Impact of Malaysia major flood to river geomorphology changes and totalsuspended solid using GIS technique

Mohd Khairul Amri Kamarudin, Nur Hishaam Sulaiman, Noorjima Abd Wahab, Mohd. Ekhwan Toriman, Marlia Mohd Hanafiah, Roslan Umar, Abdul Rahman Hassan, Mohd Hafiz Rosli, Mohd Armi Abu Samah, Hazamri Harith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Flood is the most common type of disaster in Peninsular Malaysia. In December 2014, a major flood even toccurred in Pahang River that recorded the worst flood ever hit Pahang River Basin and Malaysia generally. Twelve sampling station has been chosen which covered of upstream, middle stream and downstream parts of Pahang River. This study focuses on scrutinizing the processes of the river geomorphology changes using geographic information system and other techniques. Those stations are JerantutFeri, JPS Tembeling, Chenor and Pekan. The 3D modelling surface showed that the bathymetric shape of Pahang River bed wasseverely affected by the flood due to collapse of river banks, land use changes and anthropogenic activities. However, other stations are also affected by the flood but it is not significant according to cluster group constructed. Total suspended solid was classified into three group using cluster analysis. The contributors of sedimentation problems in Pahang River are from unsustainable land use such as urbanization, agricultural activities, industrialization which are trapping the bed sediments and river band erosion caused by flood phenomenon. Sinuosity index (SI) of Pahang River shows that high percentage of changes occurred in the upstream at Tembeling River and Jelai River with the highest percentage recorded at 45%. SI recorded at middle stream shows a significant change with the percentage of 20.7%. While at downstream, the SI recorded three significant changes from 16.0% to 20.3%. Based on statistical analysis, significant changes with moderate correlation in R squared value at R2 = 0.6669 was obtained between SI changes and waterlevel that occurred from 2010 to 2015. Pahang River geomorphology change analysis and river bed geometric analysis are very important in order to decide the best mitigating measure and management plan that will overcome the biggest problem of Pahang River, that is, flood – that occurs every year. Generally, this study is very important to gather information on the effect of 2014 major flood in Pahang River in order to manage the Basin of Tropical River. In future, for mitigation measure, alternative management is proposed for Pahang River Maintenance such as service of natural flood ponds and flood mitigation projects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)242-257
Number of pages16
JournalDesalination and Water Treatment
Volume149
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2019

Fingerprint

Geomorphology
Geographic information systems
geomorphology
Rivers
GIS
river
river bed
Land use
Catchments
river bank
Banks (bodies of water)
industrialization
land use change
trapping
cluster analysis

Keywords

  • 3D modelling
  • Bathymetric
  • Pahang River basin
  • River geomorphology changes
  • Total suspended solid (TSS)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Water Science and Technology
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Pollution

Cite this

Impact of Malaysia major flood to river geomorphology changes and totalsuspended solid using GIS technique. / Kamarudin, Mohd Khairul Amri; Sulaiman, Nur Hishaam; Abd Wahab, Noorjima; Toriman, Mohd. Ekhwan; Mohd Hanafiah, Marlia; Umar, Roslan; Hassan, Abdul Rahman; Rosli, Mohd Hafiz; Abu Samah, Mohd Armi; Harith, Hazamri.

In: Desalination and Water Treatment, Vol. 149, 01.05.2019, p. 242-257.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kamarudin, Mohd Khairul Amri ; Sulaiman, Nur Hishaam ; Abd Wahab, Noorjima ; Toriman, Mohd. Ekhwan ; Mohd Hanafiah, Marlia ; Umar, Roslan ; Hassan, Abdul Rahman ; Rosli, Mohd Hafiz ; Abu Samah, Mohd Armi ; Harith, Hazamri. / Impact of Malaysia major flood to river geomorphology changes and totalsuspended solid using GIS technique. In: Desalination and Water Treatment. 2019 ; Vol. 149. pp. 242-257.
@article{65b3178538804c25850060f6e3fc77f9,
title = "Impact of Malaysia major flood to river geomorphology changes and totalsuspended solid using GIS technique",
abstract = "Flood is the most common type of disaster in Peninsular Malaysia. In December 2014, a major flood even toccurred in Pahang River that recorded the worst flood ever hit Pahang River Basin and Malaysia generally. Twelve sampling station has been chosen which covered of upstream, middle stream and downstream parts of Pahang River. This study focuses on scrutinizing the processes of the river geomorphology changes using geographic information system and other techniques. Those stations are JerantutFeri, JPS Tembeling, Chenor and Pekan. The 3D modelling surface showed that the bathymetric shape of Pahang River bed wasseverely affected by the flood due to collapse of river banks, land use changes and anthropogenic activities. However, other stations are also affected by the flood but it is not significant according to cluster group constructed. Total suspended solid was classified into three group using cluster analysis. The contributors of sedimentation problems in Pahang River are from unsustainable land use such as urbanization, agricultural activities, industrialization which are trapping the bed sediments and river band erosion caused by flood phenomenon. Sinuosity index (SI) of Pahang River shows that high percentage of changes occurred in the upstream at Tembeling River and Jelai River with the highest percentage recorded at 45{\%}. SI recorded at middle stream shows a significant change with the percentage of 20.7{\%}. While at downstream, the SI recorded three significant changes from 16.0{\%} to 20.3{\%}. Based on statistical analysis, significant changes with moderate correlation in R squared value at R2 = 0.6669 was obtained between SI changes and waterlevel that occurred from 2010 to 2015. Pahang River geomorphology change analysis and river bed geometric analysis are very important in order to decide the best mitigating measure and management plan that will overcome the biggest problem of Pahang River, that is, flood – that occurs every year. Generally, this study is very important to gather information on the effect of 2014 major flood in Pahang River in order to manage the Basin of Tropical River. In future, for mitigation measure, alternative management is proposed for Pahang River Maintenance such as service of natural flood ponds and flood mitigation projects.",
keywords = "3D modelling, Bathymetric, Pahang River basin, River geomorphology changes, Total suspended solid (TSS)",
author = "Kamarudin, {Mohd Khairul Amri} and Sulaiman, {Nur Hishaam} and {Abd Wahab}, Noorjima and Toriman, {Mohd. Ekhwan} and {Mohd Hanafiah}, Marlia and Roslan Umar and Hassan, {Abdul Rahman} and Rosli, {Mohd Hafiz} and {Abu Samah}, {Mohd Armi} and Hazamri Harith",
year = "2019",
month = "5",
day = "1",
doi = "10.5004/dwt.2019.23837",
language = "English",
volume = "149",
pages = "242--257",
journal = "Desalination and Water Treatment",
issn = "1944-3994",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Impact of Malaysia major flood to river geomorphology changes and totalsuspended solid using GIS technique

AU - Kamarudin, Mohd Khairul Amri

AU - Sulaiman, Nur Hishaam

AU - Abd Wahab, Noorjima

AU - Toriman, Mohd. Ekhwan

AU - Mohd Hanafiah, Marlia

AU - Umar, Roslan

AU - Hassan, Abdul Rahman

AU - Rosli, Mohd Hafiz

AU - Abu Samah, Mohd Armi

AU - Harith, Hazamri

PY - 2019/5/1

Y1 - 2019/5/1

N2 - Flood is the most common type of disaster in Peninsular Malaysia. In December 2014, a major flood even toccurred in Pahang River that recorded the worst flood ever hit Pahang River Basin and Malaysia generally. Twelve sampling station has been chosen which covered of upstream, middle stream and downstream parts of Pahang River. This study focuses on scrutinizing the processes of the river geomorphology changes using geographic information system and other techniques. Those stations are JerantutFeri, JPS Tembeling, Chenor and Pekan. The 3D modelling surface showed that the bathymetric shape of Pahang River bed wasseverely affected by the flood due to collapse of river banks, land use changes and anthropogenic activities. However, other stations are also affected by the flood but it is not significant according to cluster group constructed. Total suspended solid was classified into three group using cluster analysis. The contributors of sedimentation problems in Pahang River are from unsustainable land use such as urbanization, agricultural activities, industrialization which are trapping the bed sediments and river band erosion caused by flood phenomenon. Sinuosity index (SI) of Pahang River shows that high percentage of changes occurred in the upstream at Tembeling River and Jelai River with the highest percentage recorded at 45%. SI recorded at middle stream shows a significant change with the percentage of 20.7%. While at downstream, the SI recorded three significant changes from 16.0% to 20.3%. Based on statistical analysis, significant changes with moderate correlation in R squared value at R2 = 0.6669 was obtained between SI changes and waterlevel that occurred from 2010 to 2015. Pahang River geomorphology change analysis and river bed geometric analysis are very important in order to decide the best mitigating measure and management plan that will overcome the biggest problem of Pahang River, that is, flood – that occurs every year. Generally, this study is very important to gather information on the effect of 2014 major flood in Pahang River in order to manage the Basin of Tropical River. In future, for mitigation measure, alternative management is proposed for Pahang River Maintenance such as service of natural flood ponds and flood mitigation projects.

AB - Flood is the most common type of disaster in Peninsular Malaysia. In December 2014, a major flood even toccurred in Pahang River that recorded the worst flood ever hit Pahang River Basin and Malaysia generally. Twelve sampling station has been chosen which covered of upstream, middle stream and downstream parts of Pahang River. This study focuses on scrutinizing the processes of the river geomorphology changes using geographic information system and other techniques. Those stations are JerantutFeri, JPS Tembeling, Chenor and Pekan. The 3D modelling surface showed that the bathymetric shape of Pahang River bed wasseverely affected by the flood due to collapse of river banks, land use changes and anthropogenic activities. However, other stations are also affected by the flood but it is not significant according to cluster group constructed. Total suspended solid was classified into three group using cluster analysis. The contributors of sedimentation problems in Pahang River are from unsustainable land use such as urbanization, agricultural activities, industrialization which are trapping the bed sediments and river band erosion caused by flood phenomenon. Sinuosity index (SI) of Pahang River shows that high percentage of changes occurred in the upstream at Tembeling River and Jelai River with the highest percentage recorded at 45%. SI recorded at middle stream shows a significant change with the percentage of 20.7%. While at downstream, the SI recorded three significant changes from 16.0% to 20.3%. Based on statistical analysis, significant changes with moderate correlation in R squared value at R2 = 0.6669 was obtained between SI changes and waterlevel that occurred from 2010 to 2015. Pahang River geomorphology change analysis and river bed geometric analysis are very important in order to decide the best mitigating measure and management plan that will overcome the biggest problem of Pahang River, that is, flood – that occurs every year. Generally, this study is very important to gather information on the effect of 2014 major flood in Pahang River in order to manage the Basin of Tropical River. In future, for mitigation measure, alternative management is proposed for Pahang River Maintenance such as service of natural flood ponds and flood mitigation projects.

KW - 3D modelling

KW - Bathymetric

KW - Pahang River basin

KW - River geomorphology changes

KW - Total suspended solid (TSS)

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85068566290&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85068566290&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.5004/dwt.2019.23837

DO - 10.5004/dwt.2019.23837

M3 - Article

VL - 149

SP - 242

EP - 257

JO - Desalination and Water Treatment

JF - Desalination and Water Treatment

SN - 1944-3994

ER -