Impacts of climate change on oil palm production in Malaysia

Md Sujahangir Kabir Sarkar, Rawshan Ara Begum, Joy Jacqueline Pereira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Studies reveal that climate change (CC) has higher negative impacts on agricultural production than positive impacts. Therefore, this article attempts to explore the impacts of CC on oil palm production in Malaysia and provides mitigation and adaptation strategies towards reducing such impacts. The multiple regression analysis is applied to assess the impacts of CC on oil palm production by using time series data in the period of 1980 to 2010. A negative and significant relationship is found between annual average temperature and oil palm production. If temperature rises by 1 °C, 2 °C, 3 °C, and 4 °C, production of oil palm can decrease from a range of 10 to 41%. This article has also found a negative impact of sea level rise (SLR) on oil palm production. Findings reveal that if areas under oil palm production decrease by 2%, 4%, and 8% due to SLR of 0.5, 1, and 2 m, oil palm production can decrease by 1.98%, 3.96%, and 7.92%, respectively, indicating that CC has a significant impact on the reduction of oil palm production in Malaysia, ultimately affecting the sustainability of oil palm sector in Malaysia. Finally, this study suggests to practice appropriate mitigation and adaptation strategies, including promotion and development of climate resilient varieties, soil and water conservation, afforestation, insurance and other risk transfer mechanisms, emission reduction technology, protection of coastal flooding for reducing the impacts of CC on oil palm production.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 1 Jan 2020

Fingerprint

Palm oil
Climate Change
Malaysia
Climate change
oil production
Oils
climate change
Sea level
mitigation
Oceans and Seas
oil
Soil conservation
soil conservation
afforestation
Water conservation
Temperature
agricultural production
multiple regression
Insurance
regression analysis

Keywords

  • Adaptation
  • Climate change
  • Impacts
  • Malaysia
  • Mitigation
  • Oil palm production

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

Impacts of climate change on oil palm production in Malaysia. / Sarkar, Md Sujahangir Kabir; Begum, Rawshan Ara; Pereira, Joy Jacqueline.

In: Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 01.01.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Studies reveal that climate change (CC) has higher negative impacts on agricultural production than positive impacts. Therefore, this article attempts to explore the impacts of CC on oil palm production in Malaysia and provides mitigation and adaptation strategies towards reducing such impacts. The multiple regression analysis is applied to assess the impacts of CC on oil palm production by using time series data in the period of 1980 to 2010. A negative and significant relationship is found between annual average temperature and oil palm production. If temperature rises by 1 °C, 2 °C, 3 °C, and 4 °C, production of oil palm can decrease from a range of 10 to 41{\%}. This article has also found a negative impact of sea level rise (SLR) on oil palm production. Findings reveal that if areas under oil palm production decrease by 2{\%}, 4{\%}, and 8{\%} due to SLR of 0.5, 1, and 2 m, oil palm production can decrease by 1.98{\%}, 3.96{\%}, and 7.92{\%}, respectively, indicating that CC has a significant impact on the reduction of oil palm production in Malaysia, ultimately affecting the sustainability of oil palm sector in Malaysia. Finally, this study suggests to practice appropriate mitigation and adaptation strategies, including promotion and development of climate resilient varieties, soil and water conservation, afforestation, insurance and other risk transfer mechanisms, emission reduction technology, protection of coastal flooding for reducing the impacts of CC on oil palm production.",
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