Immunization coverage and its determinants among children 12-23 months of age in Aden, Yemen

Huda O. Basaleem, Khaled A. Al-Sakkaf, Khadijah Shamsuddin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: To assess the immunization status of children aged 12-23 months and its determinants in Aden, Yemen. Methods: This cross-sectional survey was conducted between March and July 2007 during which time mothers of 680 children from 37 randomly selected clusters in Aden, were interviewed. Information on socio-demographic profiles and children's immunization status was obtained. Immunization coverage of all officially provided vaccines was assessed. Analysis of association between immunization coverage and the socio-demographic characteristics were tested using logistic regression analysis with the immunization status as the dependent variable. Results: We found that 83.1% had complete, 10.4% had partial, and 6.5% were never immunized. The immunization card retention rate was 84.9%. The immunization coverage was 92.9% for Bacillus-Calmette-Guérin, 89.6% for Oral Polio Vaccine-3, 86.6% for Diphtheria, Pertusis and Tetanus-3 and Hepatitis-B vaccination, and 89.1% for measles. Multivariate analysis showed that children with an immunization card (odds ratio [OR]=14.71; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 8.50-25.44) were more likely to have complete immunization, while children with older aged mothers (OR=0.41; 95% CI: 0.22-0.77) were more likely to have complete immunization. Conclusion: Despite the high immunization coverage, 16.9% of children did not have complete immunization, and this rate was lower among children of older mothers, and those who retained their immunization cards. Raising awareness of immunization and increasing access to health services must be strengthened.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1221-1226
Number of pages6
JournalSaudi Medical Journal
Volume31
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2010

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Yemen
Immunization
Mothers
Vaccines
Odds Ratio
Demography
Confidence Intervals
Diphtheria
Tetanus
Measles
Poliomyelitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Basaleem, H. O., Al-Sakkaf, K. A., & Shamsuddin, K. (2010). Immunization coverage and its determinants among children 12-23 months of age in Aden, Yemen. Saudi Medical Journal, 31(11), 1221-1226.

Immunization coverage and its determinants among children 12-23 months of age in Aden, Yemen. / Basaleem, Huda O.; Al-Sakkaf, Khaled A.; Shamsuddin, Khadijah.

In: Saudi Medical Journal, Vol. 31, No. 11, 11.2010, p. 1221-1226.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Basaleem, HO, Al-Sakkaf, KA & Shamsuddin, K 2010, 'Immunization coverage and its determinants among children 12-23 months of age in Aden, Yemen', Saudi Medical Journal, vol. 31, no. 11, pp. 1221-1226.
Basaleem, Huda O. ; Al-Sakkaf, Khaled A. ; Shamsuddin, Khadijah. / Immunization coverage and its determinants among children 12-23 months of age in Aden, Yemen. In: Saudi Medical Journal. 2010 ; Vol. 31, No. 11. pp. 1221-1226.
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