Implicit theories and self-perceptions of traitedness across cultures: Toward integration of cultural and trait psychology perspectives

A. Timothy Church, Marcia S. Katigbak, Alicia M. Del Prado, Fernando A. Ortiz, Khairul Anwar @ Johari Mastor, Yu Harumi, Junko Tanaka-Matsumi, José De Jesús Vargas-Flores, Joselina Ibáñez-Reyes, Fiona A. White, Lilia G. Miramontes, Jose Alberto S Reyes, Helena F. Cabrera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

49 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

From the trait perspective, traitedness, or consistency of behavior, is expected in all cultures. However, cultural psychologists argue that behavior may be more determined by traits in individualistic than collectivistic cultures. The authors investigated implicit theories and self-perceptions of traitedness in two individualistic cultures, the United States (n = 342) and Australia (n = 172), and four collectivistic cultures, Mexico (n = 400), Philippines (n = 363), Malaysia (n = 251), and Japan (n = 192). Although implicit trait beliefs were endorsed in all cultural groups, they were stronger in individualistic than collectivistic cultures. Cultural differences in self-perceptions of one's own traitedness, as operationalized by self-monitoring, were also found, and comparisons involving the United States and most collectivistic cultures were consistent with cultural psychology perspectives. The ability of self-construals to predict implicit beliefs and self-perceptions of traitedness was also investigated. Overall, the results supported efforts to integrate trait and cultural psychology perspectives.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)694-716
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of Cross-Cultural Psychology
Volume37
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2006
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Self Concept
self-image
psychology
Psychology
cultural psychology
Aptitude
Philippines
Malaysia
Mexico
Japan
cultural difference
psychologist
monitoring
ability
Group

Keywords

  • Cultural psychology
  • Implicit theories
  • Self-construals
  • Self-monitoring
  • Traits

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Social Psychology

Cite this

Implicit theories and self-perceptions of traitedness across cultures : Toward integration of cultural and trait psychology perspectives. / Church, A. Timothy; Katigbak, Marcia S.; Del Prado, Alicia M.; Ortiz, Fernando A.; Mastor, Khairul Anwar @ Johari; Harumi, Yu; Tanaka-Matsumi, Junko; Vargas-Flores, José De Jesús; Ibáñez-Reyes, Joselina; White, Fiona A.; Miramontes, Lilia G.; Reyes, Jose Alberto S; Cabrera, Helena F.

In: Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, Vol. 37, No. 6, 11.2006, p. 694-716.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Church, AT, Katigbak, MS, Del Prado, AM, Ortiz, FA, Mastor, KAJ, Harumi, Y, Tanaka-Matsumi, J, Vargas-Flores, JDJ, Ibáñez-Reyes, J, White, FA, Miramontes, LG, Reyes, JAS & Cabrera, HF 2006, 'Implicit theories and self-perceptions of traitedness across cultures: Toward integration of cultural and trait psychology perspectives', Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, vol. 37, no. 6, pp. 694-716. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022022106292078
Church, A. Timothy ; Katigbak, Marcia S. ; Del Prado, Alicia M. ; Ortiz, Fernando A. ; Mastor, Khairul Anwar @ Johari ; Harumi, Yu ; Tanaka-Matsumi, Junko ; Vargas-Flores, José De Jesús ; Ibáñez-Reyes, Joselina ; White, Fiona A. ; Miramontes, Lilia G. ; Reyes, Jose Alberto S ; Cabrera, Helena F. / Implicit theories and self-perceptions of traitedness across cultures : Toward integration of cultural and trait psychology perspectives. In: Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. 2006 ; Vol. 37, No. 6. pp. 694-716.
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