Impacts of Hulu Terengganu Hydroelectric Project on Elephant Movements and Home Range

D. Magintan, S. Salman, L. Tukimat, M. H. Shahril, M. S. Aisah, M. N. Shukor

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

The impacts of the Hulu Terengganu Hydroelectric Project (Terengganu, Peninsular Malaysia) on the home ranges and movements of elephants, before and after construction, were evaluated. Five elephants were captured, collared and released between 14 April, 2014 and 28 January, 2015. These elephants were given names Puah (female), Sireh (male), Sulaing (female), Ree (female) and Rong (male). The elephants were tracked, and their locations were analysed to provide an estimation of their home ranges and movement rates and patterns within the dam catchment area. The impacts of dam construction on these were evaluated based on the assessment of four phases of the project construction (Phase 1), early inundation (Phase 2), late inundation (Phase 3) and early operation (Phase 4). The home ranges of the elephants in each phase were estimated as being between 9.65 km2 and 60.62 km2, while the daily distances travelled (or movement rates) were 1.08 km/day to 2.09 km/day. We found that there were both direct and indirect impacts from the construction and inundation phases of the dam on the elephants’ home ranges and movement rates. Nevertheless, the elephants were able to adapt to the attendant changes, with no reports of displaced and conflicting elephants. The home range area and movement rate stabilised at the end of the inundation process. Hydroelectric construction in elephant habitats should consider leaving a large surrounding area untouched to allow them to maintain their populations.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWater Resources Development and Management
PublisherSpringer
Pages500-510
Number of pages11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020

Publication series

NameWater Resources Development and Management
ISSN (Print)1614-810X
ISSN (Electronic)2198-316X

Fingerprint

elephant
home range
Dams
Catchments
dam
project
dam construction
rate
habitat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Cite this

Magintan, D., Salman, S., Tukimat, L., Shahril, M. H., Aisah, M. S., & Shukor, M. N. (2020). Impacts of Hulu Terengganu Hydroelectric Project on Elephant Movements and Home Range. In Water Resources Development and Management (pp. 500-510). (Water Resources Development and Management). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-15-1971-0_50

Impacts of Hulu Terengganu Hydroelectric Project on Elephant Movements and Home Range. / Magintan, D.; Salman, S.; Tukimat, L.; Shahril, M. H.; Aisah, M. S.; Shukor, M. N.

Water Resources Development and Management. Springer, 2020. p. 500-510 (Water Resources Development and Management).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Magintan, D, Salman, S, Tukimat, L, Shahril, MH, Aisah, MS & Shukor, MN 2020, Impacts of Hulu Terengganu Hydroelectric Project on Elephant Movements and Home Range. in Water Resources Development and Management. Water Resources Development and Management, Springer, pp. 500-510. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-15-1971-0_50
Magintan D, Salman S, Tukimat L, Shahril MH, Aisah MS, Shukor MN. Impacts of Hulu Terengganu Hydroelectric Project on Elephant Movements and Home Range. In Water Resources Development and Management. Springer. 2020. p. 500-510. (Water Resources Development and Management). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-15-1971-0_50
Magintan, D. ; Salman, S. ; Tukimat, L. ; Shahril, M. H. ; Aisah, M. S. ; Shukor, M. N. / Impacts of Hulu Terengganu Hydroelectric Project on Elephant Movements and Home Range. Water Resources Development and Management. Springer, 2020. pp. 500-510 (Water Resources Development and Management).
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