). To investigate the actual adsorption performances, the effects of different synthesized adsorbent types and feed gas flow rates, i.e., 0.1–1.0 L min−1, were observed. Hence, a commercial gas composed of CO2 and H2 mixture with different compositions, i.e., 40, 50, and 60 vol%, was used as synthetic bioH2 gas. The adsorption capacity of CO2, i.e., adsorption capacity, were determined using single adsorber column (0.6 L) at a temperature of 300 K and pressure of 1 bar. Results showed that adsorption capacity decreased with the increased feed gas flow rate. Moreover, the carbon impregnated with 1 wt% of IL showed the most excellent adsorption capacity at 84.89 mg of CO2/g of adsorbent. The present results are the initial findings generated for the bioH2 separation technology for future high-purity hydrogen production.

KW - Adsorbent

KW - Adsorption

KW - CO removal

KW - Gas purification

KW - Ionic liquid

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SN - 0360-3199

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