Impact of the sea level rise on low lying areas of coastal zone: The case of Batu Pahat

A. B. Yannie, A. H. Radzi, A. Dunstan, W. H M Wan Mohtar

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

This study investigates the impact of sea level rise at the coastal zone area of Batu Pahat, Johor which identified as low lying area, located at the south west of Peninsular Malaysia. The coastline of Batu Pahat has experiencing severe erosion and significant land loss due to being inundated by sea water. The inundation profile was predicted using Numerical modelling developed by Danish Hydraulic Institute (DHI) familiarly known as MIKE 21 Flexible Mesh - HD. The model predict the inundation profile for the year of 2020 and 2040 along the Batu Pahat coastline, where the hydrodynamic condition in 2013 was referred as baseline year. The model boundary was design meeting the interest or critical area of the coastal segment of Batu Pahat with dimensions of 42.7×126 km2. Tidal, current and wave data were calibrated and the error ranges are within the acceptable limit. From the model simulation, current speed has increase from 0.2-0.39 m/s (baseline) to 0.36-0.9 m/s in year 2020 and has reached up to 1.8 m/s by the year 2040. On the other hand, inundation map produced showing 1.08% of the developed areas including industrial zone will be affected by the year 2020. The percentage for population area, road networks and mangroves forest is approximately 2.04%, 18.18% and 29.08% respectively for the year 2020. Hitting the year 2040 however, the numbers are expected to increase up to 2.47% for population, 21.21% for road network and about 33.3% for mangrove forest areas.

LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationSustainable Hydraulics in the Era of Global Change - Proceedings of the 4th European Congress of the International Association of Hydroenvironment engineering and Research, IAHR 2016
PublisherCRC Press/Balkema
Pages370-376
Number of pages7
ISBN (Print)9781138029774
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes
Event4th European Congress of the International Association of Hydroenvironment engineering and Research, IAHR 2016 - Liege, Belgium
Duration: 27 Jul 201629 Jul 2016

Other

Other4th European Congress of the International Association of Hydroenvironment engineering and Research, IAHR 2016
CountryBelgium
CityLiege
Period27/7/1629/7/16

Fingerprint

Sea level
Coastal zones
coastal zone
mangrove
coast
tidal current
Erosion
Hydrodynamics
hydrodynamics
Hydraulics
seawater
hydraulics
erosion
modeling
simulation
sea level rise
Water
road network

Keywords

  • Batu Pahat
  • Hydrodynamic model
  • Inundation risk map
  • Sea level rise

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology
  • Environmental Engineering

Cite this

Yannie, A. B., Radzi, A. H., Dunstan, A., & Wan Mohtar, W. H. M. (2016). Impact of the sea level rise on low lying areas of coastal zone: The case of Batu Pahat. In Sustainable Hydraulics in the Era of Global Change - Proceedings of the 4th European Congress of the International Association of Hydroenvironment engineering and Research, IAHR 2016 (pp. 370-376). CRC Press/Balkema.

Impact of the sea level rise on low lying areas of coastal zone : The case of Batu Pahat. / Yannie, A. B.; Radzi, A. H.; Dunstan, A.; Wan Mohtar, W. H M.

Sustainable Hydraulics in the Era of Global Change - Proceedings of the 4th European Congress of the International Association of Hydroenvironment engineering and Research, IAHR 2016. CRC Press/Balkema, 2016. p. 370-376.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Yannie, AB, Radzi, AH, Dunstan, A & Wan Mohtar, WHM 2016, Impact of the sea level rise on low lying areas of coastal zone: The case of Batu Pahat. in Sustainable Hydraulics in the Era of Global Change - Proceedings of the 4th European Congress of the International Association of Hydroenvironment engineering and Research, IAHR 2016. CRC Press/Balkema, pp. 370-376, 4th European Congress of the International Association of Hydroenvironment engineering and Research, IAHR 2016, Liege, Belgium, 27/7/16.
Yannie AB, Radzi AH, Dunstan A, Wan Mohtar WHM. Impact of the sea level rise on low lying areas of coastal zone: The case of Batu Pahat. In Sustainable Hydraulics in the Era of Global Change - Proceedings of the 4th European Congress of the International Association of Hydroenvironment engineering and Research, IAHR 2016. CRC Press/Balkema. 2016. p. 370-376
Yannie, A. B. ; Radzi, A. H. ; Dunstan, A. ; Wan Mohtar, W. H M. / Impact of the sea level rise on low lying areas of coastal zone : The case of Batu Pahat. Sustainable Hydraulics in the Era of Global Change - Proceedings of the 4th European Congress of the International Association of Hydroenvironment engineering and Research, IAHR 2016. CRC Press/Balkema, 2016. pp. 370-376
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