Implications of drying temperature and humidity on the drying kinetics of seaweed

Majid Khan Majahar Ali, Ahmad Fudholi, M. S. Muthuvalu, Jumat Sulaiman, Suhaimi Md Yasir

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

A Low Temperature and Humidity Chamber Test tested in the Solar Energy Laboratory, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia. Experiments are attempted to study the effect of drying air temperature and humidity on the drying kinetics of seaweed Kappaphycus species Striatum besides to develop a model to estimate the drying curves. Simple method using a excel software is used in the analysis of raw data obtained from the drying experiment. The values of the parameters a, n and the constant k for the models are determined using a plot of curve drying models. Three different drying models are compared with experiment data seaweed drying at 30, 40, 50 and 60°C and relative humidity 20, 30 and 40% for seaweed. The higher drying temperatures and low relative humidity effects the moisture content that will be rapidly reduced. The most suitable model is selected to best describe the drying behavior of seaweed. The values of the coefficient of determination (R2), mean bias error (MBE) and root mean square error (RMSE) are used to determine the goodness or the quality of the fit. The Page model is showed a better fit to drying seaweed. The results from this study crucial for solar dryer development on pilot scale in Malaysia.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 13th IMT-GT International Conference on Mathematics, Statistics and their Applications, ICMSA 2017
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
Volume1905
ISBN (Electronic)9780735415959
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Nov 2017
Event13th IMT-GT International Conference on Mathematics, Statistics and their Applications, ICMSA 2017 - Kedah, Malaysia
Duration: 4 Dec 20177 Dec 2017

Other

Other13th IMT-GT International Conference on Mathematics, Statistics and their Applications, ICMSA 2017
CountryMalaysia
CityKedah
Period4/12/177/12/17

Fingerprint

seaweeds
drying
humidity
kinetics
Malaysia
temperature
drying apparatus
test chambers
root-mean-square errors
solar energy
curves
moisture content
plots

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Ali, M. K. M., Fudholi, A., Muthuvalu, M. S., Sulaiman, J., & Yasir, S. M. (2017). Implications of drying temperature and humidity on the drying kinetics of seaweed. In Proceedings of the 13th IMT-GT International Conference on Mathematics, Statistics and their Applications, ICMSA 2017 (Vol. 1905). [050004] American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5012223

Implications of drying temperature and humidity on the drying kinetics of seaweed. / Ali, Majid Khan Majahar; Fudholi, Ahmad; Muthuvalu, M. S.; Sulaiman, Jumat; Yasir, Suhaimi Md.

Proceedings of the 13th IMT-GT International Conference on Mathematics, Statistics and their Applications, ICMSA 2017. Vol. 1905 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2017. 050004.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Ali, MKM, Fudholi, A, Muthuvalu, MS, Sulaiman, J & Yasir, SM 2017, Implications of drying temperature and humidity on the drying kinetics of seaweed. in Proceedings of the 13th IMT-GT International Conference on Mathematics, Statistics and their Applications, ICMSA 2017. vol. 1905, 050004, American Institute of Physics Inc., 13th IMT-GT International Conference on Mathematics, Statistics and their Applications, ICMSA 2017, Kedah, Malaysia, 4/12/17. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5012223
Ali MKM, Fudholi A, Muthuvalu MS, Sulaiman J, Yasir SM. Implications of drying temperature and humidity on the drying kinetics of seaweed. In Proceedings of the 13th IMT-GT International Conference on Mathematics, Statistics and their Applications, ICMSA 2017. Vol. 1905. American Institute of Physics Inc. 2017. 050004 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5012223
Ali, Majid Khan Majahar ; Fudholi, Ahmad ; Muthuvalu, M. S. ; Sulaiman, Jumat ; Yasir, Suhaimi Md. / Implications of drying temperature and humidity on the drying kinetics of seaweed. Proceedings of the 13th IMT-GT International Conference on Mathematics, Statistics and their Applications, ICMSA 2017. Vol. 1905 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2017.
@inproceedings{cf3ef47d1bc54d2eb2155643174d9862,
title = "Implications of drying temperature and humidity on the drying kinetics of seaweed",
abstract = "A Low Temperature and Humidity Chamber Test tested in the Solar Energy Laboratory, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia. Experiments are attempted to study the effect of drying air temperature and humidity on the drying kinetics of seaweed Kappaphycus species Striatum besides to develop a model to estimate the drying curves. Simple method using a excel software is used in the analysis of raw data obtained from the drying experiment. The values of the parameters a, n and the constant k for the models are determined using a plot of curve drying models. Three different drying models are compared with experiment data seaweed drying at 30, 40, 50 and 60°C and relative humidity 20, 30 and 40{\%} for seaweed. The higher drying temperatures and low relative humidity effects the moisture content that will be rapidly reduced. The most suitable model is selected to best describe the drying behavior of seaweed. The values of the coefficient of determination (R2), mean bias error (MBE) and root mean square error (RMSE) are used to determine the goodness or the quality of the fit. The Page model is showed a better fit to drying seaweed. The results from this study crucial for solar dryer development on pilot scale in Malaysia.",
author = "Ali, {Majid Khan Majahar} and Ahmad Fudholi and Muthuvalu, {M. S.} and Jumat Sulaiman and Yasir, {Suhaimi Md}",
year = "2017",
month = "11",
day = "22",
doi = "10.1063/1.5012223",
language = "English",
volume = "1905",
booktitle = "Proceedings of the 13th IMT-GT International Conference on Mathematics, Statistics and their Applications, ICMSA 2017",
publisher = "American Institute of Physics Inc.",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Implications of drying temperature and humidity on the drying kinetics of seaweed

AU - Ali, Majid Khan Majahar

AU - Fudholi, Ahmad

AU - Muthuvalu, M. S.

AU - Sulaiman, Jumat

AU - Yasir, Suhaimi Md

PY - 2017/11/22

Y1 - 2017/11/22

N2 - A Low Temperature and Humidity Chamber Test tested in the Solar Energy Laboratory, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia. Experiments are attempted to study the effect of drying air temperature and humidity on the drying kinetics of seaweed Kappaphycus species Striatum besides to develop a model to estimate the drying curves. Simple method using a excel software is used in the analysis of raw data obtained from the drying experiment. The values of the parameters a, n and the constant k for the models are determined using a plot of curve drying models. Three different drying models are compared with experiment data seaweed drying at 30, 40, 50 and 60°C and relative humidity 20, 30 and 40% for seaweed. The higher drying temperatures and low relative humidity effects the moisture content that will be rapidly reduced. The most suitable model is selected to best describe the drying behavior of seaweed. The values of the coefficient of determination (R2), mean bias error (MBE) and root mean square error (RMSE) are used to determine the goodness or the quality of the fit. The Page model is showed a better fit to drying seaweed. The results from this study crucial for solar dryer development on pilot scale in Malaysia.

AB - A Low Temperature and Humidity Chamber Test tested in the Solar Energy Laboratory, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia. Experiments are attempted to study the effect of drying air temperature and humidity on the drying kinetics of seaweed Kappaphycus species Striatum besides to develop a model to estimate the drying curves. Simple method using a excel software is used in the analysis of raw data obtained from the drying experiment. The values of the parameters a, n and the constant k for the models are determined using a plot of curve drying models. Three different drying models are compared with experiment data seaweed drying at 30, 40, 50 and 60°C and relative humidity 20, 30 and 40% for seaweed. The higher drying temperatures and low relative humidity effects the moisture content that will be rapidly reduced. The most suitable model is selected to best describe the drying behavior of seaweed. The values of the coefficient of determination (R2), mean bias error (MBE) and root mean square error (RMSE) are used to determine the goodness or the quality of the fit. The Page model is showed a better fit to drying seaweed. The results from this study crucial for solar dryer development on pilot scale in Malaysia.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85036640900&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85036640900&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1063/1.5012223

DO - 10.1063/1.5012223

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:85036640900

VL - 1905

BT - Proceedings of the 13th IMT-GT International Conference on Mathematics, Statistics and their Applications, ICMSA 2017

PB - American Institute of Physics Inc.

ER -